Genetic relationships among Heliconia (Heliconiaceae) species based on RAPD markers

L.P. Marouelli, P.W. Inglis, M.A. Ferreira and G.S.C. Buso
Published July 13, 2010
Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (3): 1377-1387 (2010)
DOI 10.4238/vol9-3gmr847

About the Authors
L.P. Marouelli, P.W. Inglis, M.A. Ferreira and G.S.C. Buso

Corresponding author: 
G.S.C. Buso


The family Heliconiaceae contains a single genus, Heliconia, with approximately 180 species of Neotropical origin. This genus was formerly allocated to the family Musaceae, but today forms its own family, in the order Zingiberales. The combination of inverted flowers, a single staminode and drupe fruits is an exclusive characteristic of Heliconia. Heliconias are cultivated as ornamental garden plants, and are of increasing importance as cut flowers. However, there are taxonomic confusions and uncertainties about the number of species and the relationships among them. Molecular studies are therefore necessary for better understanding of the species boundaries of these plants. We examined the genetic variability and the phylogenetic relationships of 124 accessions of the genus Heliconia based on RAPD markers. Phenetic and cladistic analyses, using 231 polymorphic RAPD markers, demonstrated that the genus Heliconia is monophyletic. Groupings corresponding to currently recognized species and some subgenera were found, and cultivars and hybrids were found to cluster with their parents. RAPD analysis generally agreed with morphological species classification, except for the position of the subgenus Stenochlamys, which was found to be polyphyletic.

Key words: Genetic variability; Heliconia; RAPD; Molecular marker; Phylogenetic relationships; Zingiberales

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