Research Article

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04/05/2017
Chromosomes, Plant; DNA methylation; DNA, Plant; Epigenesis, Genetic; Evolution, Molecular; Genetic variation; Genome, Plant; Microsatellite Repeats; Polyploidy; Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique; Triticum

We used the conventional and methylation-sensitive randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analyses to assess genome-wide changes and explore the relationships between genetic and epigenetic variations among individuals of a newly synthesized allohexaploid wheat line whose genomic constitution is identical to that of the natural common wheat, compared ... more

T. Qiu; Y.Z. Dong; X.M. Yu; N. Zhao; Y.F. Yang
02/16/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Case-control studies; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interferon-gamma; Introns; male; Middle Aged; Multiple sclerosis; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Young Adult

The present study aims to examine the relationship between polymorphisms in the third intron of the IFN-γ gene and their influence on susceptibility to multiple sclerosis. A population-based case-control study was used for this purpose. Multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls were interviewed. Genetic polymorphisms of IFN-γ intron III at the +2118 A/G and +3586 G/ACT sites were ... more

X.L. Wang; F.R. Meng; X. Wang; S.H. Wang; L. Guo
02/23/2017
Adult; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-6; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Polymerase chain reaction; Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Risk factors; Young Adult

Preeclampsia is a common condition unique to pregnant women. Previous studies have suggested that several cytokines may contribute to defective placental invasion and endothelial damage in this condition. We investigated the influence of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoters of IL-6 (-572G/C, -597G/A, and -174G/C) and IL-10 (-592A/C) on susceptibility to preeclampsia in ... more

D.M. Fan; Y. Wang; X.L. Liu; A. Zhang; Q. Xu
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Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-1beta; Linkage disequilibrium; Odds Ratio; Periodontitis; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk factors

The association between the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) C-511T (or rs16944) polymorphism and periodontitis remains inconclusive, even though there have been previous studies on this association. To assess the effects of IL-1β C-511T variants on the risk of development of periodontitis, a meta-analysis was performed in a single ethnic population. Studies, published up to December 2015, were ... more

H.F. Wang; F.Q. He; C.J. Xu; D.M. Li; X.J. Sun; Y.T. Chi; W. Guo
02/23/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Brazil; Cross-Sectional Studies; Cystathionine beta-Synthase; Epistasis, Genetic; Female; Folic acid; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Heterozygote; Homocysteine; Homozygote; Humans; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2); Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk factors; Thrombophilia; Thrombosis; Vitamin B 12; Young Adult

High plasma homocysteine (Hcy) ​​levels may be responsible for vaso-occlusive episodes and may have acquired and/or genetic causes. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; C677T; A1298C) and cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS; T833C/844ins68, G919A) polymorphisms in serum levels of folic acid, vitamin B12 and Hcy, and to verify a ... more

F.M. Amaral; A.L. Miranda-Vilela; G.S. Lordelo; I.F. Ribeiro; M.B. Daldegan; C.K. Grisolia
03/15/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Child; Child, Preschool; China; Duffy Blood-Group System; Female; Gene frequency; Genotype; Humans; Infant; Kell Blood-Group System; male; Middle Aged; MNSs Blood-Group System; Young Adult

Human blood groups are a significant resource for patients, leading to a fierce international competition in the screening of rare blood groups. Some rare blood group screening programs have been implemented in western countries and Japan, but not particularly in China. Recently, the genetic background of ABO and Rh blood groups for different ethnic groups or regions in China has been focused ... more

G.Y. Lin; X.L. Du; J.J. Shan; Y.N. Zhang; Y.Q. Zhang; Q.H. Wang
03/30/2017
Adult; Alleles; Brazil; Carrier Proteins; Case-control studies; Cation Transport Proteins; Diabetes, Gestational; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Leptin; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pregnancy

Leptin (LEP), a protein that plays a fundamental role in the metabolism of energy reserves, and the solute carrier family 30 A8 zinc transporter (SLC30A8) have been consistently associated with diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes are at moderate risk of developing diabetes type 1 and 2 after pregnancy, in addition to complications to the fetus. We investigated the association of the ... more

A. Teleginski; M. Welter; H.R. Frigeri; R.R. Réa; E.M. Souza; D. Alberton; F.G.M. Rego; G. Picheth
03/30/2017
Adult; Alleles; Case-control studies; European Continental Ancestry Group; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Pilot Projects; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I; Russia; Spondylitis, Ankylosing

The aim of this study was to assess the association between the TNFR1 rs2234649 polymorphism and ankylosing spondylitis susceptibility in a Russian Caucasian population. A total of 41 ankylosing spondylitis patients and 43 healthy controls, matched according to age and sex, were enrolled, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the ... more

V. Mordovskii; A. Semenchukov; S.Y. Nikulina; A.B. Salmina; A. Chernova; E. Kapustina; A. Kents; A. Ohapkina; E. Moskaleva; P.E. Maltese; P. Convertini; M. Bertelli
04/05/2017
Adult; Alleles; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-4; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Risk factors

Preeclampsia is a common disease unique to pregnant women, and its development involves many genetics l factors. IL-4 is an important regulatory factor of the Th2 cellular immune response, and plays an important role in the induction of placental growth. In this study, we investigated the relationship between IL-4 C-590T, C+33T and G-1098T polymorphisms and risk of pre-eclampsia in a ... more

J. Chen; M. Zhong; Y.H. Yu
2017 Apr 05
Alleles; Brazil; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Haplotypes; Humans; Huntingtin Protein; Huntington Disease; Mutation; Trinucleotide repeat expansion

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dynamic mutation due to the expansion of CAG repeats in the HTT gene (4p16.3). The considered normal alleles have less than 27 CAG repeats. Intermediate alleles (IAs) show 27 to 35 CAG repeats and expanded alleles have more than 35 repeats. The IAs apparently have shown a normal phenotype. ... more

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