Research Article

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Fiber diameter is a useful indicator of wool traits and it is the main determinant of wool quality and value. A comparative study was conducted to analyze the abundance and expression of 13 candidate genes using expression profile microarray analysis and to identify novel molecular markers associated with wool traits to provide a molecular basis for improving wool quality in sheep. Genes ... more

Y.Z. Tian; T. Usman; K.C. Tian; J. Di; X.X. Huang; X.M. Xu; H. Tulafu; W.W. Wu; X.F. Fu; Y. Bai; M. Tuerxun; A. Maimaiti
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Avena; Chromosomes, Plant; Flowers; Homeodomain Proteins; Mutation; Nuclear Proteins; Phenotype; Plant Proteins

Multiflorous spikelets are found in several grass species of agricultural and economic interest. In oat, this morphological characteristic is associated with the production of naked grains. Although many genetic studies have been performed over the past century, the inheritance of the multiflorous spikelet trait is not fully understood in oat. The objectives of this study were to evaluate ... more

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Biomarkers, Tumor; Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell; CDX2 Transcription Factor; Codon; Female; Genes, ras; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Mucins; Mutation; Mutation Rate; Neoplasm Metastasis; Phenotype; Stomach neoplasms

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Genome, Plant; Iron; Oryza; Phenotype; Plant Proteins; Stress, Physiological; Transcription factors

Iron (Fe) is an essential microelement for all living organisms playing important roles in several metabolic reactions. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is commonly cultivated in paddy fields, where Fe goes through a reduction reaction from Fe to Fe. Since Fe is more soluble, it can reach toxic levels inside plant cells, constituting an important target for studies. Here we aimed to verify morphological ... more

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Genetic diversity; Genetic variation; Mutagenesis; Mutation breeding; Oryza sativa

We studied the genetic variability due to mutation induced by γ-rays (10, 15, and 20 Kr) on various traits of twelve rice genotypes. Mutated and non-mutated seeds were sown in the field between July 2013 and 2014 using a split plot design. Yield and yield-related trait data was recorded, which showed significant (P

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Disease susceptibility and genetic variability in 10 eggplant genotypes were studied after inoculating Phomopsis vexans under confined field conditions. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to assess genetic variation and relationships among eggplant genotypes. The disease index of leaves ranged 0.208-13.79%, while fruit infection ranged 2.15-42.76%. Two varieties ... more

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Chinese mitten crab; Ecdysteroid-regulated protein gene; Eriocheir sinensis; Genetic variation; MIH gene; UTRs

Crab grows by periodic molting, which is controlled by molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH) and ecdysteroids. Untranslated regions (UTRs) play crucial roles in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. In this study, using crab collected from Changjiang (Yangtze), Huanghe (Yellow), Liaohe, and Yalujiang rivers, 33 haplotypes of the 3ꞌ-UTR of ecdysteroid-regulated protein (ERP ... more

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Allopolyploidization; Genetic variation; Qinghai-Tibet Plateau; Resynthesized Brassica napus

This study aimed to reveal the genetic and epigenetic variations involved in a resynthesized Brassica napus (AACC) generated from a hybridization between a B. rapa (AA) landrace and B. alboglabra (CC). Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism, and the cDNA-AFLP technique were performed to detect changes between ... more

H.D. Liu; Z.G. Zhao; D.Z. Du; C.R. Deng; G. Fu; H.D. Liu; Z.G. Zhao; D.Z. Du; C.R. Deng; G. Fu; H.D. Liu; Z.G. Zhao; D.Z. Du; C.R. Deng; G. Fu
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Chromosomes; Evaluation Studies as Topic; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Microscopy, Fluorescence; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Software

The Fluorescence Image Analyzer (FLIMA) software was developed for the quantitative analysis of images generated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Currently, the images of FISH are examined without a coefficient that enables a comparison between them. Through GD Graphics Library, the FLIMA software calculates the amount of pixels on image and recognizes each present color. The ... more

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