Testing the performance of automatedannotation of ESTs with the KeggOrthology (KO) database demonstrateslack of completeness of clusters

G.R. Fernandes, M.A. Mudado, J.M. Ortega
Published September 30, 2008
Genet. Mol. Res. 7 (3): 948-957 (2008)

About the Authors
G.R. Fernandes, M.A. Mudado, J.M. Ortega
Corresponding author
J.M. Ortega
Email: miguel@icb.ufmg.br

The KEGG Orthology (KO) database was tested as a source for automated annotation of expressed sequence tags (ESTs). We used a control experiment where every EST was assigned to its cognate protein, and an annotation experiment where the ESTs were annotated by proteins from other organisms. Analyzing the results, we could assign classes to the annotation: correct, changed and speculated. The correct annotation ranged from 57 (Caenorhabditis elegans) to 81% (Homo sapiens). In spite of the changed annotation being low (1 in H. sapiens to 9% in Arabidopsis thaliana), the speculation was very high (18 in H. sapiens to 38% in C. elegans). We propose eliminating part of the speculated annotation using the KEGG Genes database to enrich KO clusters, decreasing the speculation from 38 to 2% in C. elegans. Thus, the KO database still demands some effort for moving sequences from Kegg GENES to KO, to complement the annotation performance.

Key words: KEGG Orthology, annotation, orthologs, BLAST.


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