Research Article

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12/02/2016
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
03/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
3/16/2017
Animals; Aquaculture; Cichlids; Fish Proteins; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Muscle, Skeletal; Myostatin; Ponds

Tissue growth in most fishes occurs by muscular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which are influenced by different regulatory factors, such as myostatin. The current study evaluated the influence of cultivation in hapas and earthen ponds on the diameter of white muscle fibers and on the myostatin (MSTN-1) gene in GIFT and Supreme varieties of tilapia. Fish of both varieties were reared for 204 ... more

E.C.S. Lima; J.A. Povh; R.A.A. Otonel; J.H. Leonhardt; A.A. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; F.P. Souza; A.R. Poveda-Parra; P.J. Furlan-Murari; N.M. Lopera-Barrero
05/10/2017
Animals; Brain; Cloning, Molecular; Fish Proteins; Fishes; Kidney; Liver; Muscle, Skeletal; Receptors, Glucocorticoid; Sodium Chloride; Stress, Physiological

To understand the regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (Gcr) during loading and transport stress in fish, the Gcr gene of Coilia nasus was cloned. Gcr in C. nasus is expressed strongly in the liver and muscle, and less stronglyin the gills, brain, spleen, intestine, trunk kidney, and head kidney. Gcr expression in both the liver and muscle was increased by loading and transport ... more

F.K. Du; G.C. Xu; Y. Li; Z.J. Nie; P. Xu
12/19/2016
Animals; Female; Forkhead Box Protein L2; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Gene expression; Goats; Hair follicle; Quantitative trait loci; Real-time polymerase chain reaction; Toll-Like Receptors; Wnt4 Protein

The mechanism of dominant follicle selection is unclear because of its physiological complexity. However, some studies have reported that the immune system plays an important role in reproductive physiology. The objective of the current study was to investigate the differential expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the dominant (DFs) and nondominant follicles (NFs), and to determine the ... more

G.X. E; Y.J. Zhao; Y.H. Ma; M.X. Chu; Q.H. Hong; S.J. Lv; L. Zhu; F.K. Li; Y.G. Han; X. Wu; Y.F. Huang
1/23/2017
Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene expression profiling; Meat Products; Muscles

Chicken meat quality is becoming increasingly important among breeders and consumers. To understand the effect of feeding conditions on chicken meat quality, we investigated the profiles of genes expressed in chicken breast muscle. Using RNA sequencing, we identified 336, 321, and 387 differentially expressed genes among Chengkou, Daninghe, and Qingjiaoma chickens under scatter- and captivity- ... more

G.L. Gao; C. Wang; X.Z. Zhao; H.W. Wang; Q. Li; J. Li; K.S. Zhang; H. Zhong; Q.G. Wang
2017 Jan 23
alpha-Defensins; Animals; Gene expression; Gene Transfer Techniques; Lactuca; Plants, Genetically Modified; Rabbits

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae, with high food and medicinal value. However, the crop is susceptible to several viruses that are transmitted by aphids and is highly vulnerable to post-harvest diseases, as well as insect and mammal pests and fungal and bacterial diseases. Here, the rabbit defensin gene NP-1 was transferred into lettuce by ... more

D. Song; X. Xiong; W.F. Tu; W. Yao; H.W. Liang; F.J. Chen; Z.Q. He
1/23/2017
Animals; Cognition Disorders; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Hippocampus; HIV Envelope Protein gp120; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Maze Learning; Rats; Receptors, Purinergic P2X7

To investigate the role of the P2X receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer ... more

Y. Liu; G.Q. Chen; B.Y. Liu; Q. Chen; Y.M. Qian; S.S. Qin; C.L. Liu; C.S. Xu
2/08/2017
alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
2/08/2017
Animals; Avian Proteins; Chickens; Disease resistance; Gene expression; Immunity, Innate; Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs; Signal transduction; TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a crucial adaptor molecule of the interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor (IL-1/TLR) superfamily, which can trigger downstream signaling cascades involved in innate immunity. The function of TRAF6 has been clarified in mammals but is poorly understood in chicken. In our study, we investigated TRAF6 function in birds, particularly ... more

J. Jin; J.S. Ran; C.W. Yang; X.S. Jiang; Y.G. Zhou; Z.Q. Feng; Y. Wang; D. Lan; P. Ren; Y.P. Liu

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