Research Article

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03/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
2016 Dec 02
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Cattle; Embryo Culture Techniques; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; GRB10 Adaptor Protein; Point mutation; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Superovulation

The application of assisted reproductive technology in animal production benefits the economy and conservation of biological resources. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) was used as predictive markers for breeding and reproduction. In the present study, we examined the association between a SNP of the grb10 gene and superovulation traits in cattle. Sequencing results indicated a point ... more

Y. Wu; Z. Zhang; J.B. Zhang; Q. Deng
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
2016 Dec 19
3' Untranslated Regions; Animals; Cell differentiation; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Down-regulation; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Microfilament Proteins; MicroRNAs; Muscle development; Muscle Proteins; Myoblasts; Swine

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development and biochemical functions of skeletal muscles. However, targeting of miRNAs to structural genes involved in Z-discs have not been investigated. Here, we describe a highly expressed miRNA, miR-432, in pig embryonic skeletal muscle, which appeared to target myozenin1 (MYOZ1), a protein involved in the muscular sarcomere microstructure. ... more

R.M. Ren; H. Liu; S.H. Zhao; J.H. Cao
2017 Feb 16
14-3-3 Proteins; Adaptation, Physiological; Animals; Fish Proteins; Fishes; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; Gills; Salinity

Fishes adapt to salinity changes primarily through osmotic pressure regulation, a process often associated with several genes, including 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ. The present study investigated the differential expression of genes 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ in the gill tissue of Mugil cephalus acclimated to low salinity. Susceptibility relationships between the four ... more

L. Li; M. Jiang; X.Q. Shen
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cation Transport Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Immunity, Innate; Sus scrofa; Swine; Tissue distribution; Weaning

Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein gene 1 (Nramp1) plays an important role in the innate immune response of swine, and is believed to influence disease resistance. In this study, a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction technique was used to investigate Nramp1 expression in 12 different tissues in newborn and 7-, 14-, 21-, 28-, and 35-day-old Meishan piglets. Results ... more

C.H. Dai; J.Y. Wu; C.X. Zhao; L.H. Yu; W.B. Bao; S.L. Wu
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Ethanol; Fish Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Organ Size; Plant Extracts; Propolis

Propolis can be used as growth enhancer due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant, and immune-stimulant properties, but its effects on morphometry and muscle gene expression are largely unknown. The present study evaluates the influence of propolis on muscle morphometry and myostatin gene expression in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) bred in net cages. Reversed males (GIFT strain) with an ... more

E.L. Buck; I.Y. Mizubuti; A.A. Alfieri; R.A.A. Otonel; L.Y. Buck; F.P. Souza; O.P. Prado-Calixto; A.R. Poveda-Parra; A. Filho; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
2017 May 10
Animals; Brain; Cloning, Molecular; Fish Proteins; Fishes; Kidney; Liver; Muscle, Skeletal; Receptors, Glucocorticoid; Sodium Chloride; Stress, Physiological

To understand the regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (Gcr) during loading and transport stress in fish, the Gcr gene of Coilia nasus was cloned. Gcr in C. nasus is expressed strongly in the liver and muscle, and less stronglyin the gills, brain, spleen, intestine, trunk kidney, and head kidney. Gcr expression in both the liver and muscle was increased by loading and transport ... more

F.K. Du; G.C. Xu; Y. Li; Z.J. Nie; P. Xu

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