Research Article

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Buffalo production is spreading globally because of its economic advantage. Then, it has become necessary to improve the reproductive and productive efficiency of these animals, as well as to look for genetic factors that increase this efficiency. The objectives of this study were to characterize the promoter region of the melatonin 1A receptor gene (MTRN1A), to detect possible SNPs and ... more

E.M. Barbosa; B.B. Souza; R.C. Guimarães; L.K.N. Silva; J.S.N. Azevedo; E.C. Gonçalves; H.F.L. Ribeiro; S.T.Rolim Filho; S. Filho
Animals; Carbohydrates; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell proliferation; DNA damage; Food Handling; Food Quality; Food storage; Fruit and Vegetable Juices; Rats; Ultraviolet Rays; Vitamins; Vitis

Integral grape juice is extracted from the grape through processes that allow the retention of their natural composition. However, due to the severity of some processes, fruit juices can undergo changes in their quality. The present study evaluated the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of integral grape juice by a cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus assay in Rattus norvegicus hepatoma cells (HTC) ... more

E. Düsman; I.V. Almeida; E.P. Pinto; L. Lucchetta; V.E.P. Vicentini
Animals; Cattle; Female; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Lactation; Longevity; Milk; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

In this study, we estimated the genetic parameters and identified the putative quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with the length of productive life (LPL), days open (DO), and 305-day milk yield for the first lactation (FM305) of crossbred Holstein dairy cattle. Data comprising 4,739 records collected between 1986 and 2004 were used to estimate the variance-covariance components using ... more

P. Saowaphak; M. Duangjinda; S. Plaengkaeo; R. Suwannasing; W. Boonkum
Animals; CpG islands; DNA methylation; fucosyltransferases; Glycosphingolipids; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Swine; Transcriptional activation

Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis-globo series pathway genes (FUT1, FUT2, ST3GAL1, HEXA, HEXB, B3GALNT1, and NAGA) play an important regulatory role in the defense against Escherichia coli F18 in piglets. In this study, we identified the transcription initiation site and promoter of this gene cluster by mined previous RNA-seq results using bioinformatics tools. The FUT1 transcription initiation ... more

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The Staphylococcus aureus is the most common isolated microorganism in ruminant animal species diagnostic with clinical or subclinical mastitis. Dairy herds with these diseases can transfer S. aureus into the milk supply, which can lead to food poisoning in humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate the profile of antimicrobial susceptibility, the presence of femA gene, the genetic ... more

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Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes, which is naturally triggered by aeroallergens. House dust mites (HDM) are the most common inhalant allergens. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has been established as an essential cytokine that can activate the generation of IgE. This randomized controlled study aimed to identify the possible relationship of the genetic ... more

A. Tungtrongchitr; J. Jumpasri; N. Sookrung; N. Visitsunthorn; P. Tantilipikorn; O. Piboonpocanan; N. Indrawattana; R. Tungtrongchitr; W. Chaicumpa
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The Malaysian giant prawn is among the most commonly cultured species of the genus Macrobrachium. Stocks of giant prawns from four rivers in Peninsular Malaysia have been used for aquaculture over the past 25 years, which has led to repeated harvesting, restocking, and transplantation between rivers. Consequently, a stock improvement program is now important to avoid the depletion of wild ... more

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This study aimed to evaluate the supplementation levels of an exogenous alpha-amylase in broilers diets and compare two indicators in determining the diets energy. The experiment was divided into two parallel evaluations, being one of performance and the other of metabolism. In performance assay, 1,700 one-day-old Cobb-500 male chicks were used. The animals were distributed in 50 experimental ... more

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We provided the first scientific record of Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner, 1900), through molecular characterization of partial mtDNA COI gene, that confirms the occurrence of this pest in Paraguay. Previously reported in Brazil, an outbreak of larvae of M. sojae known as the soybean stem fly (SSF) that belongs to the family Agromyzidae, was also noted in soybean fields from the Canindeyú, Alto ... more

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