Research Article

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Leptin (LEP), a protein that plays a fundamental role in the metabolism of energy reserves, and the solute carrier family 30 A8 zinc transporter (SLC30A8) have been consistently associated with diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes are at moderate risk of developing diabetes type 1 and 2 after pregnancy, in addition to complications to the fetus. We investigated the association of the ... more

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Adult; Alleles; Asians; Case-control studies; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-4; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Risk factors

Preeclampsia is a common disease unique to pregnant women, and its development involves many genetics l factors. IL-4 is an important regulatory factor of the Th2 cellular immune response, and plays an important role in the induction of placental growth. In this study, we investigated the relationship between IL-4 C-590T, C+33T and G-1098T polymorphisms and risk of pre-eclampsia in a ... more

J. Chen; M. Zhong; Y.H. Yu
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Adult; Aged; Brazil; Case-control studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Insulin-Secreting Cells; KATP Channels; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying; Whites

Insulin secretion is regulated by ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP). The potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11 (KCNJ11) gene, located on chromosome 11p15.1, encodes the subunit Kir6.2 that forms the pore region of KATP channels in pancreatic β-cells. Among the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with KCNJ11, the E23K polymorphism (rs5219) promotes a ... more

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In this study, we investigated the association between ACTN3 R577X polymorphism and non-acute ankle sprain by measuring the allele frequency and genotype distribution of ACTN3 in a Chinese Han population. We recruited 100 patients with non-acute ankle sprain and 100 healthy controls with no history of ankle injuries. Mass spectrometric analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism was used to ... more

B. Qi; J.Q. Liu; G.L. Liu
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Brazil; Cystic fibrosis; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator; Early Diagnosis; Gene flow; Gene frequency; Genetic counseling; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Mutation; Whites

The ΔF508 mutation is the most common cause of cystic fibrosis and its prevalence varies worldwide. For instance, up to 20-fold variations in its frequency have been recorded across different areas of Brazil. This study aimed to compare the distribution of ΔF508 among healthy individuals of admixed Portuguese descent from Espírito Santo (ES), a state in Southeastern Brazil, to that in a ... more

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The present study aims to examine the relationship between polymorphisms in the third intron of the IFN-γ gene and their influence on susceptibility to multiple sclerosis. A population-based case-control study was used for this purpose. Multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls were interviewed. Genetic polymorphisms of IFN-γ intron III at the +2118 A/G and +3586 G/ACT sites were ... more

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Asians; Case-control studies; Coronary artery disease; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-8; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a mediator of inflammation and plays an important role in regulating immune responses. To date, several studies have tested the association between IL-8 gene polymorphisms and development of coronary artery disease (CAD), but their results have proved to be inconsistent. We conducted an investigation to assess the relationship between the IL-8 -251A/T (rs4073) sequence ... more

R.J. Zhang; X.D. Li; S.W. Zhang; X.H. Li; L. Wu
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Adult; Asians; CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins; Case-control studies; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Psoriasis; Risk; Sequence Analysis, DNA

Previously, we determined that the CARD11 rs4722404 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) increases risk of early-onset psoriasis vulgaris (PsV). Moreover, the CARD14 gene polymorphism c.C2458T (p.Arg820Trp) is associated with clinical features of this disease. CARMA1/CARD11, CARMA2/CARD14, and CARMA3/CARD10 are conserved across many species and constitute a family of proteins, all of the ... more

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Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alleles; Asians; Case-control studies; Ethnicity; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genetic variation; Haplotypes; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Prostatic Neoplasms; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt

AKT1, also known as v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1, is involved in the regulation of cell-survival and anti-apoptotic activities, which may affect the pathogenesis of various cancers. However, the association between genetic variants of AKT1 and the risk of developing prostate cancer has not been investigated before. This study investigated the associations between three ... more

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Alleles; Amelogenin; Asians; China; Chromosomes, Human, X; Chromosomes, Human, Y; DNA fingerprinting; Ethnicity; Female; Forensic genetics; Gene frequency; Genetics, Population; Haplotypes; Humans; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Paternity; Polymorphism, Genetic

The sex-linked short tandem repeats (STR), Y-STR and X-STR, are important for autosomal STRs in forensic paternity testing. We evaluated the forensic parameters of 19 Y-STRs and 16 X-STRs in the Han population of Shandong province, China. A Goldeneye 20Y kit (DYS391, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS348, DYS456, Y-GATA-H4, DYS447, DYS19, DYS392, DYS393, DYS388, DYS439, DYS635, DYS448, DYS460, ... more

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