Evidence of allopolyploidy in Brachiariabrizantha (Poaceae: Paniceae) through chromosome arrangement at metaphase plate during microsporogenesis

C. Risso-Pascotto, D.V. Mendes, N. Silva, M.S. Pagliarini, C.B. Valle
Published December 8, 2006
Genet. Mol. Res. 5 (4): 797-803 (2006)

About the authors
C. Risso-Pascotto, D.V. Mendes, N. Silva, M.S. Pagliarini, C.B. Valle

Corresponding author
M.S. Pagliarini
E-mail: mspagliarini@uem.br


In the hexaploid (2n = 6x = 54) accession B176 of Brachiaria brizantha, one cytological characteristic differentiated it from the other accessions previously analyzed with the same ploidy level.Nearly 40% of meiocytes displayed the chromosome set arranged at two metaphase plates at the poles of the cell, close to the membrane. In these cells, both metaphase plates were arranged in an angle to form a typical tripolar spindle. Therefore, cells did not show normal chromosome segregation at anaphase I. Only nine univalent chromosomes migrated from each plate to the opposite pole with the remainder staying immobile on the plate. As a result of such spindle orientation and chromosome behavior, trinucleate telophases I were recorded. After telophase, cytokinesis eliminated the small nuclei into a microcyte. The second division proceeded normally, with the presence of microcytes in all phases. The origin of such an abnormality was explained on the hexaploid level of the accession which could have resulted by chromosomedoubling of a triploid derived from species that did not display the same behavior for spindle organization. The high percentage of meiotic abnormalities recorded in this accession compromises fertility and renders it inadequate for the breeding program.

Key words: Brachiaria brizantha, Allopolyploidy, Microsporogenesis, Pollen viability, Forage grass

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