Research Article

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An inadequate supply of phosphorus (P) is one of the most limiting factors for plant nutrition, resulting in morphophysiological adjustments and reduced production. We evaluated 42 common bean germplasm bank accesses of the Instituto Agronômico Brazil that are divergent in root traits, using a hydroponic system to determine their performance under P deficiency. The ... more

D.A. Silva; J.G.R. Gonçalves; T. Ribeiro; A.F. Chiorato; S.A.M. Carbonell
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Correlation; Grain yield; Phaseolus vulgaris; Water deficit

ABSTRACT.  Common bean yield is directly related to climate conditions, and water deficit is one of the main limiting factors. One way of getting around this problem is increasing the frequency of alleles favorable to drought tolerance by the recurrent selection method. We estimated the morphophysiological and agronomic gains achieved in two ... more

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broiler; Genetic correlation; Gibbs sampling; Heritability; Liver fat trait; Restricted maximum likelihood

Intensive selection of broilers for improved growth rate is known to exert a negative effect on broiler health, such as an increase in body fat (and its related diseases). Excessive fat deposition in the liver can cause fatty liver hemorrhagic syndrome (FLHS); in addition, traits associated with liver fat have also been associated with FLHS. This study explored the genetic relationships ... more

M.J. Liang; Z.P. Wang; L. Xu; L. Leng; S.Z. Wang; P. Luan; Z.P. Cao; Y.M. Li; H. Li
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Dairy cattle; Genetic correlation; Heritability; Random regression; Somatic cell count

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Selection among broilers for performance traits is resulting in locomotion problems and bone disorders, once skeletal structure is not strong enough to support body weight in broilers with high growth rates. In this study, genetic parameters were estimated for body weight at 42 days of age (BW42), and tibia traits (length, width, and weight) in a population of broiler chickens. ... more

B.N.N. Ragognetti; N.B. Stafuzza; T.C.S. Chud; N.V. Grupioni; V.A.R. Cruz; J.O. Peixoto; K. Nones; M.C. Ledur; D.P. Munari; T.B.R. Silva
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Brassica napus; Correlation coefficients; Gene action; Heritability; Quality traits

A study on three leading lines (KN-256, KN-257, and KN-258) of Brassica napus and an approved variety, Punjab-Sarson, was conducted to gain insight into the genetic control of some quality traits using generation mean analysis. Our results showed that additive gene action predominated in the inheritance of oil content and erucic acid in cross KN-256 x KN-257 and in that of ... more

S. Ahmad; H.A. Sadaqat; M.H.N. Tahir; F.S. Awan
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Heritability; Longevity; Selection of females; Threshold model

We evaluated the genetic association of growth traits [weight adjusted to 205 days of age (W205), 365 days of age (W365), and 550 days of age (W550); weight gain between 205 days of age and 365 days of age (WG1) and between 365 days of age and 550 days of age (WG2)] and reproductive traits [age at first calving (AFC); first calving interval (FCI)] with stayability in the herd (STAY), ... more

E.C.A. Rizzo; F.R.A. Neto; I.D.P.S. Diaz; M.M. Dias; R.B. Costa; H.T. Ventura; H.N. Oliveira; A.J.S. Falcão
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General and specific combining ability; Genotypic correlations; Heritability; Principal component analysis; Zea mays L.

Fifty-four genotypes of maize were crossed and evaluated in the field during the crop season in February 2012 under both normal and water stress conditions. To identify the major parameters responsible for variation among genotypes, single linkage cluster analysis and principle component analysis (PCA) were carried out. Thirteen characters were studied. The PCA showed that the first six ... more

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Accuracy; Computer simulation; Detection power; Heritability; Multiple procedures; QTL mapping

The study of quantitative trait effects is of great significance for molecular marker-assisted breeding. The accuracy of quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping is the key factor affecting marker-assisted breeding, and is extremely significant. The effect of different heritability rates (10, 30, 50, 70, and 90%) on the accuracy of QTL mapping of five recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were ... more

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Bayesian analysis; Beef cattle; Genetic correlation; Heritability; Postweaning weight gain; Skin thickness

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