The results of previous case-control studies examining the relationship between the interleukin (IL)-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and lung cancer are controversial. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and lung cancer. We selected 5 case-control studies related to the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and lung cancer by searching the PubMed, EMBase, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Wanfang database. We utilized the Q-test and I2 test to determine heterogeneity between each study.
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) promoter polymorphisms has been reported to be associated with obesity and insulin resistance and gained widespread attention. However, results obtained so far are quite conflicting. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to address this issue, basing on 17 studies from electronic databases (MEDLINE and EMBASE).
We collected data regarding 340 disease resistance quantitative trait loci (QTLs) from the maize genomic database (MaizeGDB). We constructed an integrated linkage map and analyzed this map by using the BioMercator 2.1 software with IBM2 2008 Neighbors genetic linkage map as a reference. We used a meta-analysis method to identify five “consensus” synthetic resistance QTLs located on maize chromosomes 1, 3, 6, and 10, with map intervals of 5.14, 9.00, 28.50, 1.73, and 33.34 cM, respectively.
The objective of this study was to assess the associations of presenilin 1 (PS1) 1/2, angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D), and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) C/T polymorphisms with the risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the Chinese population. PS1 1/2, ACE I/D, and LRP C/T, which are commonly investigated polymorphisms, were evaluated to obtain summary estimates regarding their associations with AD.
In this study, we evaluated the associations between the V4 (rs2787094 G>C) polymorphism in a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 33 (ADAM33) gene and asthma risk. We searched Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, and CBM databases from inception through August 2013, without language restrictions. Meta-analysis was performed using the STATA 12.0 software. Crude odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Eight case-control studies were included, with a total of 2128 asthma patients and 3134 healthy controls.
The vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) receptor (VDR) gene encodes a protein that functions in the transcriptional regulation of vitamin D-responsive genes and plays a role in innate immunity and adaptive immune responses. In this study, we investigated the relationship between VDR polymorphisms (BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) risk. We conducted an overall meta-analysis and subgroup meta-analysis based on ethnicity that included a total of 6 eligible studies (672 cases and 1148 controls).
Numerous studies have evaluated the association between CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk. However, the specific association is still controversial. The aim of our study was to clarify the effects of CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms (3801 T＞C and A2455G) on HCC risk by conducting a meta-analysis. We conducted searches of the literature published in PubMed and EMBASE databases up to April 2014. We estimated the pooled odds ratio with its 95% confidence interval to assess the association using a fixed or random-effects model.
Studies investigating the association between the CAG repeat polymorphism and the risk of isolated hypospadias have reported conflicting results. The aim of this study was to quantitatively summarize the evidence for such a relationship. Two investigators independently searched the Medline, Embase, CNKI, and Wanfang databases. Weighted mean difference and 95% confidence intervals for the CAG repeat polymorphism and isolated hypospadias were calculated using a random-effects model.
Numerous studies have evaluated the association between estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) gene PvuII polymorphism and fracture risk in postmenopausal women. However, the results have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to examine the association between the ESR1 gene PvuII polymorphism and fracture risk in postmenopausal women. Studies published from PubMed, Google Scholar, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure data were retrieved.
B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1), which is also known as programmed death-L1, is an important member of the B7/CD28 costimulatory factor superfamily, which are emerging as important mediators of various host immune responses. B7-H1 is differentially expressed in various cell subsets and to different extents in human and murine cells. Human B7-H1 is constitutively expressed at low levels in dendritic cells and activated T cells (compared with high expression in activated murine T cells) and is highly expressed in monocytes and tumor cells.