Research Article

Related GMR Articles

12/19/2016
Adult; Aged; Apoptosis; Bone neoplasms; Caspase 8; Cell proliferation; Cell survival; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Osteochondroma; Osteosarcoma; TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Young Adult

Osteosarcoma is a common malignant bone tumor that mainly affects children and adolescents. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily. Caspase-8 appears in the upstream of apoptosis signaling pathway among caspases. We investigated TRAIL and caspase-8 levels in osteosarcoma patients to determine their correlation with ... more

X. Ning; X.W. Shang; Y. Zhuang; M. Liu; H. Yang; H. Zhang; M.Z. Huang
2/16/2017
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Arabs; Colorectal neoplasms; Exons; Female; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Mutation; Mutation Rate; Prognosis; Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras); Retrospective Studies; Saudi Arabia; Survival analysis; Young Adult

Mutations in codons 12/13 of K-ras exon 2 are associated with reduced benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we evaluated the frequency of K-ras mutations and their relationship with clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes in Saudi Arabian patients with CRC. The genetic status of K-ras was determined in ... more

J. Zekri; A. Al-Shehri; M. Mahrous; S. Al-Rehaily; T. Darwish; S. Bassi; E. Taani; A. Zahrani; S. Elsamany; J. Al-Maghrabi; B.B. Sadiq
3/15/2017
Adult; Biomarkers; Case-control studies; Cells, Cultured; Chelating Agents; Combined Modality Therapy; Female; Hepatolenticular Degeneration; Humans; Liver; Liver cirrhosis; male; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Penicillamine; Transforming Growth Factor beta1; Treatment outcome; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Young Adult

The efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) on liver fibrosis in animal has been proven, but a few studies have been made in human body and few such researches in China. This study was designed to investigate the effect of BMSC treatment on hepatic fibrosis induced by hepatolenticular degeneration and the influence on serological indicators. Sixty patients with liver fibrosis ... more

D. Zhang
4/28/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Brazil; Chlamydia Infections; Chlamydia trachomatis; Female; Genotype; Humans; Middle Aged; Papillomaviridae; Papillomavirus Infections; Prevalence; Trichomonas vaginalis; Trichomonas Vaginitis

Sexually transmitted infections are an important cause of morbidity among sexually active women worldwide, and have been implicated as cofactors in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and accessed the diversity of HPV in women with normal and abnormal cytology in Manaus, ... more

E. Costa-Lira; A.H.V.L. Jacinto; L.M. Silva; P.F.R. Napoleão; R.A.A. Barbosa-Filho; G.J.S. Cruz; S. Astolfi-Filho; C.M. Borborema-Santos
5/31/2017
Adult; Brazil; Case-control studies; Female; Hepatitis B, Chronic; HLA-DP beta-Chains; HLA-DQ Antigens; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. The progression of the disease depends on several host and viral factors and may result in fulminant hepatitis (very rare), acute hepatitis with spontaneous clearance, and chronic hepatitis B infection. Previous studies demonstrated that variations in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II (HLA-DPB1 and HLA- ... more

V.R.Z.B. Pereira; J.M. Wolf; G.Z. Stumm; T.R. Boeira; J. Galvan; D. Simon; V.R. Lunge
5/31/2017
Adult; Female; Glucuronides; Glucuronosyltransferase; Graft Rejection; Humans; Kidney transplantation; male; Middle Aged; Mycophenolic Acid; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a prodrug active only after its hydrolysis to mycophenolic acid (MPA). The UGT1A9 enzyme is of special interest since it is the main enzyme involved in the glucuronidation of MPA. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the UGT1A9 gene may be responsible for individual differences in the pharmacokinetics of MMF. Expression levels and the activity of UGT1A9 may ... more

L.R. Ruschel; V.M. Schmitt; A.B. Silva; C.S.A. Oliveira; K. Flach; D.O. d'Avila; F.V. Thiesen
8/17/2017
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Contraceptives, Oral; Female; Glutathione S-Transferase pi; Humans; Middle Aged; Papillomavirus Infections; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is considered a risk factor for cervical cancer. Even if the high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection is necessary, environmental co-factors and genetic susceptibility also play an important role in cervical cancer development. In this study, a possible association of rs1695 GSTP1 polymorphisms, HR-HPV infection, and oral contraceptive use with cancer lesion ... more

B.S. Chagas; A.P.A.D. Gurgel; S.S.L.Paiva Júnior; R.C.P. Lima; M.N. Cordeiro; R.R. Moura; A.V.C. Coelho; K.C.G. Nascimento; J.C.Silva Neto; S. Crovella; A.C. Freitas
8/31/2017
Adult; Case-control studies; Female; Humans; Interleukin-17; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Uterine cervical neoplasms

Cervical cancer is a serious public health problem and is associated with high cancer-related mortality in females worldwide. The expression of IL17A can increase the migration and invasiveness of cervical cancer cells by activating the NF-κB signal pathway. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can alter gene function and protein expression. We examined the association between two IL17A SNPs ... more

A.Q. Niu; Y.H. Cao; H. Wang; X. Zhang; B. Zhu; Z.H. Li
5/10/2017
Amino Acid Transport System y+L; Brain Neoplasms; Case-control studies; China; Female; Fusion Regulatory Protein 1, Light Chains; Glioma; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Gliomas are brain tumors that can be seriously damaging to human health. The SLC7 family is involved in amino acid or peptide transportation. The relationship between SLC7A7 polymorphisms and the development of glioma has been reported previously by a few studies. Therefore, we performed a hospital based case-control study to investigate the association of three common SNPs (rs12888930, ... more

H. Zhang; W.J. Shi
5/4/2017
Atherosclerosis; Case-control studies; Female; Genotype; Heterozygote; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Mutation, Missense; Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Atherosclerotic and its cardiovascular complications are responsible for 17.5 million deaths a year, according to the World Health Organization. There is consensus that atherosclerosis involves multiple pathogenic processes initiated by endothelial dysfunction, with inflammation and vascular proliferation determining alterations in the matrix, with consequent formation of the atheromatous ... more

F.L. Campedelli; K.S.F.E. Silva; D.A. Rodrigues; J.V.M. Martins; I.R. Costa; M.H. Lagares; A.M. Barbosa; M.P. de Morais; K.K.V.O. Moura

Pages