Related GMR Articles
Morphology and muscle gene expression in GIFT and Supreme Nile tilapia varieties reared in two cultivation systems.
Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more
Effect of propolis ethanol extract on myostatin gene expression and muscle morphometry of Nile tilapia in net cages.
Propolis can be used as growth enhancer due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant, and immune-stimulant properties, but its effects on morphometry and muscle gene expression are largely unknown. The present study evaluates the influence of propolis on muscle morphometry and myostatin gene expression in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) bred in net cages. Reversed males (GIFT strain) with an ... more
Myostatin mRNA expression and its association with body weight and carcass traits in Yunnan Wuding chicken.
Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more
Gene expressions levels of 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ in gill tissue of Mugil cephalus acclimated to low salinity.
Fishes adapt to salinity changes primarily through osmotic pressure regulation, a process often associated with several genes, including 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ. The present study investigated the differential expression of genes 14-3-3a, NKCCla, A-14, and Na-K-ATPaseβ in the gill tissue of Mugil cephalus acclimated to low salinity. Susceptibility relationships between the four ... more
The mechanism of dominant follicle selection is unclear because of its physiological complexity. However, some studies have reported that the immune system plays an important role in reproductive physiology. The objective of the current study was to investigate the differential expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the dominant (DFs) and nondominant follicles (NFs), and to determine the ... more
Chicken meat quality is becoming increasingly important among breeders and consumers. To understand the effect of feeding conditions on chicken meat quality, we investigated the profiles of genes expressed in chicken breast muscle. Using RNA sequencing, we identified 336, 321, and 387 differentially expressed genes among Chengkou, Daninghe, and Qingjiaoma chickens under scatter- and captivity- ... more
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae, with high food and medicinal value. However, the crop is susceptible to several viruses that are transmitted by aphids and is highly vulnerable to post-harvest diseases, as well as insect and mammal pests and fungal and bacterial diseases. Here, the rabbit defensin gene NP-1 was transferred into lettuce by ... more
To investigate the role of the P2X receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer ... more
Nested polymerase chain reaction technique for the detection of Gpc3 and Afp mRNA in liver cancer micrometastases.
The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a crucial adaptor molecule of the interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor (IL-1/TLR) superfamily, which can trigger downstream signaling cascades involved in innate immunity. The function of TRAF6 has been clarified in mammals but is poorly understood in chicken. In our study, we investigated TRAF6 function in birds, particularly ... more