Research Article

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02/16/2017
Animals; Calcium-Binding Proteins; Calpain; Cattle; Gene frequency; Genetic markers; Genotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Red Meat

The objectives of this study were to characterize the allelic and genotypic frequencies of polymorphisms in the µ-calpain and calpastatin genes, and to assess their association with meat tenderness and animal growth in Nellore cattle. We evaluated 605 Nellore animals at 24 months of age, on average, at slaughter. The polymorphisms were determined for the molecular markers CAPN316, CAPN530, ... more

M.E. Carvalho; J.P. Eler; M.N. Bonin; F.M. Rezende; F.H. Biase; F.V. Meirelles; L.C.A. Regitano; L.L. Coutinho; J.C.C. Balieiro; J.B.S. Ferraz
02/16/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Case-control studies; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interferon-gamma; Introns; male; Middle Aged; Multiple sclerosis; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Young Adult

The present study aims to examine the relationship between polymorphisms in the third intron of the IFN-γ gene and their influence on susceptibility to multiple sclerosis. A population-based case-control study was used for this purpose. Multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls were interviewed. Genetic polymorphisms of IFN-γ intron III at the +2118 A/G and +3586 G/ACT sites were ... more

X.L. Wang; F.R. Meng; X. Wang; S.H. Wang; L. Guo
02/16/2017
Animals; Brazil; Conservation of Natural Resources; Female; Gene frequency; Genotype; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Sexual Behavior, Animal; Turtles

The aim of the present study was to investigate the reproductive behavior of the giant Amazon River turtle (Podocnemis expansa) in the Amazon. This was carried out by estimating the degree of polymorphism in five DNA microsatellites in a sample of 359 hatchlings from 12 nests in the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve in the municipality of Tefé, state of Amazonas, Brazil. An analysis of ... more

C. Fantin; J. Morais; R. Botero-Arias; C. Araújo; C. Camillo; I.P. Farias
02/23/2017
Adult; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-6; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Polymerase chain reaction; Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Risk factors; Young Adult

Preeclampsia is a common condition unique to pregnant women. Previous studies have suggested that several cytokines may contribute to defective placental invasion and endothelial damage in this condition. We investigated the influence of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoters of IL-6 (-572G/C, -597G/A, and -174G/C) and IL-10 (-592A/C) on susceptibility to preeclampsia in ... more

D.M. Fan; Y. Wang; X.L. Liu; A. Zhang; Q. Xu
02/23/2017
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-1beta; Linkage disequilibrium; Odds Ratio; Periodontitis; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk factors

The association between the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) C-511T (or rs16944) polymorphism and periodontitis remains inconclusive, even though there have been previous studies on this association. To assess the effects of IL-1β C-511T variants on the risk of development of periodontitis, a meta-analysis was performed in a single ethnic population. Studies, published up to December 2015, were ... more

H.F. Wang; F.Q. He; C.J. Xu; D.M. Li; X.J. Sun; Y.T. Chi; W. Guo
02/23/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Brazil; Cross-Sectional Studies; Cystathionine beta-Synthase; Epistasis, Genetic; Female; Folic acid; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Heterozygote; Homocysteine; Homozygote; Humans; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2); Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk factors; Thrombophilia; Thrombosis; Vitamin B 12; Young Adult

High plasma homocysteine (Hcy) ​​levels may be responsible for vaso-occlusive episodes and may have acquired and/or genetic causes. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; C677T; A1298C) and cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS; T833C/844ins68, G919A) polymorphisms in serum levels of folic acid, vitamin B12 and Hcy, and to verify a ... more

F.M. Amaral; A.L. Miranda-Vilela; G.S. Lordelo; I.F. Ribeiro; M.B. Daldegan; C.K. Grisolia
2017 Mar 08
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone; Adult; Alleles; ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B; Gene frequency; Genotype; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Hydrocortisone; Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System; Japan; male; Pituitary-Adrenal System; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

In vitro studies have shown that multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) has an affinity for cortisol; however, in vivo association studies on the relationship between MDR1 gene polymorphisms and blood cortisol levels have produced inconsistent results. Therefore, we examined the effects of the C3435T polymorphism of the MDR1 gene on blood levels of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis ... more

A. Suzuki; Y. Matsumoto; T. Shirata; K. Goto; M. Enokido; K. Otani
05/25/2017
Animals; Buffaloes; Female; Fertility; Gene frequency; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Receptors, Melatonin

Buffalo production is spreading globally because of its economic advantage. Then, it has become necessary to improve the reproductive and productive efficiency of these animals, as well as to look for genetic factors that increase this efficiency. The objectives of this study were to characterize the promoter region of the melatonin 1A receptor gene (MTRN1A), to detect possible SNPs and ... more

E.M. Barbosa; B.B. Souza; R.C. Guimarães; L.K.N. Silva; J.S.N. Azevedo; E.C. Gonçalves; H.F.L. Ribeiro; S.T.Rolim Filho; S. Filho
2017 Feb 16
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; Coronary artery disease; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-8; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a mediator of inflammation and plays an important role in regulating immune responses. To date, several studies have tested the association between IL-8 gene polymorphisms and development of coronary artery disease (CAD), but their results have proved to be inconsistent. We conducted an investigation to assess the relationship between the IL-8 -251A/T (rs4073) sequence ... more

R.J. Zhang; X.D. Li; S.W. Zhang; X.H. Li; L. Wu
03/15/2017
Adult; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins; Case-control studies; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Psoriasis; Risk; Sequence Analysis, DNA

Previously, we determined that the CARD11 rs4722404 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) increases risk of early-onset psoriasis vulgaris (PsV). Moreover, the CARD14 gene polymorphism c.C2458T (p.Arg820Trp) is associated with clinical features of this disease. CARMA1/CARD11, CARMA2/CARD14, and CARMA3/CARD10 are conserved across many species and constitute a family of proteins, all of the ... more

G. Shi; M.F. Zhang; P.Y. Liao; T.T. Wang; S.J. Li; Y.M. Fan; K.J. Zhu

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