Research Article

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1/23/2017
Animals; Chromosome Mapping; Chromosomes, Mammalian; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Genome; Genome, Mitochondrial; Goats; Mutagenesis, Insertional

Nuclear mitochondrial pseudogenes (numts), originating from mtDNA insertions into the nuclear genome, have been detected in many species. However, the distribution of numts in the newly published nuclear genome of domestic goat (Capra hircus) has not yet been explored. We used the entire goat mtDNA sequence and nuclear genome, to identify 118 numts using BLAST. Of these, 79 were able to map ... more

F.Y. Ning; J. Fu; Z.H. Du
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Adipose tissue; Animals; Cell differentiation; Cell proliferation; Estradiol; Female; Pregnancy; Progesterone; Rats; Stem cells

Stem cell therapy faces many problems including poor survival rates and low viability. Enhancing the biological functions of stem cells improves efficacy of therapies. Estrogen, whose levels are elevated during pregnancy, affects the properties of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Evidence suggests that adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), which are a type of adult mesenchymal stem cells, can ... more

J.N. Li; Y. Zhang; Y.F. Wang; J.Y. Chen
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Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene expression profiling; Meat Products; Muscles

Chicken meat quality is becoming increasingly important among breeders and consumers. To understand the effect of feeding conditions on chicken meat quality, we investigated the profiles of genes expressed in chicken breast muscle. Using RNA sequencing, we identified 336, 321, and 387 differentially expressed genes among Chengkou, Daninghe, and Qingjiaoma chickens under scatter- and captivity- ... more

G.L. Gao; C. Wang; X.Z. Zhao; H.W. Wang; Q. Li; J. Li; K.S. Zhang; H. Zhong; Q.G. Wang
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Animals; Biomarkers; Drugs, Chinese Herbal; Endometrium; Estrous cycle; Female; Flavonoids; Immunohistochemistry; Rats

This study aimed to investigate the effect of icariin (ICA) on thin endometrium in a rat model. To this end, 6- to 8-week-old female Sprague Dawley rats (105) were randomly divided into 7 groups: untreated, vehicle-treated (lavage with NaCl), high-dose ICA (lavage with ICA at 200 mg∙kg∙day), medium-dose ICA (lavage ICA at 100 mg∙kg∙day), low-dose ICA (lavage with ICA at 50 mg∙kg∙day), sham ... more

A.W. Le; Z.H. Wang; X.Y. Dai; T.H. Xiao; R. Zhuo; B.Z. Zhang; Z.L. Xiao; X.J. Fang
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Animals; Lymphocytes; Mice; Oryza; Plant Proteins; Plants, Genetically Modified

With the expanding demand for genetically modified (GM) rice, its safety evaluation is of great significance. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess the acute cytotoxicity of the whole protein extract from GM rice Bar68-1 in Mus musculus lymphocytes in vitro. Cell viability was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Neutral Red Uptake (NRU) tests. CCK-8 tests was carried out ... more

X.B. Lu
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Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae, with high food and medicinal value. However, the crop is susceptible to several viruses that are transmitted by aphids and is highly vulnerable to post-harvest diseases, as well as insect and mammal pests and fungal and bacterial diseases. Here, the rabbit defensin gene NP-1 was transferred into lettuce by ... more

D. Song; X. Xiong; W.F. Tu; W. Yao; H.W. Liang; F.J. Chen; Z.Q. He
1/23/2017
Animals; Cognition Disorders; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Hippocampus; HIV Envelope Protein gp120; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Maze Learning; Rats; Receptors, Purinergic P2X7

To investigate the role of the P2X receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer ... more

Y. Liu; G.Q. Chen; B.Y. Liu; Q. Chen; Y.M. Qian; S.S. Qin; C.L. Liu; C.S. Xu
1/23/2017
Animals; Biomarkers; Cell line; G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2; Humans; Mechanical Phenomena; Mice; Osteoblasts; Phosphorylation; Receptors, Purinergic P2Y2; Signal transduction

Bone desensitization after mechanical loading is essential for bone to adapt to its mechanical environment. However, the desensitization mechanism is unknown. Previous studies suggest that G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including P2Y and parathyroid hormone receptors, play important roles in osteoblast mechanobiology. Thus, for the present research, we examined the role of G protein- ... more

Y. Xing; Y. Gu; X. Shan; L. Wang; J. You
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alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
2/8/2017
Animals; Avian Proteins; Chickens; Disease resistance; Gene expression; Immunity, Innate; Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs; Signal transduction; TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a crucial adaptor molecule of the interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor (IL-1/TLR) superfamily, which can trigger downstream signaling cascades involved in innate immunity. The function of TRAF6 has been clarified in mammals but is poorly understood in chicken. In our study, we investigated TRAF6 function in birds, particularly ... more

J. Jin; J.S. Ran; C.W. Yang; X.S. Jiang; Y.G. Zhou; Z.Q. Feng; Y. Wang; D. Lan; P. Ren; Y.P. Liu

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