Research Article

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5/31/2017
Azospirillum brasilense; Expressed sequence tags; Genotype; Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase; Nitrate reductase; Nitrogen; Plant Proteins; Zea mays

The relative quantitative real-time expression of two expressed sequence tags (ESTs) codifying for key enzymes in nitrogen metabolism in maize, nitrate reductase (ZmNR), and glutamine synthetase (ZmGln1-3) was performed for genotypes inoculated with Azospirillum brasilense. Two commercial single-cross hybrids (AG7098 and 2B707) and two experimental synthetic varieties (V2 and V4) were raised ... more

L. Pereira-Defilippi; E.M. Pereira; F.M. Silva; G.V. Moro
6/20/2017
Breeding; Crosses, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Zea mays

The REML/BLUP statistics are analyses that can be used as selective criteria in the routine of maize breeding programs. The present study aims to determine the genetic potential in crosses of landrace populations applying the REML/BLUP methodology, and to identify populations for the synthesis of new populations and intrapopulation selection for family farming systems, as well as genetic ... more

D. Baretta; M. Nardino; I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; M. Ferrari; V.J. Szareski; W.S. Barros; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
8/31/2017
Alleles; Genotype; Hybridization, Genetic; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Polymorphism, Genetic; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds; Zea mays

Genetic improvement is essential to achieve increments in maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield components. It may be obtained through crosses, which enable to exploit the effects of intervarietal heterosis, allelic complementarity, as well as gene actions and effects. This study estimated the components of variance and genetic parameters (REML/BLUP) of an intervarietal diallel to select and predict ... more

I.R. Carvalho; A.J. de Pelegrin; V.J. Szareski; M. Ferrari; T.C. da Rosa; T.S. Martins; N.L.Dos Santos; M. Nardino; V.Q. de Souza; A.C. de Oliveira; L.C. da Maia
9/27/2017
Disease resistance; Genotype; Helminthosporium; Hybridization, Genetic; Plant Diseases; Selective breeding; Zea mays

The present study was conducted to investigate the genetic control and to estimate the general and specific combining abilities of popcorn for agronomic attributes and attributes related to resistance to northern leaf blight (NLB). The 56 hybrids (F and reciprocals), together with the eight parent lines and six controls, were evaluated in two harvests, in a randomized-block design with four ... more

J.S. Santos; A.T.Amaral Júnior; M. Vivas; G.S. Mafra; G.F. Pena; F.H.L. Silva; A.G. Guimarães
12/02/2016
DNA, Plant; Edible Grain; Genetic variation; Hordeum; Minerals; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Selection, Genetic

Mineral elements in barley (Hordeum vulgare) play an important physiological role in global human health. In this study, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for concentration of nine mineral elements in barley grain and grass powder were detected in a population of 193 recombinant inbred lines of the barley cross Ziguangmangluoerling x Schooner and the parents. We observed large genetic variation ... more

Y.W. Zeng; J. Du; X.M. Yang; X.Y. Pu; L.X. Wang; J.Z. Yang; L.J. Du; T. Yang; S.M. Yang; Z.H. Sun
12/19/2016
Chromosome Mapping; Chromosomes, Plant; Computer simulation; Epistasis, Genetic; Inbreeding; Models, Genetic; Plant breeding; Plants; Quantitative trait loci; Sample Size; Selection, Genetic

The accuracy of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) identified using different sample sizes and marker densities was evaluated in different genetic models. Model I assumed one additive QTL; Model II assumed three additive QTLs plus one pair of epistatic QTLs; and Model III assumed two additive QTLs with opposite genetic effects plus two pairs of epistatic QTLs. Recombinant inbred lines (RILs) (50- ... more

C.F. Su; W. Wang; S.L. Gong; J.H. Zuo; S.J. Li
12/19/2016
Animals; Female; Forkhead Box Protein L2; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Gene expression; Goats; Hair follicle; Quantitative trait loci; Real-time polymerase chain reaction; Toll-Like Receptors; Wnt4 Protein

The mechanism of dominant follicle selection is unclear because of its physiological complexity. However, some studies have reported that the immune system plays an important role in reproductive physiology. The objective of the current study was to investigate the differential expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the dominant (DFs) and nondominant follicles (NFs), and to determine the ... more

G.X. E; Y.J. Zhao; Y.H. Ma; M.X. Chu; Q.H. Hong; S.J. Lv; L. Zhu; F.K. Li; Y.G. Han; X. Wu; Y.F. Huang
12/19/2016
Animals; Cattle; Embryo Culture Techniques; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; GRB10 Adaptor Protein; Point mutation; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Superovulation

The application of assisted reproductive technology in animal production benefits the economy and conservation of biological resources. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) was used as predictive markers for breeding and reproduction. In the present study, we examined the association between a SNP of the grb10 gene and superovulation traits in cattle. Sequencing results indicated a point ... more

Y. Wu; Z. Zhang; J.B. Zhang; Q. Deng
12/19/2016
Avena; Brazil; Disease resistance; Edible Grain; Fungicides, Industrial; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Selection, Genetic

The State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS) is the largest producer of oat in Brazil with the aid of consolidated breeding programs, which are constantly releasing new cultivars. The main objectives of this study were to: 1) evaluate the annual genetic progress in grain yield and hectoliter weight of the oat cultivars in RS, with and without fungicide use on aerial parts of plants; and 2) evaluate the ... more

D.N. Follmann; C. Filho; A.D. Lúcio; V.Q. de Souza; M. Caraffa; C.A. Wartha
3/22/2017
Animals; Biomarkers; Chickens; China; Female; Genome-wide association study; Haplotypes; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

Reproductive traits have long been studied and have an important influence on chicken breeding. To identify quantitative trait loci affecting reproductive traits, a genome-wide analysis of a Chinese chicken breed was performed to analyze age at first egg body weight at first egg, first egg weight, egg weight at the age of 300 days, egg weight at the age of 462 days, egg number at the age of ... more

Q.C. Fan; P.F. Wu; G.J. Dai; G.X. Zhang; T. Zhang; Q. Xue; H.Q. Shi; J.Y. Wang

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