Research Article

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2016 Dec 02
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
2016 Dec 02
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Biological evolution; Butterflies; Evolution, Molecular; Gene order; Genome, Insect; Genome, Mitochondrial; Likelihood Functions; Phylogeny

Pieridae is a butterfly family whose evolutionary history is poorly understood. Due to the difficulties in identifying morphological synapomorphies within the group and the scarcity of the fossil records, only a few studies on higher phylogeny of Pieridae have been reported to date. In this study, we describe the complete mitochondrial genomes of four pierid butterfly species (Aporia martineti ... more

Y. Cao; J.S. Hao; X.Y. Sun; B. Zheng; Q. Yang
2016 Dec 02
DNA, Plant; Evolution, Molecular; Expressed sequence tags; Genetic variation; Genome, Plant; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Saccharum

We analyzed 80 plants of the sugarcane (Saccharum spp) variety 'RB867515' in order to investigate its diversity and genetic structure at the molecular level. Four simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci (UGSM51, SMC1237, SEGMS1069, and UGSM38) and five expressed sequence tag (EST)-SSR loci (ESTA68, ESTB92, ESTB145, ESTC66, and ESTC84) were used as molecular markers. The polymorphic loci rate was 66. ... more

G.B. Maranho; R.C. Maranho; R. Desordi; A.F. das Neves; C.A. Mangolin; M.F.P.S. Machado
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Base Sequence; Conserved sequence; Disease resistance; Evolution, Molecular; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Plant Diseases; Plant Proteins; Psidium; Tylenchoidea

Guava (Psidium guajava L.) crop is severely affected by the nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii. Native Psidium species have been reported as sources of resistance against this nematode. Knowledge on the molecular relationship between Psidium species based on plant resistance gene analogs (RGA) can be useful in the genetic breeding of guava for resistance to M. enterolobii. In this study, RGA ... more

L.R. Noia; A.C. Tuler; A. Ferreira; M.F.S. Ferreira
2017 Mar 16
Animals; China; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; Genetics, Population; Haplotypes; Lakes; Phylogeny; Polymorphism, Genetic

Coilia ectenes is a commercially important fishery species in China. C. ectenes taihuensis is an endemic and dominant species found in Taihu Lake of China. When compared with C. ectenes, C. ectenes taihuensis lacks anadromous behavior, and can independently grow and reproduce in Taihu Lake. In this study, the mitochondrial DNA control region (D-loop) sequences were employed to investigate the ... more

J.J. Zhang; J.R. Duan; Y.F. Zhou; J.Y. Peng; D.A. Fang
2017 Apr 05
Animals; Brazil; Cattle; Cattle Diseases; Coronavirus Infections; Coronavirus, Bovine; Dysentery; Evolution, Molecular; Feces; Membrane Glycoproteins; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Viral Envelope Proteins; Viral Tropism

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a pathogen related to enteric and respiratory diseases in cattle worldwide. Enteric (BECoV) strains of BCoV are predominant in South America, and genetic investigations have been conducted to identify its relationship with isolates of respiratory origin (BRCoV). In this study, we used a BRCoV strain (BR-UEL11) derived from an outbreak of respiratory disease in ... more

E.A. Beuttemmuller; A.F. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; A.A. Alfieri
2017 Apr 20
Animals; Chromosome banding; Chromosomes; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Karyotype; Phylogeny

Sphyraena (barracudas) represents the only genus of the Sphyraenidae family and includes 27 species distributed into the tropical and subtropical oceanic regions. These pelagic predators can reach large sizes and, thus, attracting significant interest from commercial and sport fishing. Evolutionary data for this fish group, as well its chromosomal patterns, are very incipient. In the present ... more

R.X. Soares; M.B. Cioffi; L.A.C. Bertollo; A.T. Borges; G.W.W.F. Costa; W.F. Molina
2017 Sep 27
Castor bean; Evolution, Molecular; Models, Genetic; Polymorphism, Genetic

Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) is a tropical plant of great commercial interest and a potential source of biodiesel. The development of genetically improved cultivars with high amounts of oil in the seeds and low ricin toxicity is crucial to increase the productivity of this crop. The use of TRAP (target region amplification polymorphism) markers to develop elite lineages and study genetic ... more

K.S. Simões; S.A. Silva; E.L. Machado; M.S. Silva
09/21/2015
Bayesian analysis; Phylogeny; Species group; Streptococcus

Alternative phylogenies for the genus Streptococcus have been proposed due to uncertainty about the among-species group relationships. Here, we performed a phylogenetic analysis of the genus Streptococcus, considering all the species groups and also the genomic data accumulated by other studies. Seventy-five species were subjected to a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis ... more

F. Póntigo; M. Moraga; S.V. Flores
08/21/2015
Biological evolution; Gossypium raimondii; Phylogeny; Sequence analysis; Synteny; TIFY gene family

The highly conserved TIFY domain is included in the TIFY protein family of transcription factors, which is important in plant development. Here, 28 TIFY family genes were identified in the Gossypium raimondii genome and classified into JAZ (15 genes), ZML (8), PPD (3), and TIFY (2). The normal (TIF[F/Y]XG) motif was dominant in the TIFY ... more

D.H. He; Z.P. Lei; B.S. Tang; H.Y. Xing; J.X. Zhao; Y.L. Jing

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