Research Article

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03/30/2017
Animals; Apoptosis; Blood glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Ginsenosides; Glucose; Insulin; JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; Lipids; Liver; Liver Diseases; male; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels. T2-DM patients suffer from many complications, such as diabetic fatty liver and diabetic nephropathy. The liver, the pivotal organ involved in both glucose and lipid metabolism, is primarily damaged in T2-DM patients, especially in those with high levels of blood lipid. In this study, ... more

W. Tian; L. Chen; L. Zhang; B. Wang; X.B. Li; K.R. Fan; C.H. Ai; X. Xia; S.D. Li; Y. Li
10/05/2017
Apoptosis; ERK signal pathway; Hepatic stellate cells; JNK signal pathway
This study aimed to investigate the stimulatory effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) on the apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activated by high glucose, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism with a focus on the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) signaling pathways. Human ... more
L. Wu; Y. Liu; L. Shi; B. Zhang; A.Carolina P. Pasian; A. Moroz
11/30/2019
Apoptosis; Gene; Glioblastoma; miRNA

Glioblastoma is considered incurable, even with a combination of therapies (chemo and radiotherapy), and surgical resection. New therapeutic approaches are needed to improve the prognosis of patients with glioblastoma. In recent decades, research has focused on molecular biology of brain tumors. We examined the role of programmed cell death, apoptosis, through two ... more

F. Pansani; L.P. Turra; F.S.Lizarte Neto; M.Lde A. Cirino; L.F. Tirapelli; F.M. Peria; C.G.Carlotti Junior; D.Pda C. Tirapelli
12/02/2016
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Child; Chromosome Deletion; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2; Fingers; Heart Defects, Congenital; Hedgehog Proteins; Humans; Karyotype; male; Syndactyly; Waardenburg Syndrome

Reports of terminal and interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 2 are rare in the literature. Here, we present a case report concerning a Chinese boy with a 47,XYY karyotype and a de novo deletion comprising approximately 5 Mb between 2q35 and q36.1, along with syndactyly, type III Waardenburg syndrome, and congenital heart disease. High-resolution chromosome analysis to detect ... more

D. Wang; G.F. Ren; H.Z. Zhang; C.Y. Yi; Z.J. Peng
2016 Dec 19
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
01/23/2017
Alleles; Case-control studies; Female; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Odds Ratio; Polymorphism, Genetic; Tumor Protein p73; Uterine cervical neoplasms

The aim of this study was to investigate the tumor protein p73 (TP73) G4C14-A4T14 polymorphism and to perform a meta-analysis to assess TP73 expression in cervical cancer and precancerous tissue. Articles containing data regarding TP73 status in cervical cancer patients and healthy controls were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Chinese Biomedical Literature, and China National ... more

H. Feng; L. Sui; M. Du; Q. Wang
01/23/2017
Gene expression; Humans; Parkinson disease; Prion Proteins; REM Sleep Behavior Disorder; RNA, Messenger

Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases and mainly manifests with decreasing numbers of dopaminergic neurons. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) has an incidence of 15-47% in all PD patients. Prion proteins (PrPs), which are expressed in both neurons and glial cells of the brain, are believed to be correlated with abnormal neurological ... more

W.J. Zhang; X.L. Shang; J. Peng; M.H. Zhou; W.J. Sun
01/23/2017
Case-control studies; Cerebral infarction; Diffusion Tensor Imaging; Humans; Wallerian Degeneration

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the early diagnosis of pyramidal tract Wallerian degeneration (WD) and assessment of neurological recovery following cerebral infarction. This study included 23 patients with acute cerebral infarction and 10 healthy adult controls. All participants underwent both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DTI ... more

A.H. Guo; F.L. Hao; L.F. Liu; B.J. Wang; X.F. Jiang
01/23/2017
Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Humans; Macular Degeneration; male; Proteins; Risk; Turkey

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in developed countries. It is a complex disease with both genetic and environmental risk factors. To improve clinical management of this condition, it is important to develop risk assessment and prevention strategies for environmental influences, and establish a more effective treatment approach. The aim of the present ... more

H. Bardak; M. Gunay; Y. Ercalik; Y. Bardak; H. Ozbas; O. Bagci
01/23/2017
Brazil; Chromosome Disorders; Chromosome duplication; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5; Humans; male; Phenotype

Genomic disorders are genetic diseases that are caused by rearrangements of chromosomal material via deletions, duplications, and inversions of unique genomic segments at specific regions. Such rearrangements could result from recurrent non-allelic homologous recombination between low copy repeats. In cases where the breakpoints flank the low copy repeats, deletion of chromosomal segments is ... more

F.G. Reis; I.P. Pinto; L.B. Minasi; A.V. Melo; D.M. da C. Cunha; C.L. Ribeiro; C.C. da Silva; deM. Silva; A.D. da Cruz

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