Research Article

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2016 Dec 02
Animals; Body weight; Cattle; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Models, Biological; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci

This study aimed to investigate the predictability of a phenotype when using a dynamic model of cattle growth. Genotypic and phenotypic information on Nellore (Bos indicus) cattle were used in a genome-wide association analysis designed to contrast the biological interpretation of core parameters [conversion efficiency of metabolizable energy to net energy for gain (k) and adjusted final ... more

M.C. Freua; M.H.A. Santana; R.V. Ventura; J.B.S. Ferraz
2016 Dec 02
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
2017 Mar 22
Abdominal fat; Animals; Body weight; Bone Density; Chickens; Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit; Femur; Genetic association studies; meat; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; RANK Ligand; Selection, Genetic

Intense selection for production traits has improved the genetic gain of important economic traits. However, selection for performance and carcass traits has led to the onset of locomotors problems and decreasing bone strength in broilers. Thus, genes associated with bone integrity traits have become candidates for genetic studies in order to reduce the impact of bone disorders in broilers. ... more

N.V. Grupioni; N.B. Stafuzza; A.B. Carvajal; A.M.G. Ibelli; J.O. Peixoto; M.C. Ledur; D.P. Munari
2017 Jul 06
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Body weight; Cattle; Female; male; maternal inheritance; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selective breeding

This study was carried out to investigate (co)variance components and genetic parameters for growth traits in beef cattle using a multi-trait model by Bayesian methods. Genetic and residual (co)variances and parameters were estimated for weights at standard ages of 120 (W120), 210 (W210), 365 (W365), and 450 days (W450), and for pre- and post-weaning daily weight gain (preWWG and postWWG) in ... more

F.B. Lopes; J.L. Ferreira; R.B. Lobo; G.J.M. Rosa
2017 May 10
Adipose tissue; Animals; Antioxidants; Body weight; Camellia sinensis; Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; Chronotherapy; Circadian rhythm; Diet; Eating; Female; Homeostasis; Lipid metabolism; Liver; Liver X Receptors; Mice; Ovary; Oxidation-Reduction; Plant Extracts; Tea

Biological rhythms can be defined as changes in physiological or behavioral variables that repeat at certain time intervals. Rhythms that last approximately 24 h are referred to as circadian rhythms. Modern lifestyles have drastically affected human habits, as well as the population's eating habits. These changes have generated an epidemic of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and diabetes. ... more

R.P. Amorim; I.P. Daher; F.P.D. Arcangelo; M.F. Bellini; W.A. Orcini; G.R. Sarria; R.L. Peruquetti
2016 Dec 02
Animals; Avian Proteins; Chickens; Female; Genetic association studies; Genotype; Insulin-like growth factor I; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational; Quantitative trait loci; Reproduction; Selection, Genetic

The insulin-like growth factor, IGF-I, plays an important role in the development of growth and reproductive traits. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis was used to detect and analyze polymorphisms and expression profiles of the IGF-I gene and its association with growth and reproductive traits of Jinghai yellow chickens. A point mutation g.295T>C was detected in the IGF-I gene ... more

M.A. Abdalhag; T. Li; L. Duan; T. Zhang; G. Zhang; J. Wang; Y. Wang
2017 Mar 22
Animals; Biomarkers; Chickens; China; Female; Genome-wide association study; Haplotypes; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

Reproductive traits have long been studied and have an important influence on chicken breeding. To identify quantitative trait loci affecting reproductive traits, a genome-wide analysis of a Chinese chicken breed was performed to analyze age at first egg body weight at first egg, first egg weight, egg weight at the age of 300 days, egg weight at the age of 462 days, egg number at the age of ... more

Q.C. Fan; P.F. Wu; G.J. Dai; G.X. Zhang; T. Zhang; Q. Xue; H.Q. Shi; J.Y. Wang
2017 Apr 13
Animals; Body composition; Body size; Breeding; Cattle; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

In arid and semi-arid zones, animal health and production are closely correlated with body conformation traits. These selected traits, in turn, allow livestock to adapt unfavorable soil and environmental conditions. The primary objective of this study was to perform a genome-wide association analysis for a set of sampled and imputed SNPs with 16 conformation traits in a population of Holstein ... more

M.E. González; V.M. González; M.F. Montaño; G.E. Medina; P. Mahadevan; C. Villa; R. Villa
2017 Jun 29
Animals; Cattle; Female; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Lactation; Longevity; Milk; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

In this study, we estimated the genetic parameters and identified the putative quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with the length of productive life (LPL), days open (DO), and 305-day milk yield for the first lactation (FM305) of crossbred Holstein dairy cattle. Data comprising 4,739 records collected between 1986 and 2004 were used to estimate the variance-covariance components using ... more

P. Saowaphak; M. Duangjinda; S. Plaengkaeo; R. Suwannasing; W. Boonkum
2017 Sep 21
Animals; Chromosomes; Female; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Karyotype; Liver; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Transcriptome; Turtles

Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis has been an important aquaculture species in Southeast Asian countries. To breed a new variety of soft-shelled turtle with excellent properties and to evaluate the effect of hybridization of two turtle strains with a highly different trait phenotype, inheritance, microsatellite loci, and transcriptome analysis were studied in the hybrid turtles ... more

H.Q. Zhang; X.J. Xu; Z.Y. He; J.Z. Shao; X.H. Zhang; Q.H. Meng; F.Y. Huang