Research Article

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2/8/2017
Animals; DNA damage; DNA Fragmentation; Female; Ferric Compounds; Humans; Lipid peroxidation; Lymphocytes; Metal Nanoparticles; Oxidative stress; Rats; Reactive oxygen species; Silicon Dioxide

At present, the use of nanoparticles is a controversial topic, especially when analyzing their effects in human tissues. Nanoparticles (NPs) can cause oxidative stress by increasing membrane lipids peroxidation and reactive oxygen species, and decreasing intracellular glutathione. Oxidative stress plays an important role in cell signaling and inflammatory responses. It can result in ... more

J. Jiménez-Villarreal; D.I. Rivas-Armendáriz; R.D.Arellano Pérez-Vertti; O. Calderón; R. García-Garza; N.D. Betancourt-Martínez; L.B. Serrano-Gallardo; J. Morán-Martínez
2/8/2017
Breast neoplasms; Female; Gene expression; Humans; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Neoplasm Metastasis; Neoplasm Proteins; Neoplasm Staging; Prognosis

Migration and invasion enhancer 1 (MIEN1) is a membrane-anchored protein that is highly expressed in various types of cancer, and is correlated with the PI3K/AKT pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of MIEN1 and its clinical pathological significance in breast cancer. We used immunohistochemical staining to examine the expression of MIEN1 in 40 samples of human ... more

H.B. Zhao; X.F. Zhang; H.B. Wang; M.Z. Zhang
2/8/2017
Developing Countries; Genetic Diseases, Inborn; Genetic testing; Humans; Mass Screening; Population Surveillance; Socioeconomic Factors

The aim of this review is to describe a series of ten genetic diseases with Mendelian inheritance pattern in people of low- or middle-income countries, which can be easily identified with simple and affordable methods. Recent information shows that although genetic diseases account for more than 10% of infant mortality in such countries, testing, counseling, and treatment of genetic diseases ... more

P.E. Maltese; E. Poplavskaia; I. Malyutkina; F. Sirocco; A. Bonizzato; N. Capodicasa; S.Y. Nicoulina; A. Salmina; N. Aksutina; M. Dundar; T. Beccari; S. Cecchin; M. Bertelli
2/16/2017
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; Coronary artery disease; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic association studies; Genetic predisposition to disease; Humans; Interleukin-8; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a mediator of inflammation and plays an important role in regulating immune responses. To date, several studies have tested the association between IL-8 gene polymorphisms and development of coronary artery disease (CAD), but their results have proved to be inconsistent. We conducted an investigation to assess the relationship between the IL-8 -251A/T (rs4073) sequence ... more

R.J. Zhang; X.D. Li; S.W. Zhang; X.H. Li; L. Wu
2/16/2017
Alzheimer disease; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Cytokines; Disease Models, Animal; Gene Expression Regulation; Hippocampus; Humans; Maze Learning; Mice; MicroRNAs; Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, and is the most common type of dementia in the elderly population. Growing evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in neuroinflammation associated with AD progression. In this study, we analyzed the expression of microRNA-139 (miR-139) as well as the learning and memory function in AD. We observed that the miR-139 ... more

Y. Tang; J.S. Bao; J.H. Su; W. Huang
2/16/2017
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Arabs; Colorectal neoplasms; Exons; Female; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Mutation; Mutation Rate; Prognosis; Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras); Retrospective Studies; Saudi Arabia; Survival analysis; Young Adult

Mutations in codons 12/13 of K-ras exon 2 are associated with reduced benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we evaluated the frequency of K-ras mutations and their relationship with clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes in Saudi Arabian patients with CRC. The genetic status of K-ras was determined in ... more

J. Zekri; A. Al-Shehri; M. Mahrous; S. Al-Rehaily; T. Darwish; S. Bassi; E. Taani; A. Zahrani; S. Elsamany; J. Al-Maghrabi; B.B. Sadiq
2/16/2017
C-reactive protein; Depressive Disorder; DNA-Binding Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation; Heat Shock Transcription Factors; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; Humans; Interleukins; Ischemic Attack, Transient; male; Middle Aged; NF-kappa B; Stress, Psychological; Transcription factors

The aim of this study was to evaluate dysregulation of gene expression associated with the cellular stress response in a patient with a post-"warning stroke" depressive disorder confirmed by the presence of a neurophysiological neuromarker through the use of quantitative EEG and event-related potentials. The patient was tested for seven genes associated with the stress reaction: HSPA1A, HSPB1 ... more

M. Trystuła; M. Żychowska; M. Wilk-Frańczuk; J.D. Kropotov; M. Pąchalska
2/23/2017
Adult; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Female; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-6; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Polymerase chain reaction; Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Risk factors; Young Adult

Preeclampsia is a common condition unique to pregnant women. Previous studies have suggested that several cytokines may contribute to defective placental invasion and endothelial damage in this condition. We investigated the influence of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoters of IL-6 (-572G/C, -597G/A, and -174G/C) and IL-10 (-592A/C) on susceptibility to preeclampsia in ... more

D.M. Fan; Y. Wang; X.L. Liu; A. Zhang; Q. Xu
2/23/2017
Adult; DNA, Viral; Female; Genotype; Hepatitis B Antibodies; Hepatitis B e Antigens; Hepatitis B Surface Antigens; Hepatitis B virus; Hepatitis B, Chronic; Host-Pathogen Interactions; Humans; male; Middle Aged; Polymerase chain reaction; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Virus Activation; Virus Replication; Young Adult

Concurrent detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HBs antibody or hepatitis B surface E antigen (HBeAg) and anti-HBe antibody in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection is well established. However, the clinical implications of these proteins remain largely unknown. In this study, demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from 124,865 patients with chronic CHB ... more

Y. Xiang; P. Chen; J.R. Xia; L.P. Zhang
2/23/2017
Asian Continental Ancestry Group; China; Gene frequency; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Interleukin-1beta; Linkage disequilibrium; Odds Ratio; Periodontitis; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk factors

The association between the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) C-511T (or rs16944) polymorphism and periodontitis remains inconclusive, even though there have been previous studies on this association. To assess the effects of IL-1β C-511T variants on the risk of development of periodontitis, a meta-analysis was performed in a single ethnic population. Studies, published up to December 2015, were ... more

H.F. Wang; F.Q. He; C.J. Xu; D.M. Li; X.J. Sun; Y.T. Chi; W. Guo

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