Research Article

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Diabetic retinopathy; Single nucleotide polymorphism; Type 2 diabetes

Retinoid-X receptor (RXR) is one of the members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. It forms heterodimers with many nuclear receptors, such as the peroxisome proliferative-activated receptor, which has been proposed to be involved in diabetic complications, including retinopathy. A recent study revealed that RXR-alpha has antioxidant properties and is associated with diabetic ... more

C.H. Hsieh; D. Pei; Y.J. Hung; F.C. Hsiao
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Diabetic retinopathy; Systematic review; TCF7L2; Transcription factor 7-like 2 polymorphisms

The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased, as well as complications including diabetic retinopathy. Polymorphisms in transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) have been associated with T2DM, with the strongest association attributed to the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs7903146. In this review, we searched the current literature to determine ... more

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Atorvastatin; Diabetic retinopathy; Vascular endothelial growth factor; Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor; Wistar rats

We investigated the effect of atorvastatin on vascular endothelial growth inhibitor (VEGI) expression in rats with diabetic retinopathy. Wistar rats were divided into a blank group and diabetic model group, which was further randomly divided into treatment and control groups. Rats in the treatment group received 10 mg/kg atorvastatin daily, while rats in the blank and control groups received ... more

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Diabetic retinopathy; Retinal ganglion cells; TLR-4; Toll-like receptor-2

Diabetic retinopathy (DR), a major complication of diabetes mellitus, is the leading cause of adult blindness. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of DR. Here, we investigated the expression profiles of TLR-2 and TLR-4 in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), in an attempt to elucidate the role of these molecules in the etiology of ... more

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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a frequent microvascular complication of diabetes, and one of the most common causes of legal blindness in the world. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) produces an anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect against various human diseases. In this study, we determined the effect of EGCG on a human retinal endothelial cell (HREC) line. The cell viability was ... more

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Diabetic retinopathy; Th1; Th2

Diabetic retinopathy (DR), an important complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), is not well understood. T helper cell balance (Th1/Th2) is involved in various autoimmune diseases; however, its role in DR is not understood. This study explores changes in Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression during DR. Blood samples were collected from 25 healthy volunteers (normal control group), 35 patients ... more

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HIF-1α; Primary liver cancer; Prognosis; VEGF

The goal of this study was to investigate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in primary liver cancer (PLC) and their association with prognosis. Tumor tissue, non-tumor tissue, and blood samples of 75 PLC patients were collected. Blood samples of 20 volunteers were also collected as healthy controls. Real-time ... more

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Cytokine regulation network; Inflammatory cytokines; Interferon-gamma; Tuberculosis

In this study, we identified potential serum biomarkers for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB) and screening for latent TB infections (LTBIs). Peripheral blood samples from 40 healthy individuals, 40 patients with TB, and 40 LTBI individuals were stimulated with the TB-specific antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10. Human inflammatory cytokine arrays were used to detect the expression of ... more

M. Wei; Z.Y. Wu; J.H. Lin; Y. Li; Z.X. Qian; Y.Q. Xie; H. Su; W. Zhou