Research Article

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9/21/2017
Flowers; Genes, Dominant; Genetic variation; Phaseolus; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; seeds

This article aimed to study the genetic control of some flowers and pod set of common bean and to verify if its estimate varies with environmental conditions and gene pool. A complete diallel was used among six lines, but no reciprocal ones. The treatments were evaluated in three harvests/generations - F, F, and F - in 2015/2016, in a randomized complete block design with four replications. ... more

E.S. Martins; R.A.Pinto Júnior; A.F.B. Abreu; M.A.P. Ramalho
3/15/2017
Amino acid sequence; Animals; Base Sequence; Chickens; Eimeria tenella; Escherichia coli; Gene expression; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions; Protozoan Proteins; Sequence Analysis, DNA

Members of the Eimeria genus are protozoan parasites of the subphylum Apicomplexa (Eimeriidae family), and belong to the coccidia group. Eimeria tenella is one of the most pathogenic species owing to its ability to penetrate the mucosa, and cause inflammation and damage. It is an obligate intracellular parasite that causes disease by destroying the host cells during multiplication. Heat shock ... more

A.L.G. Bogado; G.F. Martins; J.P. Sasse; daS. Guimarães; J.L. Garcia
5/18/2017
Animals; Chickens; Epitopes; Interferon-gamma; Interleukins; Phylogeny; Poultry; Protein Conformation; Toll-Like Receptors

Poultry production is faced with different types of stresses that are responsible for issues of animal welfare as well as for economic losses. Moreover, the immunity decreases when animals are stressed. In silico analyses are important in reducing the cost and in increasing the accuracy of scientific results. A bioinformatics tool was used to perform ontology studies on 15 different ... more

L.J. Lara; A.P. Peconick; É.J. Fassani; A.M.P. Júnior; P.R.B. Chalfun; D.L. Raymundo; T.A. Barçante; J.M. de P. Barçante
8/17/2017
alpha-Amylases; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens; Diet; Dietary Supplements; Digestion; Energy metabolism; male

This study aimed to evaluate the supplementation levels of an exogenous alpha-amylase in broilers diets and compare two indicators in determining the diets energy. The experiment was divided into two parallel evaluations, being one of performance and the other of metabolism. In performance assay, 1,700 one-day-old Cobb-500 male chicks were used. The animals were distributed in 50 experimental ... more

H.B. Oliveira; M.I.A. Silva; F.R. Mesquita
12/02/2016
Adult; Alanine; Arginine; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Glutamine; Humans; Leucine; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Regression Analysis; Superoxide dismutase; Threonine

The most common type of endocrine disease is type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); genetic factors contribute to the development to T2DM. In this study, we investigated the role of the Leu53Leu, Arg213Gly, and Ala40Thr polymorphisms in extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) gene in the development of T2DM in a Chinese population. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples obtained from ... more

Y.M. Yang; X.R. Xie; A.L. Jin
12/19/2016
Adult; Aromatase; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; Endometriosis; Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Glutathione S-Transferase pi; Glutathione transferase; Humans; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Young Adult

Endometriosis is a common, complicated, and highly heterogeneous endocrine disease. Many genetic factors could affect the development of endometriosis. We performed a case-control study to evaluate the association between polymorphisms in CYP19A1 rs2899470, GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 rs1695 and the development of endometriosis in a Chinese population. Between March 2014 and October 2015, 262 ... more

Y. Tuo; J.Y. He; W.J. Yan; J. Yang
12/19/2016
Aged; Alcohol Dehydrogenase; Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1; Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Logistic Models; male; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Genetic; Stomach neoplasms

Gastric cancer is the fourth commonly diagnosed cancer and the second most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide. Genetic variations in ADH1B and ALDH2 may alter the function and activity of the corresponding enzymes, leading to differences in acetaldehyde exposure between drinkers. Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP4502E1) is a phase I enzyme that plays an important role in metabolizing nitrosamine ... more

Z.H. Chen; J.F. Xian; L.P. Luo
12/23/2016
Alleles; Case-control studies; Female; Genetic predisposition to disease; Genotype; Humans; Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2); Odds Ratio; Polycystic ovary syndrome; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most frequently encountered endocrine malfunctions. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a vital role in folate metabolism, DNA methylation, and RNA synthesis. We carried out a study to investigate the association between MTHFR C677T and A1298C genetic variations and the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome in a Chinese population. We recruited ... more

J.B. Wu; J.F. Zhai; J. Yang
12/23/2016
Biomass; environment; Genetic variation; Genotype; Phenotype; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Sorghum

Sorghum biomass is an interesting raw material for bioenergy production due to its versatility, potential of being a renewable energy source, and low-cost of production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic variability of biomass sorghum genotypes and to estimate genotypic, phenotypic, and environmental correlations, and direct and indirect effects of seven agronomic traits ... more

T.P.S. Vendruscolo; M.A.A. Barelli; M.A.S. Castrillon; R.S. da Silva; F.T. de Oliveira; C.L. Corrêa; B.W. Zago; F.D. Tardin
2/8/2017
Alleles; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Case-control studies; China; Connexins; Deafness; Female; Genotype; Humans; Odds Ratio; Polymorphism, Genetic; Pregnancy; Risk; Sequence Deletion

Congenital deafness is a serious and irreversible condition in humans. The GJB2 gene is implicated in the pathogenesis of autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss. Its 235delC and 30-35delG polymorphisms are reported to be associated with risk of hereditary deafness. However, the effect of the interaction between GJB2 235delC and 30-35delG and environmental factors on congenital deafness ... more

Y. Xiong; M. Zhong; J. Chen; Y.L. Yan; X.F. Lin; X. Li

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