Research Article

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Genetic parameters for traits related to postweaning growth in Braunvieh cattle, reared under tropical and sub-tropical conditions in Brazil, were studied. Weight traits were weight at 365 days of age (W365, N = 4055), at 450 days (W450, N = 3453), and at 550 days (W550, N = 1946), while weight gains were gain from weaning to 365 days of age (WGW365, N = 3060), from weaning to 450 days ( ... more

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Beef cattle; Genetic trend; Heritability; Productive efficiency; Selection

With the aim of estimating the coefficient of heritability of average annual productivity of Nellore cows (COWPROD), a data set from 24,855 animals with known pedigree was analyzed. COWPROD is defined as the amount (in kilograms) of weaned calves produced yearly by one cow during her remaining time in herd ignoring a fixed period of 365 days. COWPROD was calculated regarding three standards: a ... more

J.P. Eler; J.B.S. Ferraz; J.C.C. Balieiro; E.C. Mattos
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Beef cattle; Censored records; Fertility; Heritability; Reproduction

The continuous trait age at subsequent rebreeding (ASR) was evaluated using survival analysis in Nellore breed cows that conceived for the first time at approximately 14 months of age. This methodology was chosen because the restricted breeding season produces censored data. The dataset contained 2885 records of ASR (in days). Records of females that did not produce calves in the ... more

M.H. Van Melis; L.G.G. Figueiredo; H.N. Oliveira; J.P. Eler; G.J.M. Rosa; M.L. Santana; F.M. Rezende; J.B.S. Ferraz
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Animal model; Carcass yield; Heritability; Likelihood ratio test; Maternal effect

The effect of genetic and non-genetic factors for carcass, breast meat and leg weights, and yields of a commercial broiler line were investigated using the restricted maximum likelihood method, considering four different animal models, including or excluding maternal genetic effect with covariance between direct and maternal genetic effects, and maternal permanent environmental effect. ... more

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(Co)variance components and genetic parameters were estimated for body weights of an elite Brahman herd under a designed, supervised management and genetic program, including strategic artificial insemination (AI). Restricted maximum likelihood methods were used with a univariate animal model for birth weight (BW) and a bivariate model for weaning weight (205-day weight, 205W) and 18 ... more

D. Plasse; O. Verde; J. Arango; L. Camaripano; H. Fossi; R. Romero; C.Rodriguez M.; J.L. Rumbos
08/29/2012
Age at first calving; Beef cattle; Hip height; Scrotal circumference; Weight gain

We investigated genetic associations between mature cow weight (MW) and weaning weight (WW), yearling weight (YW), weight gain from birth to weaning (GBW), weight gain from weaning to yearling (GWY), weaning hip height (WHH), yearling hip height (YHH), scrotal circumference (SC), and age at first calving (AFC). Data from 127,104 Nellore animals born between 1993 and 2006, belonging to ... more

I.C. Regatieri; A.A. Boligon; F. Baldi; L.G. Albuquerque
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Beef cattle; Contemporary group; Genetic correlation; Heritability

Data from 69,525 animals were used to compare two types of analyses, one of them having the weaning management group (WEMANG) included as an effect in the contemporary group (F_WEMANG) and the other considering the weaning management group as a random effect, not related to the mathematical model (R_WEMANG) for post-weaning traits. The components of (co)variance were estimated for pre- ... more

V.B. Pedrosa; J.P. Eler; J.B.S. Ferraz; E. Groeneveld
06/20/2007
Heritability; Honey bee; Pollen collection; Selection; Sunflower

We selected honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera L.) with a high tendency to collect sunflower pollen and estimated the heritability of this trait. The percentage of sunflower pollen collected by 74 colonies was evaluated. Five colonies that collected the highest percentages of sunflower pollen were selected. Nineteen colonies headed by daughters of these selected queens were evaluated ... more

M. Basualdo; E.M. Rodríguez; E. Bedascarrasbure; D. De Jong
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Behavior; Competition effects; Heritability; Review; Swine

A review of previous studies is presented on estimates of genetic parameters and responses to selection with traditional breeding approaches, on correlations between agonistic behavior and growth performance, and on theoretical frameworks for selection incorporating interactions among individuals and on practical methods for incorporating competition effects in breeding programs.

C.Y. Chen; R.K. Johnson; L.D. Van Vleck; S. Newman
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Biometric traits; Heritability; Horse; Murgese

A data set concerning 1,816 subjects entered in the Italian Horse Registry from 1925 to 2002 was analyzed to investigate the morphological evolution of the Murgese horse and to obtain useful elements to enhance breeding practices. Three basic body measurements (height at withers, chest girth, and cannon bone circumference) were considered for each subject. Heritabilities were ... more

C. Dario; D. Carnicella; M. Dario; G. Bufano

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