Ethics Considerations




Approval by a Research Ethics Committee must be indicated in the article for all research involving human subjects. The research should be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki (2013) guidelines.Incluir o link para paper must inform that informed consent has been obtained from patients where appropriate.


Articles involving research with animals must conform to the legal requirements of the country in which the work was carried out. A statement identifying institutional committee approval of the experiments must be included in the article. Techniques should follow Committee on Animal Research and Ethics (CARE) guidelines.

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GMR is committed to upholding the integrity of scientific research reports. The journal follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct. Incluir o link para

Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results that could damage trust in the journal andin science reporting. Authors should follow rules of good scientific practice, which include:

No data, text, figures or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). GMR uses software to screen for plagiarism.

No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images).

Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, before the work is submitted.

Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed significantly to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.

Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results.


Plagiarism and Fabrication

Plagiarism is when an author attempts to pass off someone else's work as his or her own. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals, to “salami-slicing,” where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper.

Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut-and-pasted. Such manuscripts will not be considered for publication in Genetics and Molecular Research (GMR). However, minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively common, for example, when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The journal editors judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits.

Genetics and Molecular Research uses PlagScan and similar programs, an initiative to help editors verify the originality of submitted manuscripts. As part of this process, the selected manuscripts are scanned and compared with the papers available in database indexes.

Should a case of plagiarism come to light after a paper is published in GMR, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If the paper is found to be plagiarized, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. A determination of misconduct will lead to GMR running a statement, bidirectionally linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and to provide a reference to the plagiarized material. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be clearly marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.


Discussion of unpublished work

Manuscripts are sent out for review on the condition that any unpublished data cited within are properly credited, and the appropriate permission has been sought. Where licensed data are cited, authors must include during submission a written assurance that they are complying with the originators' data-licensing agreements.

Referees are encouraged to be alert to the use of misappropriated unpublished data from databases or from any other source, and to inform the editor of any concerns they may have.

The following publications, regarding fabrication and plagiarism, are available on the website of the Committee on Publication Ethics:


If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation. If misconduct has been established, this may result in implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected.

If the article has already been published, either an erratum will be placed with the article or complete retraction of the article will occur. In the latter case, the paper is maintained on the platform, marked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the marked article.

Co-authors and the author’s institution will be informed.