Research Article

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2016 Dec 02
Animals; Citalopram; Dementia, Vascular; Disease Models, Animal; Dopamine; Gene Expression Regulation; Hippocampus; Humans; Injections, Intraperitoneal; male; Neurons; Norepinephrine; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A; Serotonin; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors; Treatment outcome

5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5-HT1AR) is closely associated with cognitive functions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can protect individuals from brain damage following ischemia/hypoxia. To investigate the function of SSRIs in vascular dementia (VD), we established a rat model of VD, and observed the effect of SSRIs on the expression of 5-HT1AR mRNA and neurotransmitters. ... more

K. Guo; G. Yin; X.H. Zi; H.X. Zhu; Q. Pan
2017 Feb 16
Acetylation; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases; Blueberry Plants; Carbon Tetrachloride; Disease Models, Animal; Histones; Liver cirrhosis; Liver Function Tests; male; Plant Extracts; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of blueberry treatment on histone acetylation modification of carbon tetrachloride (CCl)-induced liver disease in rats. Laboratory rats were randomly divided into control, hepatic fibrosis, blueberry treatment, blueberry intervention, and natural recovery groups. Rats in the model groups were treated with CCl administered ... more

W. Zhan; X. Liao; T. Tian; L. Yu; X. Liu; B. Li; J. Liu; B. Han; R.J. Xie; Q.H. Ji; Q. Yang
2017 Feb 08
alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
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Adolescent; Blood glucose; Case-control studies; Child; Female; Ghrelin; Humans; Insulin resistance; Lipoproteins; male; Obesity; Triglycerides

Childhood obesity is a serious public health concern condition, as excess body fat can negatively affect a child's health. Obestatin is a hormone that regulates body weight by suppressing appetite and reducing food intake; fasting obestatin level is negatively correlated with basal insulin level. This study aims to investigate the role of obestatin in insulin resistance. A total of 54 children ... more

M.Y. Zhang; F. Li; J.P. Wang
2016 Dec 02
Administration, Oral; Animals; Bone marrow cells; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Guatemala; Humans; Lymphocytes; male; Mexico; Micronucleus tests; Mutagenicity Tests; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rubus; Sister chromatid exchange; Toxicity Tests, Subchronic

Rubus coriifolius Focke is a wild plant from the Rosaceae family. It grows in both Guatemala and Mexico. The polar extract of the aerial parts of this plant has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-protozoal activities. These properties may explain the traditional use of this plant. In vivo and in vitro assays were used to assess the genotoxic and toxic effects of an ethanol extract of ... more

S. González-Hernández; D. González-Ramírez; M.I. Dávila-Rodríguez; A. Jimenez-Arellanez; M. Meckes-Fischer; S. Said-Fernández; E.I. Cortés-Gutiérrez
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Antimutagenic Agents; Antioxidants; Chromosome aberrations; Cyclophosphamide; Fruit; male; Malpighiaceae; Models, Animal; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rats, Wistar

Barbados cherry (BC) (Malpighia glabra Linnaeus) is a functional fruit that is consumed to prevent disease. It is used as an adjuvant in the treatment of several diseases, and acts as an antianemic, an appetite stimulant, a wound healer, an anti-inflammatory, a mineralizer, an antifungal, and an antioxidant agent. Several chemotherapeutic agents, such as cyclophosphamide, may result in ... more

E. Düsman; I.V. Almeida; L.T.D. Tonin; V.E.P. Vicentini
2017 Mar 22
Animals; Cryopreservation; Disease Models, Animal; Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor; Interleukin-10; male; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Neuroprotective Agents; Rats; Rats, Inbred Lew; Regenerative medicine; Spinal Cord Injuries; Transforming Growth Factor beta; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A

This study aimed to evaluate the immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects of allogeneic and cryopreserved mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on spinal cord injury. A total of 120 rats were distributed into the following groups: negative control (NC) - without injury, positive control (PC) - with injury without treatment, and group treated with MSC (GMSC) - with injury and treated. Motor ... more

I.R. Rosado; P.H. Carvalho; E.G.L. Alves; T.M. Tagushi; J.L. Carvalho; J.F. Silva; M.S.L. Lavor; K.M. Oliveira; R. Serakides; A.M. Goes; E.G. Melo
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Brazil; Carrageenan; Cell Movement; Disease Models, Animal; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Edema; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Gene Expression Regulation; Leukocytes; male; Mangifera; Medicine, Traditional; Mice; Oils, Volatile; Peroxidase; Plant Leaves; Plant Oils; Rats

Mangifera indica is widely found in Brazil, and its leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. The aim of this study is to perform composition analysis of essential oils from the M. indica varieties, espada (EOMIL1) and coração de boi (EOMIL2), and confirm their anti-inflammatory properties. Twenty-three volatile compounds were identified via gas chromatography-mass ... more

R.M. Oliveira; T.S. Dutra; E. Simionatto; N. Ré; C.A.L. Kassuya; C.A.L. Cardoso
2017 Sep 21
Animals; Chromosomes; Female; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Karyotype; Liver; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Transcriptome; Turtles

Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis has been an important aquaculture species in Southeast Asian countries. To breed a new variety of soft-shelled turtle with excellent properties and to evaluate the effect of hybridization of two turtle strains with a highly different trait phenotype, inheritance, microsatellite loci, and transcriptome analysis were studied in the hybrid turtles ... more

H.Q. Zhang; X.J. Xu; Z.Y. He; J.Z. Shao; X.H. Zhang; Q.H. Meng; F.Y. Huang
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Amaranthaceae; Animals; Antimutagenic Agents; Bone marrow cells; Chromosome aberrations; Cyclophosphamide; Female; Ginkgo biloba; male; Plant Extracts; Plants, Medicinal; Rats; Rats, Wistar

Complementary and alternative therapies, including the use of medicinal plants, have become almost standard among the world's population. Pfaffia glomerata (PG), popularly known as Brazilian ginseng, is widely used as a restorer of vital functions, increasing mental balance, and is used for the treatment of diabetes and rheumatism. Ginkgo biloba (GB) is one of the oldest known gymnosperms, ... more

I.V. Almeida; E. Düsman; G.I. Mattge; F. Toledo; A.F. Reusing; V.E.P. Vicentini

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