Research Article

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2017 Jan 23
Gene expression; Genes, Plant; Genetic Vectors; Ginsenosides; Panax; Plants, Genetically Modified; Transformation, Genetic

Panax japonicus C.A. Meyer, a perennial herb belonging to the Araliaceae ginseng genus, is one of the seven rare and endangered Chinese medical herbs. By cloning the SS segment, the expression vectors pCXSN-PjSS and pCXSN-antiPjSS were constructed and introduced into Agrobactria LBA4404, which is used for engineering bacteria. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed that the PjSS, antiPjSS, and ... more

L. Zhang; T.T. Wang
2017 Feb 08
Chitinases; Cloning, Molecular; Cucurbitaceae; Gene expression; Penicillium; Plant Proteins; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Time Factors

Chitinases are important disease-related proteins that play critical roles in plant defense against disease. To investigate the function of chitinases in the resistance of Hami melon to Penicillium infection, the gene encoding chitinases, HmCHT-2, was cloned and RT-PCR was used to measure expression levels of HmCHT-2. When the Hami melon was infected by Penicillium sp after 0, 12, 36, 48, 60, ... more

F.Y. Jiang; B.B. Shui; F.X. Tang; C.H. Shan
2017 Feb 08
Breast neoplasms; Female; Gene expression; Humans; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Neoplasm Metastasis; Neoplasm Proteins; Neoplasm Staging; Prognosis

Migration and invasion enhancer 1 (MIEN1) is a membrane-anchored protein that is highly expressed in various types of cancer, and is correlated with the PI3K/AKT pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of MIEN1 and its clinical pathological significance in breast cancer. We used immunohistochemical staining to examine the expression of MIEN1 in 40 samples of human ... more

H.B. Zhao; X.F. Zhang; H.B. Wang; M.Z. Zhang
2017 Feb 16
Caco-2 Cells; Cell Line, Tumor; Colonic Neoplasms; Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter 1; Equilibrative-Nucleoside Transporter 2; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; HCT116 Cells; Humans; Neoplasm Metastasis

Human equilibrative nucleoside transporters (hENT) 1 and 2, encoded by SLC29A1 and SLC29A2, permit the bidirectional passage of nucleoside analogues into cells and may correlate with clinical responses to chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression profiles of SLC29A1 and SLC29A2 in human cancer cell lines. Using quantitative ... more

Y. Liu; T. Zuo; X. Zhu; N. Ahuja; T. Fu
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Cattle; Embryo Culture Techniques; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; GRB10 Adaptor Protein; Point mutation; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Superovulation

The application of assisted reproductive technology in animal production benefits the economy and conservation of biological resources. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) was used as predictive markers for breeding and reproduction. In the present study, we examined the association between a SNP of the grb10 gene and superovulation traits in cattle. Sequencing results indicated a point ... more

Y. Wu; Z. Zhang; J.B. Zhang; Q. Deng
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
2016 Dec 19
3' Untranslated Regions; Animals; Cell differentiation; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Down-regulation; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Microfilament Proteins; MicroRNAs; Muscle development; Muscle Proteins; Myoblasts; Swine

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development and biochemical functions of skeletal muscles. However, targeting of miRNAs to structural genes involved in Z-discs have not been investigated. Here, we describe a highly expressed miRNA, miR-432, in pig embryonic skeletal muscle, which appeared to target myozenin1 (MYOZ1), a protein involved in the muscular sarcomere microstructure. ... more

R.M. Ren; H. Liu; S.H. Zhao; J.H. Cao
2017 Mar 16
Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cation Transport Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Immunity, Innate; Sus scrofa; Swine; Tissue distribution; Weaning

Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein gene 1 (Nramp1) plays an important role in the innate immune response of swine, and is believed to influence disease resistance. In this study, a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction technique was used to investigate Nramp1 expression in 12 different tissues in newborn and 7-, 14-, 21-, 28-, and 35-day-old Meishan piglets. Results ... more

C.H. Dai; J.Y. Wu; C.X. Zhao; L.H. Yu; W.B. Bao; S.L. Wu
2017 Jun 29
Amino acids; Animals; Collagen; Fish Proteins; Gadiformes; Protein Denaturation; Protein Subunits; Skin

Acid and pepsin-soluble collagen (ASC and PSC, respectively) were extracted from cod (Gadus macrocephaius) skin, and yields of 37.36 and 55.96% were obtained for ASC and PSC, respectively. The total yield of ASC and PSC was 93.92%, based on the lyophilized dry weight, which is higher than that obtained from other sources. Electrophoresis revealed that both ASC and PSC consisted of two ... more

Y. Shu; H. Ren; R. Ao; W.C. Qi; Z.S. Zhang
2017 Sep 21
Animals; Cadmium; Cadmium Poisoning; Eels; Fish Proteins; Fresh Water; Liver; Metallothionein; Thailand; Water Pollution, Chemical

Cadmium (Cd) is produced mainly as a by-product of zinc mining. In Thailand, the largest zinc mine is located in the Mae Sot district, Tak Province. Samples of Monopterus albus were collected from paddy fields in 4 sites, three downstream and one upstream from the zinc mine. The upstream site was considered to be uncontaminated while the three downstream sites were considered to be ... more

M. Wahid; S. Prasarnpun; N. Yimtragool

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