Research Article

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Bayes Theorem; Biomass; Genetic variation; Genotype; Models, Genetic; Pennisetum; Quantitative Trait, Heritable

Elephant grass is a perennial tropical grass with great potential for energy generation from biomass. The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic diversity among elephant grass accessions based on morpho-agronomic and biomass quality traits and to identify promising genotypes for obtaining hybrids with high energetic biomass production capacity. The experiment was installed at ... more

D.A. Rossi; R.F. Daher; T.C. Barbé; R.S.N. Lima; A.F. Costa; L.P. Ribeiro; P.E. Teodoro; L.L. Bhering
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Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
Casearia; Forests; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Microsatellite Repeats

Guaçatonga (Casearia sylvestris) is a native plant of the Atlantic Forest, with high medicinal potential and relevance for reforestation programs. The aim of this study was to characterize, with microsatellite markers, two populations of C. sylvestris from remaining areas of the Atlantic Forest in the State of São Paulo. High allelic variation was found in both populations (N = 101 and 117; A ... more

F.L. Araujo; M.V.B.M. Siqueira; C. Grando; J.P.G. Viana; J.B. Pinheiro; A. Alves-Pereira; J.B. Campos; P.H.S. Brancalion; M.I. Zucchi
cluster analysis; Cold Temperature; DNA, Plant; Genetic markers; Microsatellite Repeats; Polymorphism, Genetic; Stress, Physiological; Zea mays

In this study, eight inbred maize lines with high or low tolerance to cold temperature were investigated using bulk segregant analysis (BSA). Genetic diversity and genetic relationships were investigated using 100 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers linked to cold tolerance in maize. A total of 319 alleles were identified. Among these, 128 were high coldtolerant-specific alleles and 61 were ... more

M.Q.U. Farooqi; K.J. Sa; T.K. Hong; J.K. Lee
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis; Brazil; DNA, Bacterial; DNA, Ribosomal; Evolution, Molecular; Genetic variation; Pantoea; Plant Diseases; Plasmids; Zea mays

Measures to control maize white spot (MWS) caused by Pantoea ananatis are preferentially based on resistant cultivars. A lack of knowledge on the genetic variability of pathogens could interfere with the development and utilization of controlling strategies in this pathosystem. The main goals of this study were to investigate the genetic variability of 90 P. ananatis isolates from three ... more

A.M. Miller; J.E.F. Figueiredo; C.L. Chaves; E.A. Ruas; M.I. Balbi-Peña; N.B. Colauto; L.D. Paccola-Meirelles
Brazil; Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Genetics, Population; Genotype; Phenotype; Zea mays

In Brazil, the total production of maize has increased continuously due to the advances in technology but also to the new frontiers for the maize crop, including the expansion of the second crop (safrinha; usually maize after soybean). Therefore, the exploitation of new sources of germplasm seems to be imperative to attend the actual and future demands for modern cultivars adapted to the ... more

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the reproductive behavior of the giant Amazon River turtle (Podocnemis expansa) in the Amazon. This was carried out by estimating the degree of polymorphism in five DNA microsatellites in a sample of 359 hatchlings from 12 nests in the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve in the municipality of Tefé, state of Amazonas, Brazil. An analysis of ... more

C. Fantin; J. Morais; R. Botero-Arias; C. Araújo; C. Camillo; I.P. Farias
Agriculture; Animals; Brazil; Breeding; Cattle; Female; Genetic variation; male; Population Density

The Red Sindhi cattle breed was imported to Brazil in small numbers. Nowadays, the herds of this breed are distributed in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest regions of the country. In this study, DNA samples of animals originating from 15 herds in the Northeast and Southeast regions have been analyzed to obtain the ancestry proportions, and to gain a better understanding of the current ... more

J.C.C. Panetto; M.V.G.B. Silva; R.M.H. Leite; M.A. Machado; F.A.T. Bruneli; D.R.L. Reis; M.G.C.D. Peixoto; R.S. Verneque
Brazil; Crops, Agricultural; Crosses, Genetic; Genetic variation; Phaseolus; Plant breeding; Selection, Genetic

Common bean producers in Brazil tend to grow plants as upright as possible. Because the control of this trait involves a large number of genes, recurrent selection (RS) is the best approach for successful plant improvement. Because plant architecture (PA) is evaluated using scores and usually has high heritability, RS for PA is performed through visual selection in generation S. The aim of the ... more

L.A. Pereira; A.F.B. Abreu; I.C.Vieira Júnior; L.P.M. Pires; M.A.P. Ramalho
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Jatropha is a species with great potential for biodiesel production, and the knowledge on how the main agronomic traits are correlated will contribute to its improvement. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to estimate the genetic parameters of the traits: plant height at 12 and 40 months, canopy projection on the row at 12 and 40 months, canopy projection between the row at 12 and 40 ... more

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