Research Article

Related GMR Articles

cluster analysis; Disease resistance; Genetic variation; Genotype; Gossypium; Phenotype; Plant Diseases; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

In Pakistan, cotton crop has been under enormous threat of cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) over the last four decades. In order to estimate genetic diversity in cotton germplasm CLCuD resistance, we assessed 100 cotton genotypes for their CLCuD resistance/tolerance and other related agronomical traits. Various statistical analytical tools, including correlation analysis, cluster analysis, and ... more

M. Javed; S.B. Hussain; M. Baber
Animals; Base Sequence; Conserved sequence; Disease resistance; Evolution, Molecular; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Plant Diseases; Plant Proteins; Psidium; Tylenchoidea

Guava (Psidium guajava L.) crop is severely affected by the nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii. Native Psidium species have been reported as sources of resistance against this nematode. Knowledge on the molecular relationship between Psidium species based on plant resistance gene analogs (RGA) can be useful in the genetic breeding of guava for resistance to M. enterolobii. In this study, RGA ... more

L.R. Noia; A.C. Tuler; A. Ferreira; M.F.S. Ferreira
Brazil; Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Fusarium; Genetic variation; Genotype; Multivariate analysis; Plant Diseases; Tracheophyta

The multivariate analyses are useful tools to estimate the genetic variability between accessions. In the breeding programs, the Ward-Modified Location Model (MLM) multivariate method has been a powerful strategy to quantify variability using quantitative and qualitative variables simultaneously. The present study was proposed in view of the dearth of information about popcorn breeding ... more

R.N.F. Kurosawa; A.T. do Amara Junior; F.H.L. Silva; D. Santos; M. Vivas; S.H. Kamphorst; G.F. Pena
Biomass; environment; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phenotype; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Sorghum

Sorghum biomass is an interesting raw material for bioenergy production due to its versatility, potential of being a renewable energy source, and low-cost of production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic variability of biomass sorghum genotypes and to estimate genotypic, phenotypic, and environmental correlations, and direct and indirect effects of seven agronomic traits ... more

T.P.S. Vendruscolo; M.A.A. Barelli; M.A.S. Castrillon; R.S. da Silva; F.T. de Oliveira; C.L. Corrêa; B.W. Zago; F.D. Tardin
Alleles; Brazil; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phenotype; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Saccharum; Selection, Genetic; Time Factors

The aim of this study was to analyze sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) biometric and technological data, obtained at different timepoints, using path analysis. The experiment was conducted in União, PI, Brazil, and evaluated 12 sugarcane genotypes (RB036066, RB9438, RB935744, RB021764, RB021754, RB021534, RB966229, RB977540, RB863129, and RB987935, and the varieties RB92579 and RB867515 as ... more

R.P. Barbosa; A. Neto; L.M. Gravina; G.A. Gravina; M.G.T. Portela; A.A.C. Bezerra
Analysis of variance; Bertholletia; Dimensional Measurement Accuracy; Fruit; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Principal component analysis; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

Repeatability studies on fruit species are of great importance to identify the minimum number of measurements necessary to accurately select superior genotypes. This study aimed to identify the most efficient method to estimate the repeatability coefficient (r) and predict the minimum number of measurements needed for a more accurate evaluation of Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) ... more

A.B. Baldoni; H. Tonini; F.D. Tardin; S.C.C. Botelho; P.E. Teodoro
Brazil; Gene-Environment Interaction; Genetic variation; Gossypium; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

Using commercial cultivars to compose crossing blocks in cotton is a promising strategy, because these materials have desirable agronomic and technological characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity among 16 cotton cultivars cultivated in two environments in the State of Mato Grosso, the largest national producer, using agronomical and technological ... more

I.G. Santos; P.E. Teodoro; F.C. Farias; F.J.C. Farias; L.P. Carvalho; J.I.S. Rodrigues; C.D. Cruz
Chimera; Chromosome banding; DNA fingerprinting; Genes, Dominant; Genetic variation; Genotype; Gossypium; Heterozygote; Hybridization, Genetic; Microsatellite Repeats; Plant breeding

Molecular identification of hybrid purity is difficult in regional trials of cotton varieties and hybrid trials. In particular, the molecular detection of hybrid purity has not yet been reported in the case of unknown parentage. In this study, we screened 5000 pairs of primers and chose 17 pairs of core simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers to determine the F1 purity of Han6402. The results ... more

X.Q. Fu; F.X. Yang; X.K. Lu; X.G. Wang; B.X. Yang; F.J. Liu; Y. Liu; J. Peng
Ascomycota; Crops, Agricultural; Disease resistance; Genetic variation; Incidence; Phosphorus; Plant Diseases; Selection, Genetic; Zea mays

Northern leaf blight (NLB), caused by Exserohilum turcicum, is one of the main foliar diseases that affect popcorn culture. Farmers use many control measures to minimize damage caused by this disease, among which, the use of cultivars with genetic resistance is the most effective and economical. The aim of this study was to investigate genetic variability influencing resistance to NLB in 25 ... more

A.T. Amaral; R.M. Ribeiro; P.H.D. Santos; T.P.S. Poltronieri; J.M.S. Vivas; I.F.S. Gerhardt; B.M. Carvalho; C.S. Freitas; S.B. Miranda
Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Disease resistance; Genes, Plant; Genetic markers; Microsatellite Repeats; Oryza; Plant Diseases

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) blast disease is one of the most destructive rice diseases in the world. The fungal pathogen, Magnaporthe oryzae, is the causal agent of rice blast disease. Development of resistant cultivars is the most preferred method to achieve sustainable rice production. However, the effectiveness of resistant cultivars is hindered by the genetic plasticity of the pathogen genome. ... more

N. Hasan; M.Y. Rafii; A. Rahim; S.A. Nusaibah; N. Mazlan; S. Abdullah