Research Article

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5/31/2017
Azospirillum brasilense; Expressed sequence tags; Genotype; Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase; Nitrate reductase; Nitrogen; Plant Proteins; Zea mays

The relative quantitative real-time expression of two expressed sequence tags (ESTs) codifying for key enzymes in nitrogen metabolism in maize, nitrate reductase (ZmNR), and glutamine synthetase (ZmGln1-3) was performed for genotypes inoculated with Azospirillum brasilense. Two commercial single-cross hybrids (AG7098 and 2B707) and two experimental synthetic varieties (V2 and V4) were raised ... more

L. Pereira-Defilippi; E.M. Pereira; F.M. Silva; G.V. Moro
6/20/2017
Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Zea mays

The REML/BLUP statistics are analyses that can be used as selective criteria in the routine of maize breeding programs. The present study aims to determine the genetic potential in crosses of landrace populations applying the REML/BLUP methodology, and to identify populations for the synthesis of new populations and intrapopulation selection for family farming systems, as well as genetic ... more

D. Baretta; M. Nardino; I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; M. Ferrari; V.J. Szareski; W.S. Barros; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
6/29/2017
Fungi; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Zea mays

Knowledge of genetic diversity among genotypes and relationships among elite lines is of great importance for the development of breeding programs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate genetic variability based on the morphoagronomic and molecular characterization of 18 elite popcorn (Zea mays var. everta) lines to be used by Universidade Estadual de Maringá breeding programs ... more

J.F.Dos Santos; C.A. Mangolin; M.F.P.S. Machado; C.A. Scapim; W. Giordani; L.S.A. Gonçalves
6/29/2017
Droughts; environment; genomic instability; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Stress, Physiological; Zea mays

In several crops, the water deficit is perhaps the main limiting factor in the search for high yields. The objective of this study was to evaluate the phenotypic stability of maize hybrids in environments with and without water restriction using the analytical factor (AF) approach. We evaluated 171 maize hybrids in 14 environments, divided into environments with (A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, and A7 ... more

A.O. Santos; J.J. Nuvunga; C.P. Silva; L.P.M. Pires; R.G. Von Pinho; L.J.M. Guimarães; M. Balestre
7/6/2017
Fusarium; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Heat-shock proteins; Inbreeding; Lipoxygenase; maternal inheritance; Plant breeding; Plant Immunity; Plant Proteins; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

In recent years, there has been a large incidence of fungi causing "ear rot" in maize in Brazil, the main fungus being Fusarium verticillioides. The most efficient and competitive alternative for control of this disease consists of using maize hybrids resistant to this pathogen. Thus, the aims of this study were to analyze the genetic variability of maize inbred lines in regard to resistance ... more

G.S. Pereira; R.G.V. Pinho; E.V.R.V. Pinho; L.P.M. Pires; L.A.Y.Bernar Junior; J.L.A. Pereira; M.P. Melo
8/31/2017
Alleles; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Zea mays

Genetic improvement is essential to achieve increments in maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield components. It may be obtained through crosses, which enable to exploit the effects of intervarietal heterosis, allelic complementarity, as well as gene actions and effects. This study estimated the components of variance and genetic parameters (REML/BLUP) of an intervarietal diallel to select and predict ... more

I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; V.J. Szareski; M. Ferrari; T.C. da Rosa; T.S. Martins; N.L.Dos Santos; M. Nardino; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
9/27/2017
Edible Grain; environment; Genetic variation; Phosphorus; Plant breeding; Selective breeding; Soil; Stress, Physiological; Zea mays

The expansion of agriculture, coupled with the need for sustainable cropping, is one of the greatest challenges of the scientific community working on the generation of new cultivars adapted to abiotic stress conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the variability of popcorn lines as to responsiveness and efficiency in phosphorus use, as a first step towards the implementation of a ... more

I.F.S. Gerhardt; A.T.Amaral Júnior; L.J.M. Guimarães; I.A. Schwantes; A. Santos; S.H. Kamphorst; V.J. Lima; F.M. Poblete; G.O. Myers
9/27/2017
Edible Grain; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Selective breeding; Zea mays

Selection indices commonly utilize economic weights, which become arbitrary genetic gains. In popcorn, this is even more evident due to the negative correlation between the main characteristics of economic importance - grain yield and popping expansion. As an option in the use of classical biometrics as a selection index, the optimal procedure restricted maximum likelihood/best linear unbiased ... more

C. Vittorazzi; A.T.Amaral Júnior; A.G. Guimarães; A.P. Viana; F.H.L. Silva; G.F. Pena; R.F. Daher; I.F.S. Gerhardt; G.H.F. Oliveira; M.G. Pereira
9/27/2017
Disease resistance; Genotype; Helminthosporium; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant Diseases; Selective breeding; Zea mays

The present study was conducted to investigate the genetic control and to estimate the general and specific combining abilities of popcorn for agronomic attributes and attributes related to resistance to northern leaf blight (NLB). The 56 hybrids (F and reciprocals), together with the eight parent lines and six controls, were evaluated in two harvests, in a randomized-block design with four ... more

J.S. Santos; A.T.Amaral Júnior; M. Vivas; G.S. Mafra; G.F. Pena; F.H.L. Silva; A.G. Guimarães
09/27/2018
Genetic divergence; Microsatellite marker; Specialty maize; Zea mays

In view of the narrow genetic base of popcorn, probably due to its evolution by selection from flint maize types alone, knowledge about genetic divergence is imperative for the formation of heterotic groups. Thus, our objective was to identify heterotic groups of popcorn lines; we did so by exploiting the representative genotype collection of the Active Popcorn ... more

C. Vittorazzi; A.T.Amaral Júnior; A.G. Guimarães; F.H.L. Silva; G.F. Pena; R.F. Daher; I.F.S. Gerhardt; G.H.F. Oliveira; P.H.A.D. Santos; Y.P. Souza; S.H. Kamphorst; V.J. Lima

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