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Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

A challenge faced by popcorn breeding programs is the existence of a negative correlation between the two main traits, popping expansion and yield, which hinders simultaneous gains. The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a new variable or super trait, which favors the reliable selection of superior progenies. The super trait 'expanded popcorn volume per hectare' was ... more

A.T. do Amara Junior; D. Santos; I.F.S. Gerhardt; R.N.F. Kurosawa; N.F. Moreira; M.G. Pereira; deA. Gravina; F.H. de L. Silva
Avena; Brazil; Disease resistance; Edible Grain; Fungicides, Industrial; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Selection, Genetic

The State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS) is the largest producer of oat in Brazil with the aid of consolidated breeding programs, which are constantly releasing new cultivars. The main objectives of this study were to: 1) evaluate the annual genetic progress in grain yield and hectoliter weight of the oat cultivars in RS, with and without fungicide use on aerial parts of plants; and 2) evaluate the ... more

D.N. Follmann; C. Filho; A.D. Lúcio; V.Q. de Souza; M. Caraffa; C.A. Wartha
Genetic association studies; Genotype; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Sorghum

Sweet sorghum has emerged as an alternative crop for ethanol yield. The breeding of this crop is performed to obtain cultivars with high ethanol yield, which necessarily requires associating favorable phenotypes for multiple traits. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the association between agro-industrial traits related to ethanol yield and identify the promising genotypes ... more

P.S.S. Leite; T.G. Fagundes; J.A.R. Nunes; R.A.C. Parrella; N.N.L. Durães; A.T. Bruzi
Ascomycota; Brazil; Carica; Crops, Agricultural; Disease resistance; Fruit; Genotype; Hybrid Vigor; Hybridization, Genetic; Inbreeding; Plant breeding; Plant Diseases; Plant Leaves; Reproducibility of Results

Papaya crop is important to Brazilian agribusiness. However, the expansion of papaya cultivation in the country is affected by the absence of commercial cultivars presenting good disease resistance. The black-spot caused by the fungus Asperisporium caricae is the most damaging foliar disease affecting Brazilian papaya crops. The use of genetically resistant cultivars is a promising strategy to ... more

T.P.S. Poltronieri; S.F. Silveira; M. Vivas; S. Catarina; D.F.M. Cortes; A.O.N. Azevedo; M.G. Pereira
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The strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Dutch.), is the only vegetable belonging to the rosacea family. All strawberry species have now emerged from wild species and belong to the genus Fragaria, being that this genus presents more than 45 described species, and only 11 are considered natural species. Due to the octoploid nature of strawberry and its variability after hybridization, selecting one ... more

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Sugarcane breeding programs have been adapting to a new market demand: aside from high sucrose yield per hectare, the sector needs new cultivars with higher fiber percentages. The selection of sugarcane clones based on phenotype alone is a complex task. The selected clones should display high performance in a series of yield- and quality-related traits. Selection indices can provide ... more

A.A.C. de Azeredo; L.L. Bhering; B.P. Brasileiro; C.D. Cruz; L.C.I. Silveira; R.A. Oliveira; J.C.Bespalho Filho; E. Daros
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Doubling method is the technical barriers in maize haploid breeding. It was very important to establish the independent intellectual property rights for doubling method. In this experiment, the maize haploid inducer, TG15, was used for producing maternal haploids. Also, haploids were obtained from two kinds of maternal genotypes involved in the experiment, including high-oil type and common ... more

L. Jiang; X.Y. Yang; X.Y. Li; P.K. Deng; G.X. Jing; X.Q. Wang; Z. Xing; R.G. Zhao
Computers; Fruit; Genetic variation; Genotype; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Psidium; seeds

Digital image analysis of seeds has been used for the identification of cultivars, determination of seed color and mechanical damage, and classification of different seed sizes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of digital image analysis of seeds for the quantification of genetic diversity among genotypes of inbred guava (Psidium guajava L.) families. The SAS Mini ... more

W. Krause; A.P. Viana; N.R. Cavalcante; M. Ambrósio; E.A. Santos; H.D. Vieira
Brazil; Crops, Agricultural; Crosses, Genetic; Genetic variation; Phaseolus; Plant breeding; Selection, Genetic

Common bean producers in Brazil tend to grow plants as upright as possible. Because the control of this trait involves a large number of genes, recurrent selection (RS) is the best approach for successful plant improvement. Because plant architecture (PA) is evaluated using scores and usually has high heritability, RS for PA is performed through visual selection in generation S. The aim of the ... more

L.A. Pereira; A.F.B. Abreu; I.C.Vieira Júnior; L.P.M. Pires; M.A.P. Ramalho
Crosses, Genetic; Edible Grain; Genotyping Techniques; Likelihood Functions; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Probability; Quantitative trait loci; Regression Analysis; Reproducibility of Results; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

Methodologies using restricted maximum likelihood/best linear unbiased prediction (REML/BLUP) in combination with sequential path analysis in maize are still limited in the literature. Therefore, the aims of this study were: i) to use REML/BLUP-based procedures in order to estimate variance components, genetic parameters, and genotypic values of simple maize hybrids, and ii) to fit stepwise ... more

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