Research Article

Related GMR Articles

12/02/2016
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
3/22/2017
Animals; Biomarkers; Chickens; China; Female; Genome-wide association study; Haplotypes; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

Reproductive traits have long been studied and have an important influence on chicken breeding. To identify quantitative trait loci affecting reproductive traits, a genome-wide analysis of a Chinese chicken breed was performed to analyze age at first egg body weight at first egg, first egg weight, egg weight at the age of 300 days, egg weight at the age of 462 days, egg number at the age of ... more

Q.C. Fan; P.F. Wu; G.J. Dai; G.X. Zhang; T. Zhang; Q. Xue; H.Q. Shi; J.Y. Wang
3/22/2017
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine; Aberrant Crypt Foci; Animals; Anticarcinogenic Agents; Colorectal neoplasms; Dietary Supplements; DNA damage; Intestinal Mucosa; male; Mice; Probiotics; Yogurt

Colorectal cancer is a global public health issue. Studies have pointed to the protective effect of probiotics on colorectal carcinogenesis. Activia is a lacto probiotic product that is widely consumed all over the world and its beneficial properties are related, mainly, to the lineage of traditional yoghurt bacteria combined with a specific bacillus, DanRegularis, which gives the product a ... more

S.M.A. Limeiras; F.M. Ogo; L.A.L. Genez; C.M. Carreira; E.J.T. Oliveira; L.R. Pessatto; S.C. Neves; J.R. Pesarini; L.C. Schweich; R.A. Silva; W.B. Cantero; A.C.M.B. Antoniolli-Silva; R.J. Oliveira
12/02/2016
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
12/02/2016
Administration, Oral; Animals; Bone marrow cells; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Guatemala; Humans; Lymphocytes; male; Mexico; Micronucleus tests; Mutagenicity Tests; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rubus; Sister chromatid exchange; Toxicity Tests, Subchronic

Rubus coriifolius Focke is a wild plant from the Rosaceae family. It grows in both Guatemala and Mexico. The polar extract of the aerial parts of this plant has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-protozoal activities. These properties may explain the traditional use of this plant. In vivo and in vitro assays were used to assess the genotoxic and toxic effects of an ethanol extract of ... more

S. González-Hernández; D. González-Ramírez; M.I. Dávila-Rodríguez; A. Jimenez-Arellanez; M. Meckes-Fischer; S. Said-Fernández; E.I. Cortés-Gutiérrez
12/02/2016
Animals; Citalopram; Dementia, Vascular; Disease Models, Animal; Dopamine; Gene Expression Regulation; Hippocampus; Humans; Injections, Intraperitoneal; male; Neurons; Norepinephrine; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A; Serotonin; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors; Treatment outcome

5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5-HT1AR) is closely associated with cognitive functions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can protect individuals from brain damage following ischemia/hypoxia. To investigate the function of SSRIs in vascular dementia (VD), we established a rat model of VD, and observed the effect of SSRIs on the expression of 5-HT1AR mRNA and neurotransmitters. ... more

K. Guo; G. Yin; X.H. Zi; H.X. Zhu; Q. Pan
12/19/2016
Animals; Antimutagenic Agents; Antioxidants; Chromosome aberrations; Cyclophosphamide; Fruit; male; Malpighiaceae; Models, Animal; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rats, Wistar

Barbados cherry (BC) (Malpighia glabra Linnaeus) is a functional fruit that is consumed to prevent disease. It is used as an adjuvant in the treatment of several diseases, and acts as an antianemic, an appetite stimulant, a wound healer, an anti-inflammatory, a mineralizer, an antifungal, and an antioxidant agent. Several chemotherapeutic agents, such as cyclophosphamide, may result in ... more

E. Düsman; I.V. Almeida; L.T.D. Tonin; V.E.P. Vicentini
12/19/2016
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
2/8/2017
alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
2/16/2017
Acetylation; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases; Blueberry Plants; Carbon Tetrachloride; Disease Models, Animal; Histones; Liver cirrhosis; Liver Function Tests; male; Plant Extracts; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of blueberry treatment on histone acetylation modification of carbon tetrachloride (CCl)-induced liver disease in rats. Laboratory rats were randomly divided into control, hepatic fibrosis, blueberry treatment, blueberry intervention, and natural recovery groups. Rats in the model groups were treated with CCl administered ... more

W. Zhan; X. Liao; T. Tian; L. Yu; X. Liu; B. Li; J. Liu; B. Han; R.J. Xie; Q.H. Ji; Q. Yang

Pages