Research Article

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9/21/2017
Adult; Case-control studies; Coronary artery disease; Female; Humans; male; Mutation, Missense; Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; Polymorphism, Genetic

The coronary arteriosclerotic disease is the most common cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis affects large- and medium-sized arteries leading to severe thrombosis or artery stenosis that could evolve to myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, ischemic injury of kidneys and intestines, and several other life-threatening clinical manifestations. Nitric oxide has been shown to be a promising ... more

A.M. Barbosa; K.S.F. Silva; M.H. Lagares; D.A. Rodrigues; I.R. da Costa; M.P. Morais; J.V.M. Martins; R.S. Mascarenhas; F.L. Campedelli; K.K.V.O. Moura
2017 Sep 21
Adult; Brazil; Case-control studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Female; Gene frequency; Glucose Transporter Type 4; Humans; Interleukin-18; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Whites

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component that has been associated with several genetic loci. Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine, which is involved in the innate and adaptive immune responses, and in the pathogenesis of various diseases including T1D. Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is known to be an insulin-responsive glucose ... more

Y. Al-Lahham; A.K.B. Mendes; E.M. Souza; D. Alberton; F.G.M. Rego; G. Valdameri; G. Picheth
9/27/2017
Acute coronary syndrome; Aged; Case-control studies; Female; Genotype; Heterozygote; Humans; male; Mexico; Middle Aged; Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is considered one of the main causes of death worldwide. Contradictory findings concerning the impact of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on cardiovascular diseases have been reported. Previous conclusions point out that the variability in results depends on ethnicity and genetic polymorphisms to determine the association of rs4340 polymorphisms of the ... more

A. Valdez-Haro; Y. Valle; E. Valdes-Alvarado; F. Casillas-Muñoz; J.F. Muñoz-Valle; G.L. Reynoso-Villalpando; H.E. Flores-Salinas; J.R. Padilla-Gutiérrez
12/02/2016
Administration, Oral; Animals; Bone marrow cells; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Guatemala; Humans; Lymphocytes; male; Mexico; Micronucleus tests; Mutagenicity Tests; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rubus; Sister chromatid exchange; Toxicity Tests, Subchronic

Rubus coriifolius Focke is a wild plant from the Rosaceae family. It grows in both Guatemala and Mexico. The polar extract of the aerial parts of this plant has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-protozoal activities. These properties may explain the traditional use of this plant. In vivo and in vitro assays were used to assess the genotoxic and toxic effects of an ethanol extract of ... more

S. González-Hernández; D. González-Ramírez; M.I. Dávila-Rodríguez; A. Jimenez-Arellanez; M. Meckes-Fischer; S. Said-Fernández; E.I. Cortés-Gutiérrez
12/19/2016
Athletes; Cell Hypoxia; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Endothelial progenitor cells; Exercise; Gene expression; Humans; Lipoproteins; Skiing

In this study, we compared the functional properties of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from halfpipe-snowboarding athletes who train under hyperoxic conditions with those derived from normal subjects who lived under normoxic conditions. Peripheral blood-derived EPCs were isolated from both halfpipe-snowboarding athletes and normal humans. Cellular growth dynamics, lipoprotein ... more

Y.H. Zhao; J.C. Kan; Y.F. Wang; W.J. Guan; Z.Q. Zhu
12/19/2016
3' Untranslated Regions; Animals; Cell differentiation; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Down-regulation; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Microfilament Proteins; MicroRNAs; Muscle development; Muscle Proteins; Myoblasts; Swine

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development and biochemical functions of skeletal muscles. However, targeting of miRNAs to structural genes involved in Z-discs have not been investigated. Here, we describe a highly expressed miRNA, miR-432, in pig embryonic skeletal muscle, which appeared to target myozenin1 (MYOZ1), a protein involved in the muscular sarcomere microstructure. ... more

R.M. Ren; H. Liu; S.H. Zhao; J.H. Cao
3/16/2017
Actins; Apoptosis; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Coculture Techniques; Down-regulation; Hepatic stellate cells; Hepatocyte growth factor; Humans; Mesenchymal stem cells; Paracrine Communication

We investigated the paracrine effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the proliferation, apoptosis, and alpha-actin-2 (ACTA2) expression of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and explored the possible mechanisms of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We established a co-culture system by culturing BMSCs on the upper layer and HSCs on the lower layer of a 6-well Transwell plate. Normal ... more

H.J. Cao; M.D. Wang; S.G. Li; L. Zhu; J.H. Zheng
4/13/2017
Anticarcinogenic Agents; Apoptosis; bcl-2-Associated X Protein; Breast neoplasms; Carotenoids; Cell proliferation; Humans; Lycopene; MCF-7 cells; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

Breast cancer adversely affects the health status of women; therefore, the prevention and treatment of breast cancer is of critical importance. Lycopene is known to possess several biological effects such as removal of free radicals, alleviation of biological oxidative injury, and inhibition of tumor growth. In this study, we aimed to illustrate the effect of lycopene on tumor cell ... more

S.J. Peng; J. Li; Y. Zhou; M. Tuo; X.X. Qin; Q. Yu; H. Cheng; Y.M. Li
5/25/2017
Cell line; Cell proliferation; Epidermal growth factor; Humans; Ki-67 Antigen; Mesangial cells; Vitamin D; Vitamins

Previous studies have found that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)D or VD] exerts many biological effects, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. The goal of our investigation was to explore the effects of 1,25(OH)D on the proliferation of cultured human mesangial cells and their expression of Ki67 in vitro, and ... more

D. Zhao; C.J. Zhang; R. Yang; J.P. Chen; L. Ma; G. Liu; X.P. Yang
5/31/2017
Animals; Carbohydrates; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell proliferation; DNA damage; Food Handling; Food Quality; Food storage; Fruit and Vegetable Juices; Rats; Ultraviolet Rays; Vitamins; Vitis

Integral grape juice is extracted from the grape through processes that allow the retention of their natural composition. However, due to the severity of some processes, fruit juices can undergo changes in their quality. The present study evaluated the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of integral grape juice by a cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus assay in Rattus norvegicus hepatoma cells (HTC) ... more

E. Düsman; I.V. Almeida; E.P. Pinto; L. Lucchetta; V.E.P. Vicentini

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