Research Article

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9/21/2017
Adult; Case-control studies; Coronary artery disease; Female; Humans; male; Mutation, Missense; Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; Polymorphism, Genetic

The coronary arteriosclerotic disease is the most common cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis affects large- and medium-sized arteries leading to severe thrombosis or artery stenosis that could evolve to myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, ischemic injury of kidneys and intestines, and several other life-threatening clinical manifestations. Nitric oxide has been shown to be a promising ... more

A.M. Barbosa; K.S.F. Silva; M.H. Lagares; D.A. Rodrigues; I.R. da Costa; M.P. Morais; J.V.M. Martins; R.S. Mascarenhas; F.L. Campedelli; K.K.V.O. Moura
2017 Sep 21
Adult; Brazil; Case-control studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Female; Gene frequency; Glucose Transporter Type 4; Humans; Interleukin-18; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Whites

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component that has been associated with several genetic loci. Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine, which is involved in the innate and adaptive immune responses, and in the pathogenesis of various diseases including T1D. Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is known to be an insulin-responsive glucose ... more

Y. Al-Lahham; A.K.B. Mendes; E.M. Souza; D. Alberton; F.G.M. Rego; G. Valdameri; G. Picheth
12/02/2016
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
12/02/2016
Azoospermia; Chromosome aberrations; Cytogenetic Analysis; Genetic counseling; Heterozygote; Humans; Live Birth; male; Oligospermia

Chromosomal abnormality is the most common genetic cause of infertility. Infertility, as a psychological problem, has received an increasing amount of attention. Psychological interventions have been shown to have beneficial effects on infertile patients with chromosomal abnormalities. The present study explored reproductive outcome of male carriers of chromosomal abnormalities, who accepted ... more

K.M. Guo; B. Wu; H.B. Wang; R.H. Tian
12/02/2016
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
12/02/2016
Animals; Citalopram; Dementia, Vascular; Disease Models, Animal; Dopamine; Gene Expression Regulation; Hippocampus; Humans; Injections, Intraperitoneal; male; Neurons; Norepinephrine; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A; Serotonin; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors; Treatment outcome

5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5-HT1AR) is closely associated with cognitive functions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can protect individuals from brain damage following ischemia/hypoxia. To investigate the function of SSRIs in vascular dementia (VD), we established a rat model of VD, and observed the effect of SSRIs on the expression of 5-HT1AR mRNA and neurotransmitters. ... more

K. Guo; G. Yin; X.H. Zi; H.X. Zhu; Q. Pan
12/19/2016
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
1/23/2017
Brazil; Chromosome Disorders; Chromosome duplication; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5; Humans; male; Phenotype

Genomic disorders are genetic diseases that are caused by rearrangements of chromosomal material via deletions, duplications, and inversions of unique genomic segments at specific regions. Such rearrangements could result from recurrent non-allelic homologous recombination between low copy repeats. In cases where the breakpoints flank the low copy repeats, deletion of chromosomal segments is ... more

F.G. Reis; I.P. Pinto; L.B. Minasi; A.V. Melo; D.M. da C. Cunha; C.L. Ribeiro; C.C. da Silva; deM. Silva; A.D. da Cruz
2/8/2017
alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
2/16/2017
C-reactive protein; Depressive Disorder; DNA-Binding Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation; Heat Shock Transcription Factors; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; Humans; Interleukins; Ischemic Attack, Transient; male; Middle Aged; NF-kappa B; Stress, Psychological; Transcription factors

The aim of this study was to evaluate dysregulation of gene expression associated with the cellular stress response in a patient with a post-"warning stroke" depressive disorder confirmed by the presence of a neurophysiological neuromarker through the use of quantitative EEG and event-related potentials. The patient was tested for seven genes associated with the stress reaction: HSPA1A, HSPB1 ... more

M. Trystuła; M. Żychowska; M. Wilk-Frańczuk; J.D. Kropotov; M. Pąchalska

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