Gene expression profile of the plant pathogen Fusarium graminearum under the antagonistic effect of Pantoea agglomerans

V. Pandolfi, E.C. Jorge, C.M.R. Melo, A.C.S. Albuquerque and H. Carrer
Published July 16, 2010
Genet. Mol. Res. 9 (3): 1298-1311 (2010)
DOI 10.4238/vol9-3gmr828

About the Authors
V. Pandolfi, E.C. Jorge, C.M.R. Melo, A.C.S. Albuquerque and H. Carrer

Corresponding author:
V. Pandolfi


The pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum is an ongoing threat to agriculture, causing losses in grain yield and quality in diverse crops. Substantial progress has been made in the identification of genes involved in the suppression of phytopathogens by antagonistic microorganisms; however, limited information regarding responses of plant pathogens to these biocontrol agents is available. Gene expression analysis was used to identify differentially expressed transcripts of the fungal plant pathogen F. graminearum under antagonistic effect of the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans. A macroarray was constructed, using 1014 transcripts from an F. graminearum cDNA library. Probes consisted of the cDNA of F. graminearum grown in the presence and in the absence of P. agglomerans. Twenty-nine genes were either up (19) or down (10) regulated during interaction with the antagonist bacterium. Genes encoding proteins associated with fungal defense and/or virulence or with nutritional and oxidative stress responses were induced. The repressed genes coded for a zinc finger protein associated with cell division, proteins containing cellular signaling domains, respiratory chain proteins, and chaperone-type proteins. These data give molecular and biochemical evidence of response of F. graminearum to an antagonist and could help develop effective biocontrol procedures for pathogenic plant fungi.

Key words: Phytopathogen; Microorganism interaction; Macroarray; Gene expression

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