Research Article

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04/13/2017
Animals; Bone morphogenetic protein 2; Genetic Therapy; Humans; Mandible; Osteogenesis, Distraction; Rabbits; Transforming Growth Factor beta1; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily, and plays an important role in promoting various stages of intramembranous and endochondral bone formation. It is one of the major growth factors that influence new bone formation in the distraction gap during distraction osteogenesis (DO). The major problem of DO is the time required for the treatment. Reports show ... more

M.K. Xie; C.B. Hu; B. Zhou; G.P. Wu
02/16/2017
Adipose tissue; Animals; Bone morphogenetic protein 2; Cell differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Collagen type I; Osteoblasts; Osteocalcin; Osteogenesis; Polyethyleneimine; Rabbits; Stem cells; Tissue engineering; Transfection

The aim of this study was to examine the efficiency of polyethylenimine-mediated transfection of the human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) gene into rabbit adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), and its effect on osteoblast differentiation. Adipose tissue was isolated from the necks of adult Japanese white rabbits and cultured in vitro to obtain ADSCs. Gene delivery of BMP-2 was mediated by ... more

Q.F. Wang; Y. Huang; G.C. He; H.S. Wang; Z.H. Chen; X.H. Cai; Y.H. Xie; Q. Liu
2017 Mar 15
Adult; Biomarkers; Case-control studies; Cells, Cultured; Chelating Agents; Combined Modality Therapy; Female; Hepatolenticular Degeneration; Humans; Liver; Liver cirrhosis; male; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Penicillamine; Transforming Growth Factor beta1; Treatment outcome; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Young Adult

The efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) on liver fibrosis in animal has been proven, but a few studies have been made in human body and few such researches in China. This study was designed to investigate the effect of BMSC treatment on hepatic fibrosis induced by hepatolenticular degeneration and the influence on serological indicators. Sixty patients with liver fibrosis ... more

D. Zhang
02/16/2017
Alzheimer disease; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Cytokines; Disease Models, Animal; Gene Expression Regulation; Hippocampus; Humans; Maze Learning; Mice; MicroRNAs; Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, and is the most common type of dementia in the elderly population. Growing evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in neuroinflammation associated with AD progression. In this study, we analyzed the expression of microRNA-139 (miR-139) as well as the learning and memory function in AD. We observed that the miR-139 ... more

Y. Tang; J.S. Bao; J.H. Su; W. Huang
03/08/2017
Adult; Aged; Cytokines; Endothelial cells; Female; Fibroblasts; Humans; Macrophages; male; Mast Cells; Middle Aged; Periapical Diseases; Periapical Granuloma; Periapical Tissue; Radicular Cyst; Stem Cell Factor

Stem cell factor (SCF), an important stem cell cytokine, has multiple functions. Fibroblasts (FBs), mature mast cells, endothelial cells (ECs), and eosinophil granulocytes can produce SCF in the inflammatory process. Therefore, we aimed to observe SCF expression in FBs, ECs, and macrophages (MPs) in periapical tissues in human chronic periapical disease and investigate the effects of cells ... more

S.Q. Shen; R. Wang; S.G. Huang
03/16/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; Cytokines; Female; Humans; Interferon-gamma; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-4; male; Prognosis; Severity of Illness Index; Spondylitis, Ankylosing; Th1 Cells; Th2 cells; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Young Adult

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a progressive disease of the spine, manifests as peripheral arthritis with tendon and ligament inflammation that restricts activity. AS is a rheumatoid autoimmune disease although the rheumatoid factor is absent in patients with AS. It is characterized by inflammatory changes such as elevated levels of serum inflammatory factors. The roles of Th1 and Th2 cytokines ... more

J.T. Wen; D.H. Zhang; P.F. Fang; M.H. Li; R.J. Wang; S.H. Li
02/08/2017
Animals; DNA damage; DNA Fragmentation; Female; Ferric Compounds; Humans; Lipid peroxidation; Lymphocytes; Metal Nanoparticles; Oxidative stress; Rats; Reactive oxygen species; Silicon Dioxide

At present, the use of nanoparticles is a controversial topic, especially when analyzing their effects in human tissues. Nanoparticles (NPs) can cause oxidative stress by increasing membrane lipids peroxidation and reactive oxygen species, and decreasing intracellular glutathione. Oxidative stress plays an important role in cell signaling and inflammatory responses. It can result in ... more

J. Jiménez-Villarreal; D.I. Rivas-Armendáriz; R.D.Arellano Pérez-Vertti; O. Calderón; R. García-Garza; N.D. Betancourt-Martínez; L.B. Serrano-Gallardo; J. Morán-Martínez
05/10/2017
Aged; Biomarkers, Tumor; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Cell Adhesion Molecule-1; Cell Adhesion Molecules; Esophageal Neoplasms; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Humans; Immunoglobulins; male; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Metastasis; RNA, Messenger; Up-Regulation

The mRNA expression of cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) and its clinicopathological significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues were investigated. CADM1 mRNA and protein expression were detected in tissue samples from 50 patients with ESCC by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and streptavidin-peroxidase (SP) immunohistochemistry; adjacent tissues ... more

J.B. Qian; H.B. Liu; Y. Zhu; F. Lu; Q.C. Yang; Y. Shen
07/03/2017
Adult; Animals; Case-control studies; Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus; Female; Humans; Interleukin-18; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial; Thailand

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes, which is naturally triggered by aeroallergens. House dust mites (HDM) are the most common inhalant allergens. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has been established as an essential cytokine that can activate the generation of IgE. This randomized controlled study aimed to identify the possible relationship of the genetic ... more

A. Tungtrongchitr; J. Jumpasri; N. Sookrung; N. Visitsunthorn; P. Tantilipikorn; O. Piboonpocanan; N. Indrawattana; R. Tungtrongchitr; W. Chaicumpa
01/23/2017
Animals; Cognition Disorders; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Hippocampus; HIV Envelope Protein gp120; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Maze Learning; Rats; Receptors, Purinergic P2X7

To investigate the role of the P2X receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer ... more

Y. Liu; G.Q. Chen; B.Y. Liu; Q. Chen; Y.M. Qian; S.S. Qin; C.L. Liu; C.S. Xu

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