Research Article

Related GMR Articles

Agriculture; Brazil; cluster analysis; Crop Production; Edible Grain; Genetic Drift; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phaseolus; Phenotype; seeds

Evaluating genetic diversity among genotypes is important for providing parameters for the identification of superior genotypes, because the choice of parents that form segregating populations is crucial. Our objectives were to i) evaluate agronomic performance; ii) compare clustering methods; iii) ascertain the relative contributions of the variables evaluated; and iv) identify the most ... more

F.A. da Silva; A.M. Corrêa; P.E. Teodoro; K.V. Lopes; C.C.G. Corrêa
Computers; Fruit; Genetic variation; Genotype; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Psidium; seeds

Digital image analysis of seeds has been used for the identification of cultivars, determination of seed color and mechanical damage, and classification of different seed sizes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of digital image analysis of seeds for the quantification of genetic diversity among genotypes of inbred guava (Psidium guajava L.) families. The SAS Mini ... more

W. Krause; A.P. Viana; N.R. Cavalcante; M. Ambrósio; E.A. Santos; H.D. Vieira
Flowers; Genes, Dominant; Genetic variation; Phaseolus; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds

This article aimed to study the genetic control of some flowers and pod set of common bean and to verify if its estimate varies with environmental conditions and gene pool. A complete diallel was used among six lines, but no reciprocal ones. The treatments were evaluated in three harvests/generations - F, F, and F - in 2015/2016, in a randomized complete block design with four replications. ... more

E.S. Martins; R.A.Pinto Júnior; A.F.B. Abreu; M.A.P. Ramalho
cluster analysis; Fruit; Genetic variation; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Microsatellite instability; Microsatellite Repeats; Musa; Mutation; Plant breeding; Reproducibility of Results; Species Specificity

Banana (Musa spp) is a fruit species frequently cultivated and consumed worldwide. Molecular markers are important for estimating genetic diversity in germplasm and between genotypes in breeding programs. The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic diversity of 21 banana genotypes (FHIA 23, PA42-44, Maçã, Pacovan Ken, Bucaneiro, YB42-47, Grand Naine, Tropical, FHIA 18, PA94-01, YB42 ... more

A.V.C. Silva; A.L.S. Nascimento; M.F. Vitória; A.R.C. Rabbani; A.N.R. Soares; A.S. Lédo
Analysis of variance; Anthocyanins; China; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; cluster analysis; Color; Conservation of Natural Resources; Endangered species; Flowers; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Magnolia; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Pigmentation; Plant breeding; Species Specificity

A combination of phenotypic characterization and molecular markers may provide reliable information on new plant varieties and elucidate the conservation status of rare species. Five newly developed Magnolia wufengensis cultivars, an endangered plant species endemic to Hubei Province, China, possess more distinctive phenotypes than common Magnolia cultivars. With reference to a wild species ... more

L. Wang; A.H. Xiao; L.Y. Ma; F.J. Chen; Z.Y. Sang; J. Duan
Capsicum; Cytoplasm; Fertility; Flowers; Genes, Plant; Genetic markers; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Meristem; Mutation; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Plant Infertility; Reproducibility of Results; seeds

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in pepper is a better way to produce hybrid seeds compared to manual production. We used the two sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers (CRF-SCAR and CMS-SCAR) in CMS pepper, to identify the genotype. We assembled two CMS yellow bud mutants (YBM; YBM12-A and YBM12-B). This mutation in leaf color is controlled by a single dominant nuclear gene. ... more

G.S. Sun; Z.L. Dai; P.W. Bosland; Q. Wang; C.Q. Sun; Z.C. Zhang; Z.H. Ma
cluster analysis; Conservation of Natural Resources; DNA, Plant; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Microsatellite Repeats; Myrtaceae; Phylogeny; Plant breeding

Myrcia lundiana Kiaersk. is a tree of the family Myrtaceae found in tropical and subtropical areas of the southern hemisphere that produces essential oil. The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic diversity of M. lundiana plants from a native population of Parque Nacional de Itabaiana, using inter-simple sequence repeat molecular markers. Thirty-five primers were tested, 20 of ... more

M.F. Alves; D.A.C. Nizio; F.A. Brito; T.S. Sampaio; A.V.C. Silva; M.F. Arrigoni-Blank; S.V.A. Carvalho; A.F. Blank
Annona; Bayes Theorem; Brazil; cluster analysis; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats

Habitat fragmentation has numerous consequences, particularly to endemic species, and has a negative impact on the genetic diversity of neglected species, leading to genetic drift. Annona crassiflora Mart. is a species that is endemic to Brazil, and its incidence in the Cerrado biome has decreased. The identification and characterization of its remaining diversity is necessary for its ... more

R. Gwinner; T.A. Setotaw; F.A. Rodrigues; D.V.C. França; F.A. da Silveira; L.A.S. Pio; M. Pasqual
cluster analysis; Disease resistance; Genetic variation; Genotype; Gossypium; Phenotype; Plant Diseases; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

In Pakistan, cotton crop has been under enormous threat of cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) over the last four decades. In order to estimate genetic diversity in cotton germplasm CLCuD resistance, we assessed 100 cotton genotypes for their CLCuD resistance/tolerance and other related agronomical traits. Various statistical analytical tools, including correlation analysis, cluster analysis, and ... more

M. Javed; S.B. Hussain; M. Baber
Brazil; cluster analysis; DNA Primers; DNA, Plant; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genotype; Morinda; Phylogeny; Plants, Medicinal; Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique; Species Specificity

Morinda citrifolia L., commonly known as noni, has been used for the treatment of various diseases for over two centuries. It was introduced and widely disseminated in Brazil because of its high market value and ease of adaptation to the soil and climatic conditions of the country. The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic variability of noni accessions from the collection of Embrapa ... more

P.N. Bordallo; A.M.R. Monteiro; J.A. Sousa; F.A.S. Aragão