Research Article

Related GMR Articles

Animals; Aphids; Biological evolution; Genetic variation; Hemiptera; Parthenogenesis; Photoperiod; Reproduction, Asexual; RNA; Transcriptome

Chinese galls form on sumac plants (Rhus chinensis) and are used for medicinal and chemical purposes, due to their richness in tannins. The galls are formed by aphids, the most prominent of which is Schlechtendalia chinensis, which forms horn-shaped galls on the winged rachis of R. chinensis. S. chinensis has a complex life cycle, including both R. chinensis and certain mosses as hosts, as ... more

P. Liu; Z.X. Yang; X.M. Chen; P. Yang
Animal Shells; Animals; Bivalvia; Breeding; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fresh Water; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; male; Microsatellite Repeats; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Quantitative trait loci

Four Hyriopsis cumingii populations, a breeding population (BP), a cultured population (FP), two wild populations from Poyang Lake (PY) and Dongting Lake (DT), and an H. schlegelii population were collected (JX), and the first filial generations (F1) were bred synchronously. The shell nacre polymorphisms, population genetic diversity, and genetic structures of the F1 of each population were ... more

L.M. Wu; Z.Y. Bai; X.J. Liu; C. Jin; H. Yin; J.L. Li
Animals; Genome, Mitochondrial; Hedgehogs; Open Reading Frames; Phylogeny; RNA, Ribosomal; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; RNA, Transfer

We sequenced and characterized the complete mitogenome (KX964606) of the Amur hedgehog Erinaceus amurensis to provide more data for comparative mitogenomics of the genus Erinaceus (Erinaceidae). The mitogenome of E. amurensis is a circular molecule 16,941 bp long, consisting of a control region and a conserved set of 37 genes containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, and two rRNA ... more

N.H. Kim; S.J. Lim; H.M. Chae; Y.C. Park
Animals; Base Sequence; Conserved sequence; Disease resistance; Evolution, Molecular; Genetic markers; Genetic variation; Genotype; Microsatellite Repeats; Phylogeny; Plant Diseases; Plant Proteins; Psidium; Tylenchoidea

Guava (Psidium guajava L.) crop is severely affected by the nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii. Native Psidium species have been reported as sources of resistance against this nematode. Knowledge on the molecular relationship between Psidium species based on plant resistance gene analogs (RGA) can be useful in the genetic breeding of guava for resistance to M. enterolobii. In this study, RGA ... more

L.R. Noia; A.C. Tuler; A. Ferreira; M.F.S. Ferreira
Animals; China; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; Genetics, Population; Haplotypes; Lakes; Phylogeny; Polymorphism, Genetic

Coilia ectenes is a commercially important fishery species in China. C. ectenes taihuensis is an endemic and dominant species found in Taihu Lake of China. When compared with C. ectenes, C. ectenes taihuensis lacks anadromous behavior, and can independently grow and reproduce in Taihu Lake. In this study, the mitochondrial DNA control region (D-loop) sequences were employed to investigate the ... more

J.J. Zhang; J.R. Duan; Y.F. Zhou; J.Y. Peng; D.A. Fang
Animals; Brazil; Cattle; Cattle Diseases; Coronavirus Infections; Coronavirus, Bovine; Dysentery; Evolution, Molecular; Feces; Membrane Glycoproteins; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Viral Envelope Proteins; Viral Tropism

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a pathogen related to enteric and respiratory diseases in cattle worldwide. Enteric (BECoV) strains of BCoV are predominant in South America, and genetic investigations have been conducted to identify its relationship with isolates of respiratory origin (BRCoV). In this study, we used a BRCoV strain (BR-UEL11) derived from an outbreak of respiratory disease in ... more

E.A. Beuttemmuller; A.F. Alfieri; S.A. Headley; A.A. Alfieri
Animals; Chromosome banding; Chromosomes; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Karyotype; Phylogeny

Sphyraena (barracudas) represents the only genus of the Sphyraenidae family and includes 27 species distributed into the tropical and subtropical oceanic regions. These pelagic predators can reach large sizes and, thus, attracting significant interest from commercial and sport fishing. Evolutionary data for this fish group, as well its chromosomal patterns, are very incipient. In the present ... more

R.X. Soares; M.B. Cioffi; L.A.C. Bertollo; A.T. Borges; G.W.W.F. Costa; W.F. Molina
Animals; Chromosome Mapping; Chromosomes, Mammalian; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Genome; Genome, Mitochondrial; Goats; Mutagenesis, Insertional

Nuclear mitochondrial pseudogenes (numts), originating from mtDNA insertions into the nuclear genome, have been detected in many species. However, the distribution of numts in the newly published nuclear genome of domestic goat (Capra hircus) has not yet been explored. We used the entire goat mtDNA sequence and nuclear genome, to identify 118 numts using BLAST. Of these, 79 were able to map ... more

F.Y. Ning; J. Fu; Z.H. Du
Animals; Bayes Theorem; Brazil; Evolution, Molecular; Fishes; Genetic variation; Genetics, Population; Microsatellite Repeats

Genetic variability is one of the important criteria for species conservation decisions. This study aimed to analyze the genetic diversity and the population differentiation of two natural populations of Arapaima gigas, a species with a long history of being commercially exploited. We collected 87 samples of A. gigas from Grande Curuai Lake and Paru Lake, located in the Lower Amazon region of ... more

P.F. Fazzi-Gomes; N. Melo; G. Palheta; S. Guerreiro; M. Amador; A.K. Ribeiro-Dos-Santos; S. Santos; I. Hamoy
Biological evolution; Gossypium raimondii; Phylogeny; Sequence analysis; Synteny; TIFY gene family

The highly conserved TIFY domain is included in the TIFY protein family of transcription factors, which is important in plant development. Here, 28 TIFY family genes were identified in the Gossypium raimondii genome and classified into JAZ (15 genes), ZML (8), PPD (3), and TIFY (2). The normal (TIF[F/Y]XG) motif was dominant in the TIFY ... more

D.H. He; Z.P. Lei; B.S. Tang; H.Y. Xing; J.X. Zhao; Y.L. Jing