Research Article

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05/10/2017
Animals; Brain; Cloning, Molecular; Fish Proteins; Fishes; Kidney; Liver; Muscle, Skeletal; Receptors, Glucocorticoid; Sodium Chloride; Stress, Physiological

To understand the regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (Gcr) during loading and transport stress in fish, the Gcr gene of Coilia nasus was cloned. Gcr in C. nasus is expressed strongly in the liver and muscle, and less stronglyin the gills, brain, spleen, intestine, trunk kidney, and head kidney. Gcr expression in both the liver and muscle was increased by loading and transport ... more

F.K. Du; G.C. Xu; Y. Li; Z.J. Nie; P. Xu
03/30/2017
Animals; Apoptosis; Blood glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Ginsenosides; Glucose; Insulin; JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; Lipids; Liver; Liver Diseases; male; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels. T2-DM patients suffer from many complications, such as diabetic fatty liver and diabetic nephropathy. The liver, the pivotal organ involved in both glucose and lipid metabolism, is primarily damaged in T2-DM patients, especially in those with high levels of blood lipid. In this study, ... more

W. Tian; L. Chen; L. Zhang; B. Wang; X.B. Li; K.R. Fan; C.H. Ai; X. Xia; S.D. Li; Y. Li
05/10/2017
Adipose tissue; Animals; Antioxidants; Body weight; Camellia sinensis; Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; Chronotherapy; Circadian rhythm; Diet; Eating; Female; Homeostasis; Lipid metabolism; Liver; Liver X Receptors; Mice; Ovary; Oxidation-Reduction; Plant Extracts; Tea

Biological rhythms can be defined as changes in physiological or behavioral variables that repeat at certain time intervals. Rhythms that last approximately 24 h are referred to as circadian rhythms. Modern lifestyles have drastically affected human habits, as well as the population's eating habits. These changes have generated an epidemic of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and diabetes. ... more

R.P. Amorim; I.P. Daher; F.P.D. Arcangelo; M.F. Bellini; W.A. Orcini; G.R. Sarria; R.L. Peruquetti
09/21/2017
Animals; Chromosomes; Female; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Karyotype; Liver; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Transcriptome; Turtles

Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis has been an important aquaculture species in Southeast Asian countries. To breed a new variety of soft-shelled turtle with excellent properties and to evaluate the effect of hybridization of two turtle strains with a highly different trait phenotype, inheritance, microsatellite loci, and transcriptome analysis were studied in the hybrid turtles ... more

H.Q. Zhang; X.J. Xu; Z.Y. He; J.Z. Shao; X.H. Zhang; Q.H. Meng; F.Y. Huang
07/03/2017
Adult; Animals; Case-control studies; Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus; Female; Humans; Interleukin-18; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial; Thailand

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes, which is naturally triggered by aeroallergens. House dust mites (HDM) are the most common inhalant allergens. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has been established as an essential cytokine that can activate the generation of IgE. This randomized controlled study aimed to identify the possible relationship of the genetic ... more

A. Tungtrongchitr; J. Jumpasri; N. Sookrung; N. Visitsunthorn; P. Tantilipikorn; O. Piboonpocanan; N. Indrawattana; R. Tungtrongchitr; W. Chaicumpa
12/02/2016
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
02/16/2017
14-3-3 Proteins; Adaptation, Physiological; Animals; Fish Proteins; Fishes; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; Gills; Salinity

Fishes adapt to salinity changes primarily through osmotic pressure regulation, a process often associated with several genes, including 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ. The present study investigated the differential expression of genes 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ in the gill tissue of Mugil cephalus acclimated to low salinity. Susceptibility relationships between the four ... more

L. Li; M. Jiang; X.Q. Shen
03/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Ethanol; Fish Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Organ Size; Plant Extracts; Propolis

Propolis can be used as growth enhancer due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant, and immune-stimulant properties, but its effects on morphometry and muscle gene expression are largely unknown. The present study evaluates the influence of propolis on muscle morphometry and myostatin gene expression in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) bred in net cages. Reversed males (GIFT strain) with an ... more

E.L. Buck; I.Y. Mizubuti; A.A. Alfieri; R.A.A. Otonel; L.Y. Buck; F.P. Souza; O.P. Prado-Calixto; A.R. Poveda-Parra; A. Filho; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
03/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
03/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero

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