Research Article

Related GMR Articles

2017 Sep 27
Ascomycota; Capsicum; Disease resistance; Fruit; Genotype; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Plant Diseases; Plant Leaves; Potyvirus; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selective breeding; Xanthomonas

This study aimed to identify Capsicum genotypes with resistance to bacterial spot (BS), anthracnose and Pepper yellow mosaic virus (PepYMV). Fifty-four genotypes of Capsicum spp were evaluated. Resistance reaction against BS was evaluated using three replicates, testing hypersensitivity and quantitative resistance in leaves. After evaluation, inoculated leaves were detached from the plants, ... more

C.S. Bento; A.G. de Souza; C.P. Sudré; S. Pimenta; R. Rodrigues
2017 Sep 27
Alleles; Ascomycota; Basidiomycota; Disease resistance; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant breeding; Plant Diseases; Selective breeding; Vigna

This study aimed at identifying and selecting through partial diallel analysis, segregating populations of cowpea resistant to Macrophomina phaseolina and Thanatephorus cucumeris, based on the evaluation of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA), involved in the genetic control of resistance. For this reason, 19 grouped cowpea genotypes, considering the resistance to these ... more

L.R.L. Lima; K.J. Damasceno-Silva; M.A. Noronha; D.A. Schurt; M.M. Rocha
2017 Feb 23
cluster analysis; Fruit; Genetic variation; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Microsatellite instability; Microsatellite Repeats; Musa; Mutation; Plant breeding; Reproducibility of Results; Species Specificity

Banana (Musa spp) is a fruit species frequently cultivated and consumed worldwide. Molecular markers are important for estimating genetic diversity in germplasm and between genotypes in breeding programs. The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic diversity of 21 banana genotypes (FHIA 23, PA42-44, Maçã, Pacovan Ken, Bucaneiro, YB42-47, Grand Naine, Tropical, FHIA 18, PA94-01, YB42 ... more

A.V.C. Silva; A.L.S. Nascimento; M.F. Vitória; A.R.C. Rabbani; A.N.R. Soares; A.S. Lédo
2017 Mar 22
Animals; Crosses, Genetic; Disease resistance; Genotype; Hemiptera; Lycopersicon esculentum; Pest Control, Biological; Pheromones; Plant breeding; Plant Diseases; Tetranychidae

The mini tomato production has expanded, becoming an amazing alternative for enterprise. Despite all commercial potential, the cultivation has the occurrence of pests as main obstacle during the crop development. Nowadays, there are no researches that aimed obtaining genotypes with high acylsugar content, capable of providing a broad-spectrum resistance to pests. This study aimed the selection ... more

G.M. Maciel; R.S. Almeida; J.P.R. da Rocha; V. Andaló; G.R. Marquez; N.C. Santos; R.R. Finzi
2016 Dec 19
Avena; Brazil; Disease resistance; Edible Grain; Fungicides, Industrial; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Selection, Genetic

The State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS) is the largest producer of oat in Brazil with the aid of consolidated breeding programs, which are constantly releasing new cultivars. The main objectives of this study were to: 1) evaluate the annual genetic progress in grain yield and hectoliter weight of the oat cultivars in RS, with and without fungicide use on aerial parts of plants; and 2) evaluate the ... more

D.N. Follmann; C. Filho; A.D. Lúcio; V.Q. de Souza; M. Caraffa; C.A. Wartha
2016 Dec 19
Ascomycota; Crops, Agricultural; Disease resistance; Genetic variation; Incidence; Phosphorus; Plant Diseases; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

Northern leaf blight (NLB), caused by Exserohilum turcicum, is one of the main foliar diseases that affect popcorn culture. Farmers use many control measures to minimize damage caused by this disease, among which, the use of cultivars with genetic resistance is the most effective and economical. The aim of this study was to investigate genetic variability influencing resistance to NLB in 25 ... more

A.T. Amaral; R.M. Ribeiro; P.H.D. Santos; T.P.S. Poltronieri; J.M.S. Vivas; I.F.S. Gerhardt; B.M. Carvalho; C.S. Freitas; S.B. Miranda
2017 Sep 27
Disease resistance; Genotype; Helminthosporium; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant Diseases; Selective breeding; Zea mays

The present study was conducted to investigate the genetic control and to estimate the general and specific combining abilities of popcorn for agronomic attributes and attributes related to resistance to northern leaf blight (NLB). The 56 hybrids (F and reciprocals), together with the eight parent lines and six controls, were evaluated in two harvests, in a randomized-block design with four ... more

J.S. Santos; A.T.Amaral Júnior; M. Vivas; G.S. Mafra; G.F. Pena; F.H.L. Silva; A.G. Guimarães
2017 Feb 23
Capsicum; Cytoplasm; Fertility; Flowers; Genes, Plant; Genetic markers; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Meristem; Mutation; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Plant Infertility; Reproducibility of Results; seeds

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in pepper is a better way to produce hybrid seeds compared to manual production. We used the two sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers (CRF-SCAR and CMS-SCAR) in CMS pepper, to identify the genotype. We assembled two CMS yellow bud mutants (YBM; YBM12-A and YBM12-B). This mutation in leaf color is controlled by a single dominant nuclear gene. ... more

G.S. Sun; Z.L. Dai; P.W. Bosland; Q. Wang; C.Q. Sun; Z.C. Zhang; Z.H. Ma
2017 Mar 08
Chimera; Fragaria; Fruit; Genotype; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Polyploidy; Selective breeding

The strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Dutch.), is the only vegetable belonging to the rosacea family. All strawberry species have now emerged from wild species and belong to the genus Fragaria, being that this genus presents more than 45 described species, and only 11 are considered natural species. Due to the octoploid nature of strawberry and its variability after hybridization, selecting one ... more

S.D. Vieira; D.C. de Souza; I.A. Martins; G.H.M.R. Ribeiro; L.V. Resende; A.K.L. Ferraz; A.G. Galvão; J.T.V. de Resende
2017 Mar 22
Alleles; Brazil; Fruit; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Microsatellite Repeats; Myrtaceae; Phylogeny; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Trees; Vitamin A

Myrciaria dubia (camu-camu) is an Amazon tree that produces a tart fruit with high vitamin C content. It is probably the fruit with the highest vitamin C content among all Brazilian fruit crops and it can be used to supplement daily vitamin C dose. This property has attracted the attention of consumers and, consequently, encouraged fruit farmers to produce it. In order to identify and select ... more

C.F. Nunes; T.A. Setotaw; M. Pasqual; E.A. Chagas; E.G. Santos; D.N. Santos; C.G.B. Lima; G.M.A. Cançado

Pages