Research Article

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04/13/2017
Animals; Animals, Inbred Strains; Ear; Extracellular Matrix Proteins; Gene expression profiling; Genome-wide association study; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Methionine Sulfoxide Reductases; Quantitative trait loci; RNA, Messenger; Swine

Porcine ear size is an important characteristic for distinguishing among pig breeds. In a previous genome-wide association study of porcine ear size, LEM domain-containing 3 (LEMD3), methionine sulfoxide reductase B3 (MSRB3), high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2), and Wnt inhibitory factor 1 (WIF1) were implicated as important candidate genes for ear size. This study investigated the ... more

L.C. Zhang; J. Liang; L. Pu; Y.B. Zhang; L.G. Wang; X. Liu; H. Yan; L.X. Wang
01/23/2017
Agriculture; Fabaceae; Genetic association studies; Genetic markers; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) is a perennial forage legume with great potential for use in sustainable agriculture due to its low input requirements, good drought tolerance, and production of forage rich in polyphenolic compounds, which are beneficial for animal health. However, its distribution and cultivation are limited due to its moderate agronomic performance and a general lack of well ... more

K. Kempf; C.S. Malisch; C. Grieder; F. Widmer; R. Kölliker
02/16/2017
Animals; Calcium-Binding Proteins; Calpain; Cattle; Gene frequency; Genetic markers; Genotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Red Meat

The objectives of this study were to characterize the allelic and genotypic frequencies of polymorphisms in the µ-calpain and calpastatin genes, and to assess their association with meat tenderness and animal growth in Nellore cattle. We evaluated 605 Nellore animals at 24 months of age, on average, at slaughter. The polymorphisms were determined for the molecular markers CAPN316, CAPN530, ... more

M.E. Carvalho; J.P. Eler; M.N. Bonin; F.M. Rezende; F.H. Biase; F.V. Meirelles; L.C.A. Regitano; L.L. Coutinho; J.C.C. Balieiro; J.B.S. Ferraz
03/22/2017
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Breeding; Genetic markers; Genomics; Genotype; Models, Genetic; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Predictive Value of Tests; Quantitative trait loci; Regression Analysis; Selection, Genetic

Genomic selection (GS) is a variant of marker-assisted selection, in which genetic markers covering the whole genome predict individual genetic merits for breeding. GS increases the accuracy of breeding values (BV) prediction. Although a variety of statistical models have been proposed to estimate BV in GS, few methodologies have examined statistical challenges based on non-normal phenotypic ... more

M. Nascimento; F.F.E. Silva; M.D.V. de Resende; C.D. Cruz; A.C.C. Nascimento; J.M.S. Viana; C.F. Azevedo; L.M.A. Barroso
03/15/2017
Animals; Breeding; Cells, Cultured; Female; Gene expression profiling; Gene Expression Regulation; Goats; Oocytes; Oogenesis; Single-Cell Analysis; Transcriptome

Juvenile in vitro embryo transfer is an important animal reproductive technology that can shorten the generation interval of livestock, explore the reproductive potential of dams with excellent genetic traits, accelerate genetic progress and production efficiency of the herd, and provide a wealth of genetic resources for livestock breeding. However, oocytes from kids do not develop as well as ... more

X.Y. Yin; G.H. Cheng; H.Y. Guo; Q. Wang; Y.J. Li; H. Zhang
12/02/2016
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
12/02/2016
Animals; Body weight; Cattle; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Models, Biological; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci

This study aimed to investigate the predictability of a phenotype when using a dynamic model of cattle growth. Genotypic and phenotypic information on Nellore (Bos indicus) cattle were used in a genome-wide association analysis designed to contrast the biological interpretation of core parameters [conversion efficiency of metabolizable energy to net energy for gain (k) and adjusted final ... more

M.C. Freua; M.H.A. Santana; R.V. Ventura; J.B.S. Ferraz
01/23/2017
Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene expression profiling; Meat Products; Muscles

Chicken meat quality is becoming increasingly important among breeders and consumers. To understand the effect of feeding conditions on chicken meat quality, we investigated the profiles of genes expressed in chicken breast muscle. Using RNA sequencing, we identified 336, 321, and 387 differentially expressed genes among Chengkou, Daninghe, and Qingjiaoma chickens under scatter- and captivity- ... more

G.L. Gao; C. Wang; X.Z. Zhao; H.W. Wang; Q. Li; J. Li; K.S. Zhang; H. Zhong; Q.G. Wang
03/22/2017
Animals; Biomarkers; Chickens; China; Female; Genome-wide association study; Haplotypes; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

Reproductive traits have long been studied and have an important influence on chicken breeding. To identify quantitative trait loci affecting reproductive traits, a genome-wide analysis of a Chinese chicken breed was performed to analyze age at first egg body weight at first egg, first egg weight, egg weight at the age of 300 days, egg weight at the age of 462 days, egg number at the age of ... more

Q.C. Fan; P.F. Wu; G.J. Dai; G.X. Zhang; T. Zhang; Q. Xue; H.Q. Shi; J.Y. Wang
03/16/2017
Eucalyptus; Genotype; Lignin; Models, Genetic; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Random Allocation; Selection, Genetic; Wood

Path analysis has been used for establishing selection criteria in genetic breeding programs for several crops. However, it has not been used in eucalyptus breeding programs yet. In the present study, we aimed to identify the wood technology traits that could be used as the criteria for direct and indirect selection of eucalyptus genotypes with high energy density of wood. Twenty-four ... more

A.M. Couto; P.E. Teodoro; P.F. Trugilho

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