Research Article

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2017 Jan 23
Anacardiaceae; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic

Cajazeira (Spondias mombin L.), of the family Anacardiaceae, is a species of fruit tree found in the Amazon region with fruits that have excellent prospects for commercial use. We aimed to evaluate the genetic diversity within and among natural populations of S. mombin, with natural occurrence in northern Mato Grosso State, by using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Overall, 126 ... more

B.M. Silva; A.A.B. Rossi; A.V. Tiago; K.F.M. Schmitt; J.F.E. Dardengo; S.A.M. Souza
2017 Feb 08
Alleles; environment; Gene-Environment Interaction; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Glutathione S-Transferase pi; Glutathione transferase; Humans; Polymorphism, Genetic; Stomach neoplasms

Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is an important member of phase II metabolic enzymes; GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 belong to three subfamilies of the GST enzyme. Polymorphisms in GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 could affect detoxification processes, and increase individuals' susceptibility to cancers. We aimed to investigate the association between GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and the risk of ... more

Z.H. Chen; J.F. Xian; L.P. Luo
2017 Feb 08
Alleles; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; China; Connexins; Deafness; Female; Genotype; Humans; Odds Ratio; Polymorphism, Genetic; Pregnancy; Risk; Sequence Deletion

Congenital deafness is a serious and irreversible condition in humans. The GJB2 gene is implicated in the pathogenesis of autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss. Its 235delC and 30-35delG polymorphisms are reported to be associated with risk of hereditary deafness. However, the effect of the interaction between GJB2 235delC and 30-35delG and environmental factors on congenital deafness ... more

Y. Xiong; M. Zhong; J. Chen; Y.L. Yan; X.F. Lin; X. Li
2017 Mar 08
Brassica; China; Chromosome Mapping; Chromosomes, Plant; DNA fingerprinting; DNA, Plant; Genetic markers; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic

Chinese cabbage is an important cruciferous vegetable in China. The differences in the morphology and other characteristics of the different varieties of Chinese cabbage are generally caused by their different genes. Using the simple sequence repeat (SSR) DNA molecular markers is an effective way to identify different genotypes. The identification of a genetic relationship is a key point in ... more

X.X. Zhang; X.B. Tang; Y. Liu; Y.W. Zhang
2017 Mar 08
Alleles; DNA, Plant; Expressed sequence tags; Genetic variation; Heterozygote; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Reproduction; Saccharum

The reduction in sugarcane productivity in subsequent cutting stages may be related to a gradual decrease of the allele number and mean observed heterozygosity (H) in the sugarcane ratoon. This hypothesis was tested assessing the number of alleles and H values in 10 expressed sequence tag microsatellites (Est-SSR loci) of the sugarcane varieties RB72454 and RB867515 in different cutting stages ... more

R. Augusto; R.C. Maranho; C.A. Mangolin; J.C.Bespalho Filho; M.F.P.S. Machado
2017 Mar 15
Animal Distribution; Animals; Endangered species; Genetic Drift; Genetic Loci; Microsatellite Repeats; Penaeidae; Phylogeny; Polymorphism, Genetic

Fenneropenaeus penicillatus, which is on the Red List of Endangered Species for China, is an important shrimp species. However, there is not enough genetic information on F. penicillatus for conservation and management purposes. Ten microsatellite markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity, genetic differentiation, and population structure of F. penicillatus to provide scientific ... more

Y.Y. Cao; J.B. Shangguan; Z.B. Li
2017 Mar 22
Alleles; Brazil; Fruit; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Microsatellite Repeats; Myrtaceae; Phylogeny; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Trees; Vitamin A

Myrciaria dubia (camu-camu) is an Amazon tree that produces a tart fruit with high vitamin C content. It is probably the fruit with the highest vitamin C content among all Brazilian fruit crops and it can be used to supplement daily vitamin C dose. This property has attracted the attention of consumers and, consequently, encouraged fruit farmers to produce it. In order to identify and select ... more

C.F. Nunes; T.A. Setotaw; M. Pasqual; E.A. Chagas; E.G. Santos; D.N. Santos; C.G.B. Lima; G.M.A. Cançado
2017 Mar 15
Atherosclerosis; Female; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Glutathione transferase; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Genetic; Risk factors; Smoking

Atherosclerosis is characterized by lesions, called atheroma or atheromatous plaques, in the inner layer of blood vessels, which block the vascular lumen and weaken the underlying tunica media. Several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis exist. The modifiable risk factors include hypertension, smoking, obesity, high LDL and low HDL cholesterol ... more

D.A. Rodrigues; J.V.M. Martins; K.S.F.E. Silva; I.R. Costa; M.H. Lagares; F.L. Campedelli; A.M. Barbosa; M.P. de Morais; K.K.V.O. Moura
2017 Mar 30
Alleles; Crops, Agricultural; Gene frequency; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique; Zea mays

Genetic diversity in crops is essential to make improvements related to superior germplasms. Implementation of molecular markers to identify suitable genotypes speeds up the breeding progress by enhancing selection efficiency. This study was carried out to probe genetic diversity among 21 maize genotypes using 20 inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. We identified a total of 190 ... more

R.W. Muhammad; A. Qayyum; M.Q. Ahmad; A. Hamza; M. Yousaf; B. Ahmad; M. Younas; W. Malik; S. Liaqat; E. Noor
2017 Mar 30
Alleles; Amelogenin; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Chromosomes, Human, X; Chromosomes, Human, Y; DNA fingerprinting; Ethnic groups; Female; Forensic genetics; Gene frequency; Genetics, Population; Haplotypes; Humans; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Paternity; Polymorphism, Genetic

The sex-linked short tandem repeats (STR), Y-STR and X-STR, are important for autosomal STRs in forensic paternity testing. We evaluated the forensic parameters of 19 Y-STRs and 16 X-STRs in the Han population of Shandong province, China. A Goldeneye 20Y kit (DYS391, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS348, DYS456, Y-GATA-H4, DYS447, DYS19, DYS392, DYS393, DYS388, DYS439, DYS635, DYS448, DYS460, ... more

H.M. Gao; C. Wang; S.Y. Han; S.H. Sun; D.J. Xiao; Y.S. Wang; C.T. Li; M.X. Zhang

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