Research Article

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Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Child; Child, Preschool; China; Duffy Blood-Group System; Female; Gene frequency; Genotype; Humans; Infant; Kell Blood-Group System; male; Middle Aged; MNSs Blood-Group System; Young Adult

Human blood groups are a significant resource for patients, leading to a fierce international competition in the screening of rare blood groups. Some rare blood group screening programs have been implemented in western countries and Japan, but not particularly in China. Recently, the genetic background of ABO and Rh blood groups for different ethnic groups or regions in China has been focused ... more

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Genetic diversity in crops is essential to make improvements related to superior germplasms. Implementation of molecular markers to identify suitable genotypes speeds up the breeding progress by enhancing selection efficiency. This study was carried out to probe genetic diversity among 21 maize genotypes using 20 inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. We identified a total of 190 ... more

R.W. Muhammad; A. Qayyum; M.Q. Ahmad; A. Hamza; M. Yousaf; B. Ahmad; M. Younas; W. Malik; S. Liaqat; E. Noor
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Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alleles; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; Ethnic groups; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genetic variation; Haplotypes; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Prostatic Neoplasms; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt

AKT1, also known as v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1, is involved in the regulation of cell-survival and anti-apoptotic activities, which may affect the pathogenesis of various cancers. However, the association between genetic variants of AKT1 and the risk of developing prostate cancer has not been investigated before. This study investigated the associations between three ... more

J.M. Liu; S.H. Cheng; C. Xia; T. Deng; Y.C. Zhu; X. Wei; Z.L. Huang; B.H. Liao; D.Y. Luo; Y.G. Zhang; T. Jin; K.J. Wang; J. Huang; H. Li
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Leptin (LEP), a protein that plays a fundamental role in the metabolism of energy reserves, and the solute carrier family 30 A8 zinc transporter (SLC30A8) have been consistently associated with diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes are at moderate risk of developing diabetes type 1 and 2 after pregnancy, in addition to complications to the fetus. We investigated the association of the ... more

A. Teleginski; M. Welter; H.R. Frigeri; R.R. Réa; E.M. Souza; D. Alberton; F.G.M. Rego; G. Picheth
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The aim of this study was to assess the association between the TNFR1 rs2234649 polymorphism and ankylosing spondylitis susceptibility in a Russian Caucasian population. A total of 41 ankylosing spondylitis patients and 43 healthy controls, matched according to age and sex, were enrolled, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the ... more

V. Mordovskii; A. Semenchukov; S.Y. Nikulina; A.B. Salmina; A. Chernova; E. Kapustina; A. Kents; A. Ohapkina; E. Moskaleva; P.E. Maltese; P. Convertini; M. Bertelli
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Adult; Alleles; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-4; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Risk factors

Preeclampsia is a common disease unique to pregnant women, and its development involves many genetics l factors. IL-4 is an important regulatory factor of the Th2 cellular immune response, and plays an important role in the induction of placental growth. In this study, we investigated the relationship between IL-4 C-590T, C+33T and G-1098T polymorphisms and risk of pre-eclampsia in a ... more

J. Chen; M. Zhong; Y.H. Yu
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Adult; Aged; Brazil; Case-control studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Insulin-Secreting Cells; KATP Channels; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying

Insulin secretion is regulated by ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP). The potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11 (KCNJ11) gene, located on chromosome 11p15.1, encodes the subunit Kir6.2 that forms the pore region of KATP channels in pancreatic β-cells. Among the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with KCNJ11, the E23K polymorphism (rs5219) promotes a ... more

S.W. Souza; L.P. Alcazar; P.A. Arakaki; I.C.R. Santos-Weiss; D. Alberton; G. Picheth; F.G.M. Rego
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The gene diversity or expected heterozygosity (H) is based on the allele frequency and is often used as a measure of genetic variability of populations. Knowing the pattern of spatial distribution of H can be useful for determining strategies of conservation and sampling of collections of individuals. In addition, it can allow one to detect genetic boundaries in a landscape. We adapted a ... more

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The use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies provides a great volume of genome sequence data even for non-model species. The development of microsatellite markers using these data is a relatively quick and easy process. Dipteryx alata Vogel (Fabaceae) is an arboreal species from the Cerrado biome and is considered an important plant genetic resource. Here, we report the development ... more

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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor and is involved in several vascular disorders such as hypertension. Its strong interaction with other vasoactive hormone systems suggests that the ET-1 gene (EDN1) is a potential candidate molecule that influences the risk of developing hypertension. Recently, two single nucleotide polymorphisms in EDN1 have been reported to be ... more

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