Research Article

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02/08/2017
alpha-Fetoproteins; Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Glypicans; Humans; Liver neoplasms; male; Neoplasm Micrometastasis; Polymerase chain reaction; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; RNA, Messenger

The incidence of liver cancer has gradually risen to a high level in China, and tumor metastasis occurs via multiple pathways. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the main biomarker of liver cancer micrometastases. A recent study showed that glypican-3 (GPC3), which is abundant in hepatoma cells, has promising specificity and could be used to determine the presence of malignant cells. The nested ... more

J. Luo; K. Yang; Y.G. Wen
02/16/2017
Acetylation; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases; Blueberry Plants; Carbon Tetrachloride; Disease Models, Animal; Histones; Liver cirrhosis; Liver Function Tests; male; Plant Extracts; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of blueberry treatment on histone acetylation modification of carbon tetrachloride (CCl)-induced liver disease in rats. Laboratory rats were randomly divided into control, hepatic fibrosis, blueberry treatment, blueberry intervention, and natural recovery groups. Rats in the model groups were treated with CCl administered ... more

W. Zhan; X. Liao; T. Tian; L. Yu; X. Liu; B. Li; J. Liu; B. Han; R.J. Xie; Q.H. Ji; Q. Yang
03/16/2017
Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Brazil; Carrageenan; Cell Movement; Disease Models, Animal; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Edema; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Gene Expression Regulation; Leukocytes; male; Mangifera; Medicine, Traditional; Mice; Oils, Volatile; Peroxidase; Plant Leaves; Plant Oils; Rats

Mangifera indica is widely found in Brazil, and its leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. The aim of this study is to perform composition analysis of essential oils from the M. indica varieties, espada (EOMIL1) and coração de boi (EOMIL2), and confirm their anti-inflammatory properties. Twenty-three volatile compounds were identified via gas chromatography-mass ... more

R.M. Oliveira; T.S. Dutra; E. Simionatto; N. Ré; C.A.L. Kassuya; C.A.L. Cardoso
03/30/2017
Animals; Apoptosis; Blood glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Ginsenosides; Glucose; Insulin; JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; Lipids; Liver; Liver Diseases; male; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels. T2-DM patients suffer from many complications, such as diabetic fatty liver and diabetic nephropathy. The liver, the pivotal organ involved in both glucose and lipid metabolism, is primarily damaged in T2-DM patients, especially in those with high levels of blood lipid. In this study, ... more

W. Tian; L. Chen; L. Zhang; B. Wang; X.B. Li; K.R. Fan; C.H. Ai; X. Xia; S.D. Li; Y. Li
12/02/2016
Administration, Oral; Animals; Bone marrow cells; Cell proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Guatemala; Humans; Lymphocytes; male; Mexico; Micronucleus tests; Mutagenicity Tests; Plant Extracts; Rats; Rubus; Sister chromatid exchange; Toxicity Tests, Subchronic

Rubus coriifolius Focke is a wild plant from the Rosaceae family. It grows in both Guatemala and Mexico. The polar extract of the aerial parts of this plant has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-protozoal activities. These properties may explain the traditional use of this plant. In vivo and in vitro assays were used to assess the genotoxic and toxic effects of an ethanol extract of ... more

S. González-Hernández; D. González-Ramírez; M.I. Dávila-Rodríguez; A. Jimenez-Arellanez; M. Meckes-Fischer; S. Said-Fernández; E.I. Cortés-Gutiérrez
12/19/2016
Female; Gene frequency; Genetic markers; Humans; Immunologic Factors; Intravitreal Injections; Macular Degeneration; male; Polymorphism, Genetic; Precision Medicine; Proteins; Ranibizumab; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Treatment outcome

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in developed countries. The ARMS2 gene has been found to be associated with AMD. Currently, intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) treatment is one of the widely used treatments for neovascular AMD. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the genotype of ARMS2 rs10490924 polymorphism and IVR treatment ... more

H. Bardak; Y. Bardak; Y. Ercalik; T. Kumral; S. Imamoglu; M. Gunay; H. Ozbas; O. Bagci
12/19/2016
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; Crosses, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster; Drosophila Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; male; Membrane Proteins; Neurons; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transgenes

Lifeguard is an integral transmembrane protein that modulates FasL-mediated apoptosis by interfering with the activation of caspase 8. It is evolutionarily conserved, with homologues present in plants, nematodes, zebra fish, frog, chicken, mouse, monkey, and human. The Lifeguard homologue in Drosophila, CG3814, contains the Bax inhibitor-1 family motif of unknown function. Downregulation of ... more

P.G. M'Angale; B.E. Staveley
03/15/2017
Adult; Biomarkers; Case-control studies; Cells, Cultured; Chelating Agents; Combined Modality Therapy; Female; Hepatolenticular Degeneration; Humans; Liver; Liver cirrhosis; male; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Penicillamine; Transforming Growth Factor beta1; Treatment outcome; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Young Adult

The efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) on liver fibrosis in animal has been proven, but a few studies have been made in human body and few such researches in China. This study was designed to investigate the effect of BMSC treatment on hepatic fibrosis induced by hepatolenticular degeneration and the influence on serological indicators. Sixty patients with liver fibrosis ... more

D. Zhang
03/22/2017
Animals; Cryopreservation; Disease Models, Animal; Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor; Interleukin-10; male; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Neuroprotective Agents; Rats; Rats, Inbred Lew; Regenerative medicine; Spinal Cord Injuries; Transforming Growth Factor beta; Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A

This study aimed to evaluate the immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects of allogeneic and cryopreserved mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on spinal cord injury. A total of 120 rats were distributed into the following groups: negative control (NC) - without injury, positive control (PC) - with injury without treatment, and group treated with MSC (GMSC) - with injury and treated. Motor ... more

I.R. Rosado; P.H. Carvalho; E.G.L. Alves; T.M. Tagushi; J.L. Carvalho; J.F. Silva; M.S.L. Lavor; K.M. Oliveira; R. Serakides; A.M. Goes; E.G. Melo
01/23/2017
Animals; Cognition Disorders; Disease Models, Animal; Gene expression; Hippocampus; HIV Envelope Protein gp120; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Maze Learning; Rats; Receptors, Purinergic P2X7

To investigate the role of the P2X receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer ... more

Y. Liu; G.Q. Chen; B.Y. Liu; Q. Chen; Y.M. Qian; S.S. Qin; C.L. Liu; C.S. Xu

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