Research Article

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The development of common bean cultivars with high technological quality that are biofortified with minerals, is required to meet the demand for food with health benefits. The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether common bean genotypes differ in terms of technological and mineral biofortification traits, to study the correlations between these characters, to analyze the genetic ... more

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The mini tomato production has expanded, becoming an amazing alternative for enterprise. Despite all commercial potential, the cultivation has the occurrence of pests as main obstacle during the crop development. Nowadays, there are no researches that aimed obtaining genotypes with high acylsugar content, capable of providing a broad-spectrum resistance to pests. This study aimed the selection ... more

G.M. Maciel; R.S. Almeida; J.P.R. da Rocha; V. Andaló; G.R. Marquez; N.C. Santos; R.R. Finzi
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Agriculture; Brazil; cluster analysis; Crop Production; Edible Grain; Genetic Drift; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phaseolus; Phenotype; seeds

Evaluating genetic diversity among genotypes is important for providing parameters for the identification of superior genotypes, because the choice of parents that form segregating populations is crucial. Our objectives were to i) evaluate agronomic performance; ii) compare clustering methods; iii) ascertain the relative contributions of the variables evaluated; and iv) identify the most ... more

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Ecosystem; Genotype; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Vigna

Estimating genetic parameters in plant breeding allows us to know the population potential for selecting and designing strategies that can maximize the achievement of superior genotypes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic potential of a population of 20 cowpea genotypes by estimating genetic parameters and path analysis among the traits to guide the selection strategies. ... more

K.V. Lopes; P.E. Teodoro; F.A. Silva; M.T. Silva; R.L. Fernandes; T.C. Rodrigues; T.C. Faria; A.M. Corrêa
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Water stress can affect the yield in tomato crops and, despite this, there are few types of research aiming to select tomato genotypes resistant to the water stress using physiological parameters. This experiment aimed to study the variables that are related to the gas exchanges and the efficiency in water use, in the selection of tomato genotypes tolerant to water stress. It was done in a ... more

M.E.A. Borba; G.M. Maciel; E.F.Fraga Júnior; C.S.Machado Júnior; G.R. Marquez; I.G. Silva; R.S. Almeida
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Crop Production; Edible Grain; Genotype; Phenotype; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Soybeans

The goals of this research were to evaluate the phenotypic and genotypic correlations between agronomic traits, to perform path analysis, having as main character grain yield, and to identify indirect selection criteria for grain yield. The experiment was carried out in an experimental area located at Capim Branco farm, which belongs to Federal University of Uberlândia, during the growing ... more

B.Q.V. Machado; A.P.O. Nogueira; O.T. Hamawaki; G.F. Rezende; G.L. Jorge; I.C. Silveira; L.A. Medeiros; R.L. Hamawaki; C.D.L. Hamawaki
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The Staphylococcus aureus is the most common isolated microorganism in ruminant animal species diagnostic with clinical or subclinical mastitis. Dairy herds with these diseases can transfer S. aureus into the milk supply, which can lead to food poisoning in humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate the profile of antimicrobial susceptibility, the presence of femA gene, the genetic ... more

A.R.E.O. Xavier; A.C. Almeida; C.N. Souza; L.M.V. Silva; A.X.A. Ruas; D.A. Sanglard; A.F.M. Júnior; A.M.E. Oliveira; M.A.S. Xavier
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Arecaceae; environment; Gene frequency; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Genetic; Selection, Genetic

This study uses ISSR molecular markers to characterize the demographic pattern, and spatial genetic structure (SGS) at different life stages of development (cohorts) in a natural population of Copernicia prunifera in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. All individuals were sampled and georeferenced in a 0.55-ha plot. The demographic analyses showed a clustered pattern in the first-distance ... more

L.G. Pinheiro; K.P.T. Chagas; A.S.M. Freire; M.C. Ferreira; C.G. Fajardo; F.A. Vieira
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Repeatability studies on fruit species are of great importance to identify the minimum number of measurements necessary to accurately select superior genotypes. This study aimed to identify the most efficient method to estimate the repeatability coefficient (r) and predict the minimum number of measurements needed for a more accurate evaluation of Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) ... more

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Trichomes are derived from the epidermis and constitute an ideal system for studying cell division in plants. Here, a Chinese cabbage doubled haploid (DH) line (FT) without trichomes was crossed with another DH line (PurDH-1) with trichomes to develop an F population for fine mapping of trichome control genes. Genetic analysis showed that the trichome phenotype was controlled by a single ... more

X.L. Ye; F.Y. Hu; J. Ren; S.N. Huang; W.J. Liu; H. Feng; Z.Y. Liu

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