Research Article

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2016 Dec 02
Animals; Avian Proteins; Body weight; Breeding; Chickens; Female; Gene expression; Gene Expression Regulation; male; Muscle development; Myostatin; Organ Specificity; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Myostatin (MSTN) is expressed in the myotome and developing skeletal muscles, and acts to regulate the number of muscle fibers. Wuding chicken large body, developed muscle, high disease resistance, and tender, delicious meat, and are not selected for fast growth. Broiler chickens (Avian broiler) are selected for fast growth and have a large body size and high muscle mass. Here, 240 one-day-old ... more

L.X. Liu; T.F. Dou; Q.H. Li; H. Rong; H.Q. Tong; Z.Q. Xu; Y. Huang; D.H. Gu; X.B. Chen; C.R. Ge; J.J. Jia
2017 Mar 22
Animals; Biomarkers; Chickens; China; Female; Genome-wide association study; Haplotypes; Linkage disequilibrium; male; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

Reproductive traits have long been studied and have an important influence on chicken breeding. To identify quantitative trait loci affecting reproductive traits, a genome-wide analysis of a Chinese chicken breed was performed to analyze age at first egg body weight at first egg, first egg weight, egg weight at the age of 300 days, egg weight at the age of 462 days, egg number at the age of ... more

Q.C. Fan; P.F. Wu; G.J. Dai; G.X. Zhang; T. Zhang; Q. Xue; H.Q. Shi; J.Y. Wang
2017 Jun 29
Animals; Cattle; Female; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Lactation; Longevity; Milk; Quantitative trait loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Reproduction; Selective breeding

In this study, we estimated the genetic parameters and identified the putative quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with the length of productive life (LPL), days open (DO), and 305-day milk yield for the first lactation (FM305) of crossbred Holstein dairy cattle. Data comprising 4,739 records collected between 1986 and 2004 were used to estimate the variance-covariance components using ... more

P. Saowaphak; M. Duangjinda; S. Plaengkaeo; R. Suwannasing; W. Boonkum
2017 Jan 23
Genetic association studies; Genotype; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Selection, Genetic; Sorghum

Sweet sorghum has emerged as an alternative crop for ethanol yield. The breeding of this crop is performed to obtain cultivars with high ethanol yield, which necessarily requires associating favorable phenotypes for multiple traits. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the association between agro-industrial traits related to ethanol yield and identify the promising genotypes ... more

P.S.S. Leite; T.G. Fagundes; J.A.R. Nunes; R.A.C. Parrella; N.N.L. Durães; A.T. Bruzi
2017 Jan 23
Agriculture; Fabaceae; Genetic association studies; Genetic markers; Phenotype; Quantitative trait loci

Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) is a perennial forage legume with great potential for use in sustainable agriculture due to its low input requirements, good drought tolerance, and production of forage rich in polyphenolic compounds, which are beneficial for animal health. However, its distribution and cultivation are limited due to its moderate agronomic performance and a general lack of well ... more

K. Kempf; C.S. Malisch; C. Grieder; F. Widmer; R. Kölliker
2017 Mar 22
Abdominal fat; Animals; Body weight; Bone Density; Chickens; Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit; Femur; Genetic association studies; meat; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; RANK Ligand; Selection, Genetic

Intense selection for production traits has improved the genetic gain of important economic traits. However, selection for performance and carcass traits has led to the onset of locomotors problems and decreasing bone strength in broilers. Thus, genes associated with bone integrity traits have become candidates for genetic studies in order to reduce the impact of bone disorders in broilers. ... more

N.V. Grupioni; N.B. Stafuzza; A.B. Carvajal; A.M.G. Ibelli; J.O. Peixoto; M.C. Ledur; D.P. Munari
2016 Dec 02
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
2016 Dec 02
Animals; Body weight; Cattle; Genome-wide association study; Genotype; Models, Biological; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative trait loci

This study aimed to investigate the predictability of a phenotype when using a dynamic model of cattle growth. Genotypic and phenotypic information on Nellore (Bos indicus) cattle were used in a genome-wide association analysis designed to contrast the biological interpretation of core parameters [conversion efficiency of metabolizable energy to net energy for gain (k) and adjusted final ... more

M.C. Freua; M.H.A. Santana; R.V. Ventura; J.B.S. Ferraz
2017 Mar 22
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Breeding; Genetic markers; Genomics; Genotype; Models, Genetic; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Predictive Value of Tests; Quantitative trait loci; Regression Analysis; Selection, Genetic

Genomic selection (GS) is a variant of marker-assisted selection, in which genetic markers covering the whole genome predict individual genetic merits for breeding. GS increases the accuracy of breeding values (BV) prediction. Although a variety of statistical models have been proposed to estimate BV in GS, few methodologies have examined statistical challenges based on non-normal phenotypic ... more

M. Nascimento; F.F.E. Silva; M.D.V. de Resende; C.D. Cruz; A.C.C. Nascimento; J.M.S. Viana; C.F. Azevedo; L.M.A. Barroso
2017 Mar 16
Eucalyptus; Genotype; Lignin; Models, Genetic; Phenotype; Plant breeding; Quantitative trait loci; Random Allocation; Selection, Genetic; Wood

Path analysis has been used for establishing selection criteria in genetic breeding programs for several crops. However, it has not been used in eucalyptus breeding programs yet. In the present study, we aimed to identify the wood technology traits that could be used as the criteria for direct and indirect selection of eucalyptus genotypes with high energy density of wood. Twenty-four ... more

A.M. Couto; P.E. Teodoro; P.F. Trugilho

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