Research Article

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Animals; Aphids; Biological evolution; Genetic variation; Hemiptera; Parthenogenesis; Photoperiod; Reproduction, Asexual; RNA; Transcriptome

Chinese galls form on sumac plants (Rhus chinensis) and are used for medicinal and chemical purposes, due to their richness in tannins. The galls are formed by aphids, the most prominent of which is Schlechtendalia chinensis, which forms horn-shaped galls on the winged rachis of R. chinensis. S. chinensis has a complex life cycle, including both R. chinensis and certain mosses as hosts, as ... more

P. Liu; Z.X. Yang; X.M. Chen; P. Yang
Alleles; Animals; Expressed sequence tags; Genetic markers; Heterozygote; Microsatellite Repeats; Perciformes; Polymorphism, Genetic; Transcriptome

Expressed sequence tags (ETSs) are the sources of microsatellite development. In this study, we isolated and characterized microsatellite markers for Odontobutis potamophila by using Illumina RNA-sequencing. We sequenced a large number of ESTs and screened 200 potential microsatellites. Consequently, a total of 56 novel polymorphic microsatellite repeat markers were identified in thirty-two ... more

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Droughts; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Osmotic pressure; Plant Leaves; Saccharum; Transcriptome

Sugarcane production is strongly influenced by drought, which is a limiting factor for agricultural productivity in the world. In this study, the gene expression profiles obtained by de novo assembly of the leaf transcriptome of two sugarcane cultivars that differ in their physiological response to water deficit were evaluated by the RNA-Seq method: drought-tolerant cultivar (SP81-3250) and ... more

A.A. Belesini; F.M.S. Carvalho; B.R. Telles; G.M. de Castro; P.F. Giachetto; J.S. Vantini; S.D. Carlin; J.O. Cazetta; D.G. Pinheiro; M.I.T. Ferro
Animals; Chromosomes; Female; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Karyotype; Liver; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Transcriptome; Turtles

Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis has been an important aquaculture species in Southeast Asian countries. To breed a new variety of soft-shelled turtle with excellent properties and to evaluate the effect of hybridization of two turtle strains with a highly different trait phenotype, inheritance, microsatellite loci, and transcriptome analysis were studied in the hybrid turtles ... more

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The butterflies are one of the insect groups which undergo typical complete metamorphosis in their life history. However, up to now, little is known about the genomic mechanism that regulates the butterfly metamorphosis. In this study, using a swallowtail butterfly P. polytes as a model organism, a high-throughput sequencing platform was employed to perform the ... more

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Allium species; Chinese chive; SSR marker; Transcriptome; Transferability

Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spr.) is an important vegetable crop. However, genetic and breeding studies of the species have been restricted by the lack of simple sequence repeat markers (SSRs). In the present study, a total of 2553 Chinese chive SSRs were developed from the species’ transcriptome, with 626, 643, and 536 of the makers located in ... more

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Magnaporthe oryzae; Oryza sativa; Transcriptome; Weighted gene co-expression network; WGCNA

Rice blast disease is a major threat to rice production worldwide; the causative pathogenic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae induces rice (Oryza sativa) plants to undergo molecular changes that help them to circumvent this fungal attack. Transcriptome studies have demonstrated that many genes are involved in the defense response of rice to M. oryzae ... more

R. Bevitori; S. Sircar; R.N. de Mello; R.C. Togawa; M.V.C.B. Côrtes; T.S. Oliveira; M.F. Grossi-de-Sá; N. Parekh
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Cervical cancer is a life-threatening condition. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can promote or inhibit cell death and proliferation. The present study investigated the effect of miRNA 421 on the growth and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. miRNA 421 and control miRNA were synthesized and transfected into c-33a cervical cancer cells. A thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide assay, caspase-3 activity, and ... more

X.J. Lai; X.Y. Cheng; L.D. Hu
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Child; Chromosome Deletion; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2; Fingers; Heart Defects, Congenital; Hedgehog Proteins; Humans; Karyotype; male; Syndactyly; Waardenburg Syndrome

Reports of terminal and interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 2 are rare in the literature. Here, we present a case report concerning a Chinese boy with a 47,XYY karyotype and a de novo deletion comprising approximately 5 Mb between 2q35 and q36.1, along with syndactyly, type III Waardenburg syndrome, and congenital heart disease. High-resolution chromosome analysis to detect ... more

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Adult; Alanine; Arginine; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Glutamine; Humans; Leucine; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Regression Analysis; Superoxide dismutase; Threonine

The most common type of endocrine disease is type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); genetic factors contribute to the development to T2DM. In this study, we investigated the role of the Leu53Leu, Arg213Gly, and Ala40Thr polymorphisms in extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) gene in the development of T2DM in a Chinese population. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples obtained from ... more

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