Research Article

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Flowers; Genotype; Plant breeding; Plant Development; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

The aims of this study were to assess the linear relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits and to identify promising traits for indirect selection in early and super-early maturing maize genotypes. Two trials were run in the 2009/2010 agricultural year, each consisting of a randomized block design with three replications. One trial was run on 36 early maturing maize genotypes and ... more

B.M. Alves; C. Filho
Cellulose; Genotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Saccharum; Selection, Genetic; Sucrose

Sugarcane (Saccharum sp) is one of the most promising crops and researchers have sought for renewable alternative energy sources to reduce CO emission. The study of strategies, which allow breeders in the selection of superior genotypes for many traits simultaneously, is important. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: i) to apply path analysis to better understand the relationship ... more

L.A. Silva; P.E. Teodoro; L.A. Peixoto; C. Assis; K. Gasparini; M.H.P. Barbosa; L.L. Bhering
Fabaceae; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

Desmanthus is a genus of forage legumes with high nutritional value, productive potential, and ability to obtain nitrogen in association with diazotrophic bacteria. The use of accurate techniques for genotype identification and characterization is essential for breeding programs. Morphological markers are widely used to know the genetic diversity and the molecular markers are fundamental in ... more

J.C. Costa; G.G.M. Fracetto; F.J.C. Fracetto; M.V.F. Santos; M.A.Lira Júnior
2017 Jun 29
Hypocotyl; Models, Genetic; Neural Networks, Computer; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Soybeans

Classification using a scale of visual notes is a strategy used to select erect bean plants in order to improve bean plant architectures. Use of morphological traits associated with the phenotypic expression of bean architecture in classification procedures may enhance selection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of artificial neural networks (ANNs) as auxiliary tools ... more

V.Q. Carneiro; G.N. Silva; C.D. Cruz; P.C.S. Carneiro; M. Nascimento; J.E.S. Carneiro
Fusarium; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Heat-shock proteins; Inbreeding; Lipoxygenase; maternal inheritance; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Plant Proteins; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

In recent years, there has been a large incidence of fungi causing "ear rot" in maize in Brazil, the main fungus being Fusarium verticillioides. The most efficient and competitive alternative for control of this disease consists of using maize hybrids resistant to this pathogen. Thus, the aims of this study were to analyze the genetic variability of maize inbred lines in regard to resistance ... more

G.S. Pereira; R.G.V. Pinho; E.V.R.V. Pinho; L.P.M. Pires; L.A.Y.Bernar Junior; J.L.A. Pereira; M.P. Melo
Edible Grain; Genotype; Inbreeding; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding; Vigna

The aim of this study was to estimate the genotypic gain with simultaneous selection of production, nutrition, and culinary traits in cowpea crosses and backcrosses and to compare different selection indexes. Eleven cowpea populations were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Fourteen traits were evaluated, and the following parameters were estimated: ... more

D.G. Oliveira; M.M. Rocha; K.J. Damasceno-Silva; F.V. Sá; L.R.L. Lima; M.D.V. Resende
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Germplasm banks are essential as sources of genetic variability for plant breeding programs. To characterize a Brazilian Capsicum frutescens collection, 21 malagueta and 5 Tabasco hot pepper accessions were evaluated under field and greenhouse conditions regarding morphological and molecular traits, as well as resistance to viruses. Morphological characterization was performed using 53 IPGRI ( ... more

M.F. Lima; S.I.C. Carvalho; C.F. Ragassi; L.B. Bianchetti; F.G. Faleiro; F.J.B. Reifschneider
Alleles; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Zea mays

Genetic improvement is essential to achieve increments in maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield components. It may be obtained through crosses, which enable to exploit the effects of intervarietal heterosis, allelic complementarity, as well as gene actions and effects. This study estimated the components of variance and genetic parameters (REML/BLUP) of an intervarietal diallel to select and predict ... more

I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; V.J. Szareski; M. Ferrari; T.C. da Rosa; T.S. Martins; N.L.Dos Santos; M. Nardino; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
Alleles; Cotton Fiber; Genotype; Gossypium; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

Final cotton quality is of great importance, and it depends on intrinsic and extrinsic fiber characteristics. The objective of this study was to estimate general (GCA) and specific (SCA) combining abilities for technological fiber traits among six upland cotton genotypes and their fifteen hybrid combinations, as well as to determine the effective genetic effects in controlling the traits ... more

D.R. Queiroz; F.J.C. Farias; J.J.V. Cavalcanti; L.P. Carvalho; D.G. Neder; L.S.S. Souza; F.C. Farias; P.E. Teodoro
Genotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding; Soybeans

Defining selection criteria is important to obtain promising genotypes in a breeding program. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for agronomic traits and to perform soybean line selection using selection indices. The experiment was conducted at an experimental area located at Capim Branco farm, belonging to the Federal University of Uberlândia. A total of 37 soybean ... more

F.G. Teixeira; O.T. Hamawaki; A.P.O. Nogueira; R.L. Hamawaki; G.L. Jorge; C.L. Hamawaki; B.Q.V. Machado; A.J.O. Santana