Research Article

Related GMR Articles

2017 Feb 08
Alleles; Animals; Bivalvia; Evolution, Molecular; Genetics, Population; Heterozygote; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic

Solen grandis is an important economic and overexploited bivalve species. In order to perform its fine-scale genetic analyses, 105 pairs of microsatellites with polymorphism were identified through Illumina Hiseq platform and bioinformatic assembly technology in this study. The estimated fragment size ranged from 100 to 268 bp and the number of alleles per locus varied between 2 and 23. ... more

Y.W. Feng; H.L. Jiang; Y.T. Liu; X.P. Wu; X.Q. Liu; X.M. Wei
2017 Mar 16
Animals; China; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; Genetics, Population; Haplotypes; Lakes; Phylogeny; Polymorphism, Genetic

Coilia ectenes is a commercially important fishery species in China. C. ectenes taihuensis is an endemic and dominant species found in Taihu Lake of China. When compared with C. ectenes, C. ectenes taihuensis lacks anadromous behavior, and can independently grow and reproduce in Taihu Lake. In this study, the mitochondrial DNA control region (D-loop) sequences were employed to investigate the ... more

J.J. Zhang; J.R. Duan; Y.F. Zhou; J.Y. Peng; D.A. Fang
2017 Apr 20
Ascomycota; Brazil; Ecosystem; Evolution, Molecular; Fungal Proteins; Mutation; Peptide Elongation Factor 1; Phylogeography; Polymorphism, Genetic; Selection, Genetic

Lasiodiplodia theobromae is a plant pathogen with a worldwide distribution, with low host specificity, causing stem cankers, dieback diseases, and fruit rot in several species of plants. In coconut, this pathogen is reported as the etiological agent of "coconut leaf blight" (CLB) disease, causing several losses in fruit production. The CLB is an important disease for this crop in Brazil. In ... more

P.H.D. Santos; B.M. Carvalho; K.P. Aguiar; F.A.S. Aredes; T.P.S. Poltronieri; J.M.S. Vivas; M. Dias; G.A. Bezerra; D.B. Pinho; M.G. Pereira; S.F. Silveira
2017 Aug 31
Arecaceae; Evolution, Molecular; Gene flow; Gene frequency; Heterozygote; Linkage disequilibrium; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic

We assessed the level and distribution of genetic diversity in three species of the economically important palm genus Astrocaryum located in Pará State, in northern Brazil. Samples were collected in three municipalities for Astrocaryum aculeatum: Belterra, Santarém, and Terra Santa; and in two municipalities for both A. murumuru: Belém and Santo Antônio do Tauá and A. paramaca: Belém and ... more

N.P. Oliveira; M.S.P. Oliveira; L.C. Davide; S. Kalisz
2017 Sep 21
Animals; Evolution, Molecular; Hybridization, Genetic; Lepidoptera; Polymorphism, Genetic

Helicoverpa armigera is the most significant pest of agriculture in Asia, Europe, Africa, and Australasia, causing damage to crops greater than US$2 billion annually and until 2013 it was not detected in Brazil. Helicoverpa zea is restricted to the American continent and is important to corn and a secondary pest of cotton and tomatoes. The wide range of crops exploited by H. armigera (mainly ... more

H.M. Lopes; C.S. Bastos; L.S. Boiteux; J. Foresti; F.A. Suinaga
2017 Sep 27
Brazil; Ecosystem; Evolution, Molecular; Gene Pool; Genotype; Gossypium; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Selective breeding

Mocó cotton belong to the same species as the cultivated species, Gossypium hirsutum, and cultivated forms were mainly landraces but also developed as cultivars, bearing good fiber quality and drought tolerant when cropped as a perennial species. The northeast Brazil crop system based on this cotton type is finished, with a few small area planted in the three main States, where it was ... more

I.P.P. de Menezes; L.V. Hoffmann; T.H. de Lima; A.R. da Silva; V.S. Lucena; P.A.V. Barroso
2017 Sep 27
Anacardiaceae; Evolution, Molecular; Genotype; Heterozygote; Inbreeding; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic

Anacardium humile Saint Hilaire is a tropical shrub native to the Cerrado biome. It is a fruiting species with biological, medicinal, and socioeconomic significance. Thus, knowing how the genetic variability of natural populations is organized allows for the establishment of strategies for conservation and the sustainable use of the species and its biome. Six microsatellite loci previously ... more

L.G. Cota; P.A. Moreira; M.M. Brandão; V.A. Royo; A.F.Melo Junior; E.V. Menezes; D.A. Oliveira
2017 Sep 27
Evolution, Molecular; Mimiviridae; Models, Genetic; Phylogeny; Protein Biosynthesis; Sequence Homology; Viral Proteins

The natural history of mimiviruses (i.e., viruses that are members of the Mimivirus genus) is a challenge for modern biology. A new domain of life to include these organisms has been proposed from analysis of gene conservation. We analyzed the evolutionary relationship of proteins involved in the translation system, and our data show that mimiviruses are a sister group of Eukarya. New data ... more

V.M. Marcelino; M.V.P.C. Espinola; V. Serrano-Solis; S.T. Farias
2017 Aug 31
Alleles; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Zea mays

Genetic improvement is essential to achieve increments in maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield components. It may be obtained through crosses, which enable to exploit the effects of intervarietal heterosis, allelic complementarity, as well as gene actions and effects. This study estimated the components of variance and genetic parameters (REML/BLUP) of an intervarietal diallel to select and predict ... more

I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; V.J. Szareski; M. Ferrari; T.C. da Rosa; T.S. Martins; N.L.Dos Santos; M. Nardino; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
2017 Sep 27
Models, Genetic; Pennisetum; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selective breeding

Genetically improved cultivars of elephant grass need to be adapted to different ecosystems with a faster growth speed and lower seasonality of biomass production over the year. This study aimed to use selection indices using mixed models (REML/BLUP) for selecting families and progenies within full-sib families of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) for biomass production. One hundred and ... more

V.B. Silva; R.F. Daher; M.S.B. Araújo; Y.P. Souza; S. Cassaro; B.R.S. Menezes; L.M. Gravina; A.A.C. Novo; F.D. Tardin; A.T.Amaral Júnior