Congenital bilateral anorchia: hormonal, molecular and imaging study of a case

I. Rousso, D. Iliopoulos, F. Athanasiadou, L. Zavopoulou,G. Vassiliou, N.Voyiatzis
Published October 26, 2006 
Genet. Mol. Res. 5 (4): 638-642 (2006)

About the authors
I. Rousso, D. Iliopoulos, F. Athanasiadou, L. Zavopoulou,G. Vassiliou, N.Voyiatzis

Corresponding author
D. Iliopoulos


The aetiology of congenital bilateral anorchia is unknown. For many years there was speculation of an association between genetic factors and anorchia. We performed different tests in an anorchid boy, 2.5 years old, presented to us with micropenis and absence of both testes, in order to determine any possible factors contributing to the anorchia. Physical examination and hormonal, imaging, chromosomal, and molecular analyses of this case were performed. The basal FSH and LH levels were increased, and their increase in response to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone test was prolonged, while testosterone levels failed to increase after hCG administration. Ultrasonography of the pelvis and magnetic resonance of the abdomen were performed and failed to show any testicular tissue. Lastly, surgical exploration confirmed the absence of testicular structure. Chromosomal analysis revealed a normal male karyotype and molecular analysis did not reveal mutations or polymorphisms in the open reading frame of the SRY gene. Diagnostically, the lack of testosterone response to hCG stimulation is the hormonal hallmark of bilateral congenital anorchia. In addition, according to our case and previous studies, there is lack of association between genetic factors necessary for correct testicular descent and anorchia.

Key words: Bilateral congenital anorchia, SRY gene, HCG test 

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