Comparison of simple sequence repeats in 19 Archaea

S. Trivedi
Published December 5, 2006
Genet. Mol. Res. 5 (4): 741-772 (2006)

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S. Trivedi

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S. Trivedi


All organisms that have been studied until now have been found to have differential distribution of simple sequence repeats (SSRs),with more SSRs in intergenic than in coding sequences. SSR distribution was investigated in Archaea genomes where complete chromosome sequences of 19 Archaea were analyzed with the program SPUTNIK to find di- to penta-nucleotide repeats. The number of repeats was determined for the complete chromosome sequences and for the coding and non-coding sequences. Different from what has been found for other groups of organisms, there is an abundance of SSRs in coding regions of the genome of some Archaea. Dinucleotide repeats were rare and CG repeats were found in only two Archaea. In general, trinucleotide repeats are the most abundant SSR motifs; however, pentanucleotide repeats are abundant in some Archaea. Some of the tetranucleotide and pentanucleotide repeat motifs are organism specific. In general, repeats are short and CG-rich repeats are present in Archaea having a CG-rich genome. Among the 19 Archaea, SSR density was not correlated with genome size or with optimum growth temperature. Pentanucleotide density had an inverse correlation with the CG content of the genome

Key words: CG content, Microsatellites, SSRs, Hyperthermophiles, Thermophiles, Optimum growth temperature.

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